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Title: Acquisition of Single Crystal Growth and Characterization Equipment

Abstract

Final Report for DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-04ER46178 'Acquisition of Single Crystal Growth and Characterization Equipment'. There is growing concern in the condensed matter community that the need for quality crystal growth and materials preparation laboratories is not being met in the United States. It has been suggested that there are too many researchers performing measurements on too few materials. As a result, many user facilities are not being used optimally. The number of proficient crystal growers is too small. In addition, insufficient attention is being paid to the enterprise of finding new and interesting materials, which is the driving force behind much of condensed matter research and, ultimately, technology. While a detailed assessment of this situation is clearly needed, enough evidence of a problem already exists to compel a general consensus that the situation must be addressed promptly. This final report describes the work carried out during the last four years in our group, in which a state-of-the-art single crystal growth and characterization facility was established for the study of novel oxides and intermetallic compounds of rare earth, actinide and transition metal elements. Research emphasis is on the physics of superconducting (SC), magnetic, heavy fermion (HF), non-Fermi liquid (NFL) andmore » other types of strongly correlated electron phenomena in bulk single crystals. Properties of these materials are being studied as a function of concentration of chemical constituents, temperature, pressure, and magnetic field, which provide information about the electronic, lattice, and magnetic excitations at the root of various strongly correlated electron phenomena. Most importantly, the facility makes possible the investigation of material properties that can only be achieved in high quality bulk single crystals, including magnetic and transport phenomena, studies of the effects of disorder, properties in the clean limit, and spectroscopic and scattering studies through efforts with numerous collaborators. These endeavors will assist the effort to explain various outstanding theoretical problems, such as order parameter symmetries and electron-pairing mechanisms in unconventional superconductors, the relationship between superconductivity and magnetic order in certain correlated electron systems, the role of disorder in non-Fermi liquid behavior and unconventional superconductivity, and the nature of interactions between localized and itinerant electrons in these materials. Understanding the mechanisms behind strongly correlated electron behavior has important technological implications.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
University of California, San Diego
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
943556
Report Number(s):
DOE ER46178-1 Final Report
TRN: US1202593
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-04ER46178
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ACTINIDES; CRYSTAL GROWTH; ELECTRONS; FERMIONS; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MONOCRYSTALS; ORDER PARAMETERS; OXIDES; PHYSICS; RARE EARTHS; SCATTERING; SUPERCONDUCTIVITY; SUPERCONDUCTORS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; TRANSPORT; Single crystal growth, characterization, equipment

Citation Formats

Maple, M. Brian, and Zocco, Diego A. Acquisition of Single Crystal Growth and Characterization Equipment. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.2172/943556.
Maple, M. Brian, & Zocco, Diego A. Acquisition of Single Crystal Growth and Characterization Equipment. United States. doi:10.2172/943556.
Maple, M. Brian, and Zocco, Diego A. Tue . "Acquisition of Single Crystal Growth and Characterization Equipment". United States. doi:10.2172/943556. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/943556.
@article{osti_943556,
title = {Acquisition of Single Crystal Growth and Characterization Equipment},
author = {Maple, M. Brian and Zocco, Diego A.},
abstractNote = {Final Report for DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-04ER46178 'Acquisition of Single Crystal Growth and Characterization Equipment'. There is growing concern in the condensed matter community that the need for quality crystal growth and materials preparation laboratories is not being met in the United States. It has been suggested that there are too many researchers performing measurements on too few materials. As a result, many user facilities are not being used optimally. The number of proficient crystal growers is too small. In addition, insufficient attention is being paid to the enterprise of finding new and interesting materials, which is the driving force behind much of condensed matter research and, ultimately, technology. While a detailed assessment of this situation is clearly needed, enough evidence of a problem already exists to compel a general consensus that the situation must be addressed promptly. This final report describes the work carried out during the last four years in our group, in which a state-of-the-art single crystal growth and characterization facility was established for the study of novel oxides and intermetallic compounds of rare earth, actinide and transition metal elements. Research emphasis is on the physics of superconducting (SC), magnetic, heavy fermion (HF), non-Fermi liquid (NFL) and other types of strongly correlated electron phenomena in bulk single crystals. Properties of these materials are being studied as a function of concentration of chemical constituents, temperature, pressure, and magnetic field, which provide information about the electronic, lattice, and magnetic excitations at the root of various strongly correlated electron phenomena. Most importantly, the facility makes possible the investigation of material properties that can only be achieved in high quality bulk single crystals, including magnetic and transport phenomena, studies of the effects of disorder, properties in the clean limit, and spectroscopic and scattering studies through efforts with numerous collaborators. These endeavors will assist the effort to explain various outstanding theoretical problems, such as order parameter symmetries and electron-pairing mechanisms in unconventional superconductors, the relationship between superconductivity and magnetic order in certain correlated electron systems, the role of disorder in non-Fermi liquid behavior and unconventional superconductivity, and the nature of interactions between localized and itinerant electrons in these materials. Understanding the mechanisms behind strongly correlated electron behavior has important technological implications.},
doi = {10.2172/943556},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {12}
}