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Title: Toward Electronic Conductance Characterization of DNA Nucleotide Bases

Abstract

We calculate electron-transport properties within equilibrium, linear transport theory through the DNA nucleotide bases spanning two gold nanowires. Our quantum mechanical calculations show that single configurations of DNA bases A, C, T, and G have significantly different charge conductance characteristics. This result is consistent with the notion that it is possible to read the nucleotide base sequence on an individual DNA heteropolymer which is moving through a gap between electrically biased nanoelectrodes by measuring the changes in the electron-transport conductance.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. ORNL
  2. University of Missouri, Columbia
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Work for Others (WFO)
OSTI Identifier:
931920
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: ChinaNano 2005 (China International Conference on Nanoscience and Technology), Beijing, China, 20050609, 20050611
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; DNA; GOLD; NUCLEOTIDES; TRANSPORT THEORY

Citation Formats

Lee, James Weifu, Krstic, Predrag S, Wells, Jack C, Fuentes-Cabrera, Miguel A, and Xu, Dong. Toward Electronic Conductance Characterization of DNA Nucleotide Bases. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Lee, James Weifu, Krstic, Predrag S, Wells, Jack C, Fuentes-Cabrera, Miguel A, & Xu, Dong. Toward Electronic Conductance Characterization of DNA Nucleotide Bases. United States.
Lee, James Weifu, Krstic, Predrag S, Wells, Jack C, Fuentes-Cabrera, Miguel A, and Xu, Dong. Mon . "Toward Electronic Conductance Characterization of DNA Nucleotide Bases". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_931920,
title = {Toward Electronic Conductance Characterization of DNA Nucleotide Bases},
author = {Lee, James Weifu and Krstic, Predrag S and Wells, Jack C and Fuentes-Cabrera, Miguel A and Xu, Dong},
abstractNote = {We calculate electron-transport properties within equilibrium, linear transport theory through the DNA nucleotide bases spanning two gold nanowires. Our quantum mechanical calculations show that single configurations of DNA bases A, C, T, and G have significantly different charge conductance characteristics. This result is consistent with the notion that it is possible to read the nucleotide base sequence on an individual DNA heteropolymer which is moving through a gap between electrically biased nanoelectrodes by measuring the changes in the electron-transport conductance.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

Conference:
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  • We calculate electron-transport properties within equilibrium, linear transport theory through the DNA nucleotide bases spanning two gold nanowires. Our quantum mechanical calculations show that single configurations of DNA bases A, C, T, and G have significantly different charge conductance characteristics. This result is consistent with the notion that it is possible to read the nucleotide base sequence on an individual DNA heteropolymer which is moving through a gap between electrically biased nanoelectrodes by measuring the changes in the electron-transport conductance.
  • Lagerqvist et al.'s Comment regarding the calculation of the transverse conductance of a single-strand DNA heteropolymer translocated through a nanogap between two metal electrodes fully confirms the main conclusions of our study [Phys. Rev. E 74, 011919 (2006)]. In the absence of resonant tunneling, the sensitivity to geometrical factors and the uncertainty in the density functional theory model, which is used in our study and is the basis for the parametrization of the model used by Lagerqvist et al., raises doubt about the utility of static-bias measurements for DNA sequencing. A possible scheme discussed by Lagerqvist et al., the stabilizationmore » of geometry by an applied strong transverse voltage (1 V), is outside the applicability range of the near-equilibrium theory they (and we) used. More advanced theories and precise gap measurements are needed to resolve these issues.« less
  • Characterization of the electrical properties of the DNA bases, Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine and Thymine, besides building the basic knowledge on these fundamental constituents of a DNA, is a crucial step in developing a DNA sequencing technology. We present a first-principles study of the current-voltage characteristics of nucleotide-like molecules of the DNA bases, placed in a 1.5 nm gap formed between gold nanoelectrodes. The quantum transport calculations in the tunneling regime are shown to vary strongly with the electrode-molecule geometry and the choice of the DFT exchangecorrelation functionals. Analysis of the results in the zero-bias limit indicates that distinguishable current-voltage characteristicsmore » of different DNA bases are dominated by the geometrical conformations of the bases and nanoelectrodes.« less
  • Since the independent invention of DNA sequencing by Sanger and by Gilbert 30 years ago, it has grown from a small scale technique capable of reading several kilobase-pair of sequence per day into today's multibillion dollar industry. This growth has spurred the development of new sequencing technologies that do not involve either electrophoresis or Sanger sequencing chemistries. Sequencing by Synthesis (SBS) involves multiple parallel micro-sequencing addition events occurring on a surface, where data from each round is detected by imaging. New High Throughput Technologies for DNA Sequencing and Genomics is the second volume in the Perspectives in Bioanalysis series, whichmore » looks at the electroanalytical chemistry of nucleic acids and proteins, development of electrochemical sensors and their application in biomedicine and in the new fields of genomics and proteomics. The authors have expertly formatted the information for a wide variety of readers, including new developments that will inspire students and young scientists to create new tools for science and medicine in the 21st century. Reviews of complementary developments in Sanger and SBS sequencing chemistries, capillary electrophoresis and microdevice integration, MS sequencing and applications set the framework for the book.« less
  • Studies on the effect of acute cold exposure of rats on brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenic activity have produced equivocal results. Therefore, the authors have reexamined the response of BAT mitochondria to abrupt changes in environmental temperature. /sup 3/H-GDP binding to BAT mitochondria increased more than 2-fold in 20 min when rats were moved from 27/sup 0/C to 4/sup 0/C. When rats housed at 4/sup 0/C for 2 h were returned to 27/sup 0/C, GDP binding decreased sharply in 20 min and returned to control levels in 2 h. On the other hand, GDP-inhibitable proton conductance, as measured by passivemore » swelling in isotonic K-acetate of KCl buffers, was unaffected by brief cold exposure but more than doubled in rats kept at 4/sup 0/C for 10 days. The authors conclude that GDP-inhibitable swelling may be more indicative of uncoupling protein concentration whereas thermogenic activity is more appropriately indicated by GDP binding. GDP binding to BAT mitochondria from warm and acutely cold treated rats was not altered by prior swelling of the mitochondria nor by freeze-thawing the mitochondria before assay. Therefore, alterations of the number of GDP binding sites may not be a result of conformational changes of the mitochondril membrane.« less