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Title: Dynamic Simulation of Carbonate Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid Systems

Abstract

Hybrid fuel cell/gas turbine systems provide an efficient means of producing electricity from fossil fuels with ultra low emissions. However, there are many significant challenges involved in integrating the fuel cell with the gas turbine and other components of this type of system. The fuel cell and the gas turbine must maintain efficient operation and electricity production while protecting equipment during perturbations that may occur when the system is connected to the utility grid or in stand-alone mode. This paper presents recent dynamic simulation results from two laboratories focused on developing tools to aid in the design and dynamic analyses of hybrid fuel cell systems. The simulation results present the response of a carbonate fuel cell/gas turbine, or molten carbonate fuel cell/gas turbine, (MCFC/GT) hybrid system to a load demand perturbation. Initial results suggest that creative control strategies will be needed to ensure a flexible system with wide turndown and robust dynamic operation.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ;
  1. (U. of California, Irvine, CA)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Fuel Cell Research Center, University of California, Irvine, CA; National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, Morgantown, WV, and Albany, OR
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE - Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
938588
Report Number(s):
DOE/NETL-IR-2006-190; NETL-TPR-0855
Journal ID: ISSN 0742-4795; TRN: US200820%%171
DOE Contract Number:
None cited
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power; Journal Volume: 128; Journal Issue: 2; Conference: ASME Turbo Expo 2004: Power for Land, Sea, & Air, Vienna, Austria, June 14-17, 2004
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; AIR; CARBONATES; DESIGN; ELECTRICITY; FOSSIL FUELS; FUEL CELLS; GAS TURBINES; HYBRID SYSTEMS; PRODUCTION; SIMULATION; TURBINES; CHEMISORPTION; PENTACENE; SILICON; SORPTIVE PROPERTIES; MORPHOLOGY; ADSORPTION HEAT; flexible structure; molten salt; numerical simulation; hybrid system; carbonates; fuel cell; gas turbine

Citation Formats

Roberts, R.A., Brouwer, J., Liese, E.A., and Gemmen, R.S.. Dynamic Simulation of Carbonate Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid Systems. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1115/1.1852565.
Roberts, R.A., Brouwer, J., Liese, E.A., & Gemmen, R.S.. Dynamic Simulation of Carbonate Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid Systems. United States. doi:10.1115/1.1852565.
Roberts, R.A., Brouwer, J., Liese, E.A., and Gemmen, R.S.. Sat . "Dynamic Simulation of Carbonate Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid Systems". United States. doi:10.1115/1.1852565.
@article{osti_938588,
title = {Dynamic Simulation of Carbonate Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid Systems},
author = {Roberts, R.A. and Brouwer, J. and Liese, E.A. and Gemmen, R.S.},
abstractNote = {Hybrid fuel cell/gas turbine systems provide an efficient means of producing electricity from fossil fuels with ultra low emissions. However, there are many significant challenges involved in integrating the fuel cell with the gas turbine and other components of this type of system. The fuel cell and the gas turbine must maintain efficient operation and electricity production while protecting equipment during perturbations that may occur when the system is connected to the utility grid or in stand-alone mode. This paper presents recent dynamic simulation results from two laboratories focused on developing tools to aid in the design and dynamic analyses of hybrid fuel cell systems. The simulation results present the response of a carbonate fuel cell/gas turbine, or molten carbonate fuel cell/gas turbine, (MCFC/GT) hybrid system to a load demand perturbation. Initial results suggest that creative control strategies will be needed to ensure a flexible system with wide turndown and robust dynamic operation.},
doi = {10.1115/1.1852565},
journal = {ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power},
number = 2,
volume = 128,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}
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