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Title: Reactive Distillation for Esterification of Bio-based Organic Acids

Abstract

The following is the final report of the three year research program to convert organic acids to their ethyl esters using reactive distillation. This report details the complete technical activities of research completed at Michigan State University for the period of October 1, 2003 to September 30, 2006, covering both reactive distillation research and development and the underlying thermodynamic and kinetic data required for successful and rigorous design of reactive distillation esterification processes. Specifically, this project has led to the development of economical, technically viable processes for ethyl lactate, triethyl citrate and diethyl succinate production, and on a larger scale has added to the overall body of knowledge on applying fermentation based organic acids as platform chemicals in the emerging biorefinery. Organic acid esters constitute an attractive class of biorenewable chemicals that are made from corn or other renewable biomass carbohydrate feedstocks and replace analogous petroleum-based compounds, thus lessening U.S. dependence on foreign petroleum and enhancing overall biorefinery viability through production of value-added chemicals in parallel with biofuels production. Further, many of these ester products are candidates for fuel (particularly biodiesel) components, and thus will serve dual roles as both industrial chemicals and fuel enhancers in the emerging bioeconomy. Themore » technical report from MSU is organized around the ethyl esters of four important biorenewables-based acids: lactic acid, citric acid, succinic acid, and propionic acid. Literature background on esterification and reactive distillation has been provided in Section One. Work on lactic acid is covered in Sections Two through Five, citric acid esterification in Sections Six and Seven, succinic acid in Section Eight, and propionic acid in Section Nine. Section Ten covers modeling of ester and organic acid vapor pressure properties using the SPEAD (Step Potential Equilibrium and Dynamics) method.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Corn Growers Association, Chesterfield, MO; Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE)
OSTI Identifier:
937553
Report Number(s):
DOE/GO/14249-1
GO14249; 14249; TRN: US201003%%680
DOE Contract Number:  
FG36-04GO14249
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BIOFUELS; BIOMASS; CARBOHYDRATES; CITRATES; CITRIC ACID; DISTILLATION; ESTERIFICATION; ESTERS; FERMENTATION; KINETICS; LACTIC ACID; ORGANIC ACIDS; PETROLEUM; PROPIONIC ACID; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; SUCCINIC ACID; THERMODYNAMICS; VAPOR PRESSURE; VIABILITY; reactive distillation; distillation; biomass; lactate; citrate; succinate; organic acid esters; biodiesel; ethyl esters; Gerdeman

Citation Formats

Fields, Nathan, Miller, Dennis J, Asthana, Navinchandra S, Kolah, Aspi K, Vu, Dung, and Lira, Carl T. Reactive Distillation for Esterification of Bio-based Organic Acids. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.2172/937553.
Fields, Nathan, Miller, Dennis J, Asthana, Navinchandra S, Kolah, Aspi K, Vu, Dung, & Lira, Carl T. Reactive Distillation for Esterification of Bio-based Organic Acids. United States. doi:10.2172/937553.
Fields, Nathan, Miller, Dennis J, Asthana, Navinchandra S, Kolah, Aspi K, Vu, Dung, and Lira, Carl T. Tue . "Reactive Distillation for Esterification of Bio-based Organic Acids". United States. doi:10.2172/937553. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/937553.
@article{osti_937553,
title = {Reactive Distillation for Esterification of Bio-based Organic Acids},
author = {Fields, Nathan and Miller, Dennis J and Asthana, Navinchandra S and Kolah, Aspi K and Vu, Dung and Lira, Carl T},
abstractNote = {The following is the final report of the three year research program to convert organic acids to their ethyl esters using reactive distillation. This report details the complete technical activities of research completed at Michigan State University for the period of October 1, 2003 to September 30, 2006, covering both reactive distillation research and development and the underlying thermodynamic and kinetic data required for successful and rigorous design of reactive distillation esterification processes. Specifically, this project has led to the development of economical, technically viable processes for ethyl lactate, triethyl citrate and diethyl succinate production, and on a larger scale has added to the overall body of knowledge on applying fermentation based organic acids as platform chemicals in the emerging biorefinery. Organic acid esters constitute an attractive class of biorenewable chemicals that are made from corn or other renewable biomass carbohydrate feedstocks and replace analogous petroleum-based compounds, thus lessening U.S. dependence on foreign petroleum and enhancing overall biorefinery viability through production of value-added chemicals in parallel with biofuels production. Further, many of these ester products are candidates for fuel (particularly biodiesel) components, and thus will serve dual roles as both industrial chemicals and fuel enhancers in the emerging bioeconomy. The technical report from MSU is organized around the ethyl esters of four important biorenewables-based acids: lactic acid, citric acid, succinic acid, and propionic acid. Literature background on esterification and reactive distillation has been provided in Section One. Work on lactic acid is covered in Sections Two through Five, citric acid esterification in Sections Six and Seven, succinic acid in Section Eight, and propionic acid in Section Nine. Section Ten covers modeling of ester and organic acid vapor pressure properties using the SPEAD (Step Potential Equilibrium and Dynamics) method.},
doi = {10.2172/937553},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {9}
}