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Title: Unique Properties of Lunar Impact Glass: Nanophase Metallic Fe Synthesis

Abstract

Lunar regolith contains important materials that can be used for in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) on the Moon, thereby providing for substantial economic savings for development of a manned base. However, virtually all activities on the Moon will be affected by the deleterious effects of the adhering, abrasive, and pervasive nature of lunar dust (<20 {micro}m portion of regolith, which constitutes {approx}20 wt% of the soil). In addition, the major impact-produced glass in the lunar soil, especially agglutinitic glass (60-80 vol% of the dust), contains unique nanometer-sized metallic Fe (np-Fe{sup 0}), which may pose severe pulmonary problems for humans. The presence of the np-Fe0 imparts considerable magnetic susceptibility to the fine portion of the lunar soil, and dust mitigation techniques can be designed using these magnetic properties. The limited availability of Apollo lunar soils for ISRU research has made it necessary to produce materials that simulate this unique np-Fe{sup 0} property, for testing different dust mitigation methods using electromagnetic fields, and for toxicity studies of human respiratory and pulmonary systems, and for microwave treatment of lunar soil to produce paved roads, etc. A method for synthesizing np-Fe{sup 0} in an amorphous silica matrix is presented here. This type of specific simulantmore » can be used as an additive to other existing lunar soil simulants.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
  2. ORNL
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
932129
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: American Mineralogist; Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 8-9
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ADDITIVES; AVAILABILITY; DUSTS; ECONOMICS; ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS; GLASS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY; MITIGATION; MOON; SILICA; SOILS; SYNTHESIS; TESTING; TOXICITY

Citation Formats

Liu, Yang, Taylor, Lawrence A., Thompson, James R, Schnare, Darren W., and Park, Jae-Sung. Unique Properties of Lunar Impact Glass: Nanophase Metallic Fe Synthesis. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2138/am.2007.2333.
Liu, Yang, Taylor, Lawrence A., Thompson, James R, Schnare, Darren W., & Park, Jae-Sung. Unique Properties of Lunar Impact Glass: Nanophase Metallic Fe Synthesis. United States. doi:10.2138/am.2007.2333.
Liu, Yang, Taylor, Lawrence A., Thompson, James R, Schnare, Darren W., and Park, Jae-Sung. Mon . "Unique Properties of Lunar Impact Glass: Nanophase Metallic Fe Synthesis". United States. doi:10.2138/am.2007.2333.
@article{osti_932129,
title = {Unique Properties of Lunar Impact Glass: Nanophase Metallic Fe Synthesis},
author = {Liu, Yang and Taylor, Lawrence A. and Thompson, James R and Schnare, Darren W. and Park, Jae-Sung},
abstractNote = {Lunar regolith contains important materials that can be used for in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) on the Moon, thereby providing for substantial economic savings for development of a manned base. However, virtually all activities on the Moon will be affected by the deleterious effects of the adhering, abrasive, and pervasive nature of lunar dust (<20 {micro}m portion of regolith, which constitutes {approx}20 wt% of the soil). In addition, the major impact-produced glass in the lunar soil, especially agglutinitic glass (60-80 vol% of the dust), contains unique nanometer-sized metallic Fe (np-Fe{sup 0}), which may pose severe pulmonary problems for humans. The presence of the np-Fe0 imparts considerable magnetic susceptibility to the fine portion of the lunar soil, and dust mitigation techniques can be designed using these magnetic properties. The limited availability of Apollo lunar soils for ISRU research has made it necessary to produce materials that simulate this unique np-Fe{sup 0} property, for testing different dust mitigation methods using electromagnetic fields, and for toxicity studies of human respiratory and pulmonary systems, and for microwave treatment of lunar soil to produce paved roads, etc. A method for synthesizing np-Fe{sup 0} in an amorphous silica matrix is presented here. This type of specific simulant can be used as an additive to other existing lunar soil simulants.},
doi = {10.2138/am.2007.2333},
journal = {American Mineralogist},
number = 8-9,
volume = 92,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}