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Title: Performance Evaluation of FPGA-Based Biological Applications

Abstract

On the forefront of recent HPC innovations are Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA), which promise to accelerate calculations by one or more orders of magnitude. The performance of two Cray XD1 systems with Virtex-II Pro 50 and Virtex-4 LX160 FPGAs, were evaluated using a computational biological human genome comparisons program. This paper describes scalable, parallel, FPGA-accelerated results for the FASTA application ssearch34, using the Smith-Waterman algorithm for DNA, RNA and protein sequencing contained in the OpenFPGA benchmark suite. Results indicate typical Cray XD1 FPGA speedups of 50x (Virtex-II Pro 50) and 100x (Virtex-4 LX160) compared to a 2.2 GHz Opteron. Similar speedups are expected for the DRC RPU110-L200 modules (Virtex-4 LX200), which fit in an Opteron socket, and selected by Cray for its XT Supercomputers. The FPGA programming challenges, human genome benchmarking, and data verification of results, are discussed.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. ORNL
  2. Cray, Inc.
  3. Mitrionics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Computational Sciences
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
931803
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Cray Users Group 2007, Seattle, WA, USA, 20070507, 20070510
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
FPGA; reconfigurable; DNA; RNA; Smith-Waterman; Cray; FASTA; XD1; Virtex; OpenFPGA

Citation Formats

Storaasli, Olaf O, Yu, Weikuan, Strenski, Dave, and Maltby, Jim. Performance Evaluation of FPGA-Based Biological Applications. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Storaasli, Olaf O, Yu, Weikuan, Strenski, Dave, & Maltby, Jim. Performance Evaluation of FPGA-Based Biological Applications. United States.
Storaasli, Olaf O, Yu, Weikuan, Strenski, Dave, and Maltby, Jim. Mon . "Performance Evaluation of FPGA-Based Biological Applications". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_931803,
title = {Performance Evaluation of FPGA-Based Biological Applications},
author = {Storaasli, Olaf O and Yu, Weikuan and Strenski, Dave and Maltby, Jim},
abstractNote = {On the forefront of recent HPC innovations are Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA), which promise to accelerate calculations by one or more orders of magnitude. The performance of two Cray XD1 systems with Virtex-II Pro 50 and Virtex-4 LX160 FPGAs, were evaluated using a computational biological human genome comparisons program. This paper describes scalable, parallel, FPGA-accelerated results for the FASTA application ssearch34, using the Smith-Waterman algorithm for DNA, RNA and protein sequencing contained in the OpenFPGA benchmark suite. Results indicate typical Cray XD1 FPGA speedups of 50x (Virtex-II Pro 50) and 100x (Virtex-4 LX160) compared to a 2.2 GHz Opteron. Similar speedups are expected for the DRC RPU110-L200 modules (Virtex-4 LX200), which fit in an Opteron socket, and selected by Cray for its XT Supercomputers. The FPGA programming challenges, human genome benchmarking, and data verification of results, are discussed.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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