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Title: LeuT-Desipramine Structure Reveals How Antidepressants Block Neurotransmitter Reuptake

Abstract

Tricyclic antidepressants exert their pharmacological effect -- inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine -- by directly blocking neurotransmitter transporters (SERT, NET, and DAT, respectively) in the presynaptic membrane. The drug-binding site and the mechanism of this inhibition are poorly understood. We determined the crystal structure at 2.9 angstroms of the bacterial leucine transporter (LeuT), a homolog of SERT, NET, and DAT, in complex with leucine and the antidepressant desipramine. Desipramine binds at the inner end of the extracellular cavity of the transporter and is held in place by a hairpin loop and by a salt bridge. This binding site is separated from the leucine-binding site by the extracellular gate of the transporter. By directly locking the gate, desipramine prevents conformational changes and blocks substrate transport. Mutagenesis experiments on human SERT and DAT indicate that both the desipramine-binding site and its inhibition mechanism are probably conserved in the human neurotransmitter transporters.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
930532
Report Number(s):
BNL-80564-2008-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0193-4511; SCEHDK; TRN: US200904%%772
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Science; Journal Volume: 317
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANTIDEPRESSANTS; CONFORMATIONAL CHANGES; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; DOPAMINE; LEUCINE; MUTAGENESIS; NORADRENALINE; SEROTONIN; SUBSTRATES; national synchrotron light source

Citation Formats

Zhou,Z., Zhen, J., Karpowich, N., Goetz, R., Law, C., Reith, M., and Wang, D.. LeuT-Desipramine Structure Reveals How Antidepressants Block Neurotransmitter Reuptake. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1126/science.1147614.
Zhou,Z., Zhen, J., Karpowich, N., Goetz, R., Law, C., Reith, M., & Wang, D.. LeuT-Desipramine Structure Reveals How Antidepressants Block Neurotransmitter Reuptake. United States. doi:10.1126/science.1147614.
Zhou,Z., Zhen, J., Karpowich, N., Goetz, R., Law, C., Reith, M., and Wang, D.. Mon . "LeuT-Desipramine Structure Reveals How Antidepressants Block Neurotransmitter Reuptake". United States. doi:10.1126/science.1147614.
@article{osti_930532,
title = {LeuT-Desipramine Structure Reveals How Antidepressants Block Neurotransmitter Reuptake},
author = {Zhou,Z. and Zhen, J. and Karpowich, N. and Goetz, R. and Law, C. and Reith, M. and Wang, D.},
abstractNote = {Tricyclic antidepressants exert their pharmacological effect -- inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine -- by directly blocking neurotransmitter transporters (SERT, NET, and DAT, respectively) in the presynaptic membrane. The drug-binding site and the mechanism of this inhibition are poorly understood. We determined the crystal structure at 2.9 angstroms of the bacterial leucine transporter (LeuT), a homolog of SERT, NET, and DAT, in complex with leucine and the antidepressant desipramine. Desipramine binds at the inner end of the extracellular cavity of the transporter and is held in place by a hairpin loop and by a salt bridge. This binding site is separated from the leucine-binding site by the extracellular gate of the transporter. By directly locking the gate, desipramine prevents conformational changes and blocks substrate transport. Mutagenesis experiments on human SERT and DAT indicate that both the desipramine-binding site and its inhibition mechanism are probably conserved in the human neurotransmitter transporters.},
doi = {10.1126/science.1147614},
journal = {Science},
number = ,
volume = 317,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}