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Title: Recent Progress in Studies of Nanostructured Impurity-helium Solids

Abstract

Impurity-helium (Im-He) solids are porous materials formed inside superfluid {sup 4}He by nanoclusters of impurities injected from the gas phase. The results of studies of these materials have relevance to soft condensed matter physics, matrix isolation of free radicals and low temperature chemistry. Recent studies by a variety of experimental techniques, including CW and pulse ESR, X-ray diffraction, ultrasound and Raman spectroscopy allow a better characterization of the properties of Im-He solids. The structure of Im-He solids, the trapping sites of stabilized atoms and the possible energy content of the samples are analyzed on the basis of experimental data. The kinetics of exchange tunneling reactions of hydrogen isotopes in nanoclusters and the changes of environment of the atoms during the course of these reactions are reviewed. Analysis of the ESR data shows that very large fraction of the stabilized atoms in Im-He solids reside on the surfaces of impurity nanoclusters. The future directions for studying Im-He solids are described. Among the most attractive are the studies of Im-He solids with high concentrations of stabilized atoms at ultralow (10-20 mK) temperature for the observation of new collective quantum phenomena, the studies of practical application of Im-He solids as a medium inmore » neutron moderator for efficient production of ultracold (-1 mK) neutrons, and the possibilities of obtaining high concentration of atomic nitrogen embedded in N{sub 2} clusters for energy storage.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
930538
Report Number(s):
BNL-80605-2008-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2291; JLTPAC; TRN: US0901410
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Low Temperature Physics; Journal Volume: 148; Journal Issue: 1-2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ATOMS; CHEMISTRY; ENERGY STORAGE; HELIUM 4; HYDROGEN ISOTOPES; IMPURITIES; KINETICS; MATRIX ISOLATION; MODERATORS; NEUTRONS; NITROGEN; PHYSICS; POROUS MATERIALS; PRODUCTION; RADICALS; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0000-0013 K; TRAPPING; TUNNELING; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; national synchrotron light source

Citation Formats

Khmelenko,V., Kunttu, H., and Lee, D.. Recent Progress in Studies of Nanostructured Impurity-helium Solids. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1007/s10909-007-9353-6.
Khmelenko,V., Kunttu, H., & Lee, D.. Recent Progress in Studies of Nanostructured Impurity-helium Solids. United States. doi:10.1007/s10909-007-9353-6.
Khmelenko,V., Kunttu, H., and Lee, D.. Mon . "Recent Progress in Studies of Nanostructured Impurity-helium Solids". United States. doi:10.1007/s10909-007-9353-6.
@article{osti_930538,
title = {Recent Progress in Studies of Nanostructured Impurity-helium Solids},
author = {Khmelenko,V. and Kunttu, H. and Lee, D.},
abstractNote = {Impurity-helium (Im-He) solids are porous materials formed inside superfluid {sup 4}He by nanoclusters of impurities injected from the gas phase. The results of studies of these materials have relevance to soft condensed matter physics, matrix isolation of free radicals and low temperature chemistry. Recent studies by a variety of experimental techniques, including CW and pulse ESR, X-ray diffraction, ultrasound and Raman spectroscopy allow a better characterization of the properties of Im-He solids. The structure of Im-He solids, the trapping sites of stabilized atoms and the possible energy content of the samples are analyzed on the basis of experimental data. The kinetics of exchange tunneling reactions of hydrogen isotopes in nanoclusters and the changes of environment of the atoms during the course of these reactions are reviewed. Analysis of the ESR data shows that very large fraction of the stabilized atoms in Im-He solids reside on the surfaces of impurity nanoclusters. The future directions for studying Im-He solids are described. Among the most attractive are the studies of Im-He solids with high concentrations of stabilized atoms at ultralow (10-20 mK) temperature for the observation of new collective quantum phenomena, the studies of practical application of Im-He solids as a medium in neutron moderator for efficient production of ultracold (-1 mK) neutrons, and the possibilities of obtaining high concentration of atomic nitrogen embedded in N{sub 2} clusters for energy storage.},
doi = {10.1007/s10909-007-9353-6},
journal = {Journal of Low Temperature Physics},
number = 1-2,
volume = 148,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}