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Title: Spent fuel sabotage test program, characterization of aerosol dispersal : interim final report.

Abstract

This multinational, multi-phase spent fuel sabotage test program is quantifying the aerosol particles produced when the products of a high energy density device (HEDD) interact with and explosively particulate test rodlets that contain pellets of either surrogate materials or actual spent fuel. This program provides source-term data that are relevant to plausible sabotage scenarios in relation to spent fuel transport and storage casks and associated risk assessments. We present details and significant results obtained from this program from 2001 through 2007. Measured aerosol results include: respirable fractions produced; amounts, nuclide content, and produced particle size distributions and morphology; measurements of volatile fission product species enhanced sorption--enrichment factors onto respirable particles; and, status on determination of the spent fuel ratio, SFR, needed for scaling studies. Emphasis is provided on recent Phase 3 tests using depleted uranium oxide pellets plus non-radioactive fission product dopants in surrogate spent fuel test rodlets, plus the latest surrogate cerium oxide results and aerosol laboratory supporting calibration work. The DUO{sub 2}, CeO{sub 2}, plus fission product dopant aerosol particle results are compared with available historical data. We also provide a status review on continuing preparations for the final Phase 4 in this program, tests using individual shortmore » rodlets containing actual spent fuel from U.S. PWR reactors, with both high- and lower-burnup fuel. The source-term data, aerosol results, and program design have been tailored to support and guide follow-on computer modeling of aerosol dispersal hazards and radiological consequence assessments. This spent fuel sabotage, aerosol test program was performed primarily at Sandia National Laboratories, with support provided by both the U.S. Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This program has significant input from, and is cooperatively supported and coordinated by both the U.S. and international program participants in Germany, France, and others, as part of the International Working Group for Sabotage Concerns of Transport and Storage Casks (WGSTSC).« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ;  [2]; ;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];
  1. (Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, France)
  2. (Fraunhofer Institut fur Toxikologie und Experimentelle Medizin, Germany)
  3. (Gesellschaft fur Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit, Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
934855
Report Number(s):
SAND2007-8070
TRN: US0804100
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; AEROSOLS; CALIBRATION; CASKS; CERIUM OXIDES; COMPUTERS; DEPLETED URANIUM; ENERGY DENSITY; FISSION PRODUCTS; ISOTOPES; MORPHOLOGY; OXIDES; PARTICLE SIZE; PARTICULATES; PELLETS; RISK ASSESSMENT; SABOTAGE; SPENT FUELS; STORAGE; TRANSPORT; Spent fuel storage.; Aerosols, Radioactive-Measurement.; Sabotage.; Aerosols-Measurement.

Citation Formats

Gregson, Michael Warren, Brockmann, John E., Loiseau, Olivier, Klennert, Lindsay A., Nolte, Oliver, Molecke, Martin Alan, Autrusson, Bruno A., Koch, Wolfgang, Pretzsch, Gunter Guido, Brucher, Wenzel, and Steyskal, Michele D.. Spent fuel sabotage test program, characterization of aerosol dispersal : interim final report.. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.2172/934855.
Gregson, Michael Warren, Brockmann, John E., Loiseau, Olivier, Klennert, Lindsay A., Nolte, Oliver, Molecke, Martin Alan, Autrusson, Bruno A., Koch, Wolfgang, Pretzsch, Gunter Guido, Brucher, Wenzel, & Steyskal, Michele D.. Spent fuel sabotage test program, characterization of aerosol dispersal : interim final report.. United States. doi:10.2172/934855.
Gregson, Michael Warren, Brockmann, John E., Loiseau, Olivier, Klennert, Lindsay A., Nolte, Oliver, Molecke, Martin Alan, Autrusson, Bruno A., Koch, Wolfgang, Pretzsch, Gunter Guido, Brucher, Wenzel, and Steyskal, Michele D.. Sat . "Spent fuel sabotage test program, characterization of aerosol dispersal : interim final report.". United States. doi:10.2172/934855. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/934855.
@article{osti_934855,
title = {Spent fuel sabotage test program, characterization of aerosol dispersal : interim final report.},
author = {Gregson, Michael Warren and Brockmann, John E. and Loiseau, Olivier and Klennert, Lindsay A. and Nolte, Oliver and Molecke, Martin Alan and Autrusson, Bruno A. and Koch, Wolfgang and Pretzsch, Gunter Guido and Brucher, Wenzel and Steyskal, Michele D.},
abstractNote = {This multinational, multi-phase spent fuel sabotage test program is quantifying the aerosol particles produced when the products of a high energy density device (HEDD) interact with and explosively particulate test rodlets that contain pellets of either surrogate materials or actual spent fuel. This program provides source-term data that are relevant to plausible sabotage scenarios in relation to spent fuel transport and storage casks and associated risk assessments. We present details and significant results obtained from this program from 2001 through 2007. Measured aerosol results include: respirable fractions produced; amounts, nuclide content, and produced particle size distributions and morphology; measurements of volatile fission product species enhanced sorption--enrichment factors onto respirable particles; and, status on determination of the spent fuel ratio, SFR, needed for scaling studies. Emphasis is provided on recent Phase 3 tests using depleted uranium oxide pellets plus non-radioactive fission product dopants in surrogate spent fuel test rodlets, plus the latest surrogate cerium oxide results and aerosol laboratory supporting calibration work. The DUO{sub 2}, CeO{sub 2}, plus fission product dopant aerosol particle results are compared with available historical data. We also provide a status review on continuing preparations for the final Phase 4 in this program, tests using individual short rodlets containing actual spent fuel from U.S. PWR reactors, with both high- and lower-burnup fuel. The source-term data, aerosol results, and program design have been tailored to support and guide follow-on computer modeling of aerosol dispersal hazards and radiological consequence assessments. This spent fuel sabotage, aerosol test program was performed primarily at Sandia National Laboratories, with support provided by both the U.S. Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This program has significant input from, and is cooperatively supported and coordinated by both the U.S. and international program participants in Germany, France, and others, as part of the International Working Group for Sabotage Concerns of Transport and Storage Casks (WGSTSC).},
doi = {10.2172/934855},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {3}
}

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