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Title: Construction and Expected Performance of the Hadron Blind Detector for the PHENIX Experiment at RHIC

Abstract

A new hadron blind detector (HBD) for electron identification in high density hadron environment has been installed in the PHENIX experiment at RHIC in the fall of 2006. The HBD will identify low momentum electron-positron pairs to reduce the combinatorial background in the e{sup +}e{sup -} mass spectrum, mainly in the region below 1 GeV/c2. The HBD is a windowless proximity-focusing Cherenkov detector with a radiator length of 50 cm, a CsI photocathode and three layers of gas electron multipliers (GEM). Pure CF4 is used as a radiator and a detector gas. This proceeding describes the construction details and the expected performance of the HBD.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [5]
  1. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL)
  2. ORNL
  3. University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
  4. University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
  5. The
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
931202
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 19th International Conference on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions: Quark Matter 2006, Shanghai, China, 20061114, 20061120
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; CHERENKOV COUNTERS; CONSTRUCTION; ELECTRON MULTIPLIERS; ELECTRONS; HADRONS; PERFORMANCE; PHOTOCATHODES; QUARK MATTER; RADIATORS; COLLISIONS

Citation Formats

Milov, A., Awes, Terry C, Batsouli, Sotiria, Cianciolo, Vince, Efremenko, Yuri, Read Jr, Kenneth F, Silvermyr, David O, Sorensen, Soren P, Stankus, Paul W, Young, Glenn R, Zhang, Chun, and PHENIX, Collaboration. Construction and Expected Performance of the Hadron Blind Detector for the PHENIX Experiment at RHIC. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Milov, A., Awes, Terry C, Batsouli, Sotiria, Cianciolo, Vince, Efremenko, Yuri, Read Jr, Kenneth F, Silvermyr, David O, Sorensen, Soren P, Stankus, Paul W, Young, Glenn R, Zhang, Chun, & PHENIX, Collaboration. Construction and Expected Performance of the Hadron Blind Detector for the PHENIX Experiment at RHIC. United States.
Milov, A., Awes, Terry C, Batsouli, Sotiria, Cianciolo, Vince, Efremenko, Yuri, Read Jr, Kenneth F, Silvermyr, David O, Sorensen, Soren P, Stankus, Paul W, Young, Glenn R, Zhang, Chun, and PHENIX, Collaboration. Mon . "Construction and Expected Performance of the Hadron Blind Detector for the PHENIX Experiment at RHIC". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_931202,
title = {Construction and Expected Performance of the Hadron Blind Detector for the PHENIX Experiment at RHIC},
author = {Milov, A. and Awes, Terry C and Batsouli, Sotiria and Cianciolo, Vince and Efremenko, Yuri and Read Jr, Kenneth F and Silvermyr, David O and Sorensen, Soren P and Stankus, Paul W and Young, Glenn R and Zhang, Chun and PHENIX, Collaboration},
abstractNote = {A new hadron blind detector (HBD) for electron identification in high density hadron environment has been installed in the PHENIX experiment at RHIC in the fall of 2006. The HBD will identify low momentum electron-positron pairs to reduce the combinatorial background in the e{sup +}e{sup -} mass spectrum, mainly in the region below 1 GeV/c2. The HBD is a windowless proximity-focusing Cherenkov detector with a radiator length of 50 cm, a CsI photocathode and three layers of gas electron multipliers (GEM). Pure CF4 is used as a radiator and a detector gas. This proceeding describes the construction details and the expected performance of the HBD.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

Conference:
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  • A Hadron Blind Detector (HBD) has been developed, constructed and successfully operated within the PHENIX detector at RHIC. The HBD is a Cherenkov detector operated with pure CF{sub 4}. It has a 50 cm long radiator directly coupled in a windowless configuration to a readout element consisting of a triple GEM stack, with a CsI photocathode evaporated on the top surface of the top GEM and pad readout at the bottom of the stack. This paper gives a comprehensive account of the construction, operation and in-beam performance of the detector.
  • The PHENIX collaboration has designed a conceptually new Hadron Blind Detector (HBD) for electron identification in high density hadron environment. The HBD will identify low momentum electron-positron pairs to reduce the combinatorial background in the mass region below 1 GeV/c2. The HBD shall be installed in PHENIX during the 2007 physics run.The HBD is a windowless proximity focusing Cherenkov detector with a radiator length of 50 cm, CsI photocathode and three layers of Gas Electron Multipliers (GEM) for gas amplification. Pure CF4 serves both as a radiator and as a detector gas. The radiation budget of the device is lessmore » than 3% of a radiation length.« less
  • We are constructing a Silicon Vertex Tracker detector (VTX) for the PHENIX experiment at RHIC. Our main motivation is to enable measurements of heavy flavor production (charm and beauty) in p+p, p+d and A+A collisions. Such data will illuminate the properties of the matter created in high-energy heavy-ion collisions. The measurements also will reveal the distribution of gluons in protons from p+p collisions. The VTX detector consists of four layers of barrel detectors and covers |{eta}|<1.2, and almost a 2{pi} in azimuth. The inner two silicon barrels consist of silicon pixel sensors; their technology accords with that of the ALICE1LHCBmore » sensor-readout hybrid. The outer two barrels are silicon stripixel detectors with a new 'spiral' design, and a single-sided sensor with 2-dimensional (X, U) readout. In this paper, we describe the silicon stripixel detector and discuss its performance, including its response to electrons from a beta source ({sup 90}Sr), muons from cosmic-rays, and a 120 GeV proton beam. The results from the proton beam demonstrate that the principle of two-dimensional position sensitivity based on charge sharing works; the signal-to-noise value is 10.4, the position resolution is 33.6 {micro}m for X-stripixel (35.2 {micro}m for U-stripixel), and the tracking efficiencies in the X- and U-stripixels are, over 98.9 {+-} 0.2%. The stripixel detector within the VTX project is in the pre-production phase.« less
  • Dielectron measurements by the PHENIX Experiment at RHIC are limited by the combinatorial background from electrons and positrons which are not produced in the same pair. The Hadron Blind Detector will allow a substantial reduction of this background by correctly identifying dielectrons from photon conversions and pion Dalitz decays which dominate the signal in the low mass region of the spectrum. Triple GEM stacks, with a CsI photocathode deposited on the uppermost GEM, detect Cherenkov light produced by electrons in a CF{sub 4} radiator. The transparency of CF{sub 4}, high quantum efficiency of CsI in the UV, and absence ofmore » a window between the gas radiator and the GEMs allow a large photoelectron yield, while minimizing the hadron signal. Results from the HBD in RHIC's Run-7 and preparations for upcoming runs are discussed.« less