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Title: Wetting and Reaction Characteristics of Al2O3/SiC Composite Refractories By Molten Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy

Abstract

The reactive wetting behavior in molten aluminum (Al) and Al alloy was investigated for alumina-silicon carbide composite refractory materials using an optimized sessile drop method at 900oC in a purified Ar-4% H2 atmosphere. The time dependent behavior of the contact angle and drop geometry was monitored and the wetting kinetics were determined. The initial contact angle between the liquid Al/Al alloy and the refractory substrates was found to be greater than 90 and to gradually decrease with time. For two of the materials, it was found that the contact angles decreased to and angle less than 90 by the end of the two-hour test. For the third material, the contact angle was still greater than 90 at the conclusion of the two-hour test. The difference in wetting properties among the three types of refractories is attributed to their microstructural and compositional variations. The effect of magnesium in the molten Al alloy drops on the wetting kinetics and the reaction with the refractory substrates are also discussed. The results obtained provide important understanding of the wetting and corrosion mechanisms of alumina and silicon carbide materials in contact with molten aluminum.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. ORNL
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
931047
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 31st International Cocoa Beach Conference on Advanced Ceramics & Composites, Daytona Beach, FL, USA, 20070121, 20070121
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALLOYS; ALUMINIUM; CARBIDES; CERAMICS; CORROSION; GEOMETRY; KINETICS; MAGNESIUM; REFRACTORIES; SILICON CARBIDES; SUBSTRATES; COMPOSITE MATERIALS

Citation Formats

Hemrick, James Gordon, Xu, Jing, Peters, Klaus-Markus, Liu, Xingbo, and Barbero, Ever J. Wetting and Reaction Characteristics of Al2O3/SiC Composite Refractories By Molten Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Hemrick, James Gordon, Xu, Jing, Peters, Klaus-Markus, Liu, Xingbo, & Barbero, Ever J. Wetting and Reaction Characteristics of Al2O3/SiC Composite Refractories By Molten Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy. United States.
Hemrick, James Gordon, Xu, Jing, Peters, Klaus-Markus, Liu, Xingbo, and Barbero, Ever J. Mon . "Wetting and Reaction Characteristics of Al2O3/SiC Composite Refractories By Molten Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_931047,
title = {Wetting and Reaction Characteristics of Al2O3/SiC Composite Refractories By Molten Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy},
author = {Hemrick, James Gordon and Xu, Jing and Peters, Klaus-Markus and Liu, Xingbo and Barbero, Ever J},
abstractNote = {The reactive wetting behavior in molten aluminum (Al) and Al alloy was investigated for alumina-silicon carbide composite refractory materials using an optimized sessile drop method at 900oC in a purified Ar-4% H2 atmosphere. The time dependent behavior of the contact angle and drop geometry was monitored and the wetting kinetics were determined. The initial contact angle between the liquid Al/Al alloy and the refractory substrates was found to be greater than 90 and to gradually decrease with time. For two of the materials, it was found that the contact angles decreased to and angle less than 90 by the end of the two-hour test. For the third material, the contact angle was still greater than 90 at the conclusion of the two-hour test. The difference in wetting properties among the three types of refractories is attributed to their microstructural and compositional variations. The effect of magnesium in the molten Al alloy drops on the wetting kinetics and the reaction with the refractory substrates are also discussed. The results obtained provide important understanding of the wetting and corrosion mechanisms of alumina and silicon carbide materials in contact with molten aluminum.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

Conference:
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