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Title: Substrate Surface Energy Dependent Morphology and Dewetting in an ABC Triblock Copolymer Film

Abstract

A gradient combinatorial approach was used to examine the effect of substrate surface energy on the morphology and stability of films of a poly(isoprene-b-styrene-b-ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer that exhibits an alternating gyroid morphology in the bulk. Atomic force microscopy data across our surface energy (water contact angle) library suggest a transformation to predominantly surface parallel lamellae with an antisymmetric ordering. For substrate water contact angles below 70{sup o} the film exhibited autophobic dewetting from an adsorbed half-period triblock copolymer monolayer at longer annealing times. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure analysis along gradient specimens indicated that the substrate surface energy governed the composition profile of the monolayer, and this variation in chemical expression was key to whether the film was stable or autophobically dewet. These observations demonstrate that enthalpic interactions, in addition to entropic considerations, can play a major role in autophobic dewetting of block copolymer films.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
930342
Report Number(s):
BNL-81055-2008-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0743-7463; LANGD5; TRN: US200904%%522
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Langmuir; Journal Volume: 23
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COPOLYMERS; FILMS; SURFACE PROPERTIES; WETTABILITY; SUBSTRATES; MORPHOLOGY; POLYISOPRENE; POLYETHYLENE GLYCOLS; POLYSTYRENE; national synchrotron light source

Citation Formats

Epps,T., DeLongchamp, D., Fasolka, M., Fischer, D., and Jablonski, E. Substrate Surface Energy Dependent Morphology and Dewetting in an ABC Triblock Copolymer Film. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1021/la062707q.
Epps,T., DeLongchamp, D., Fasolka, M., Fischer, D., & Jablonski, E. Substrate Surface Energy Dependent Morphology and Dewetting in an ABC Triblock Copolymer Film. United States. doi:10.1021/la062707q.
Epps,T., DeLongchamp, D., Fasolka, M., Fischer, D., and Jablonski, E. Mon . "Substrate Surface Energy Dependent Morphology and Dewetting in an ABC Triblock Copolymer Film". United States. doi:10.1021/la062707q.
@article{osti_930342,
title = {Substrate Surface Energy Dependent Morphology and Dewetting in an ABC Triblock Copolymer Film},
author = {Epps,T. and DeLongchamp, D. and Fasolka, M. and Fischer, D. and Jablonski, E.},
abstractNote = {A gradient combinatorial approach was used to examine the effect of substrate surface energy on the morphology and stability of films of a poly(isoprene-b-styrene-b-ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer that exhibits an alternating gyroid morphology in the bulk. Atomic force microscopy data across our surface energy (water contact angle) library suggest a transformation to predominantly surface parallel lamellae with an antisymmetric ordering. For substrate water contact angles below 70{sup o} the film exhibited autophobic dewetting from an adsorbed half-period triblock copolymer monolayer at longer annealing times. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure analysis along gradient specimens indicated that the substrate surface energy governed the composition profile of the monolayer, and this variation in chemical expression was key to whether the film was stable or autophobically dewet. These observations demonstrate that enthalpic interactions, in addition to entropic considerations, can play a major role in autophobic dewetting of block copolymer films.},
doi = {10.1021/la062707q},
journal = {Langmuir},
number = ,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}
  • The thermo-responsive behavior of polymer films consisting of novel linear triblock copolymers of poly(n-butyl methacrylate)-poly(methyl methacrylate)-poly(2-fluoroethyl methacrylate) (PnBuMA-PMMA-P2FEMA) are reported using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), atomic forcing microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contacting angle (CA) measurements. The surface morphology, wettability and chemical structure of thin films of these triblock copolymers on silicon wafers as a function of temperature have been investigated. It has been shown that the wettability of the films is thermally switchable. Detailed structural analysis shows that thermo-responsive surface composition changes are produced. The underlying mechanism of the thermoresponsive behavior is discussed.
  • Here, we investigated, via small angle X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy, the morphologies of binary blend of polyisoprene- b-polystyrene- b-poly(2-vinylpyridine) (ISP) triblock terpolymer and polyisoprene-b-polystyrene (IS) diblock copolymer. An asymmetric ISP with volume fractions ( f) of 0.12, 0.75, and 0.13 for PI, PS, and P2VP blocks, respectively, showed a new morphology: Coexistence of spheres and cylinders with tetragonal packing. Asymmetric IS with f I = 0.11 and f S =0.89 showed conventional body-centered cubic spherical microdomains. Very interestingly, a binary blend of ISP and IS with overall volume fractions of f I = 0.12, f S = 0.79,more » and f P = 0.09 exhibited core-shell double gyroid (CSG: Q 230 space group), where PI consists of thin core and PS forms thick shell, while P2VP becomes thin matrix. It is very unusual to form highly asymmetric CSG with the matrix having very small volume fraction (0.09).« less
  • No abstract prepared.
  • Two symmetric triblock polystyrene-butadiene-polystyrene (SBS) copolymers with different initial morphologies were grafted with varying amounts of isobutyl-substituted polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) molecules. The POSS octamers, R{prime}R{sub 7}Si{sub 8}O{sub 12}, were designed to contain a single silane functional group, R{prime}, which was used to graft onto the dangling 1,2-butadienes in the polybutadiene block and seven identical organic groups, R = isobutyl (iBu). Morphology and phase transitions of these iBu-POSS-modified SBS were investigated using small-angle X-ray scattering and rheological methods. It was observed that when iBu-POSS was grafted to the butadiene segment, the long-range and local order of the morphology were preserved,more » and the d-spacing showed a small, systematic increase with increasing POSS content. These observations suggest that grafted iBu-POSS were well-distributed within the butadiene domains and did not interact with the styrene domains; effectively, grafting of iBu-POSS to butadiene did not affect the segregation between butadiene and styrene domains. However, addition of iBu-POSS reduces the overall polystyrene volume. Consequently, from a morphology standpoint, this modification effectively shifts the phase diagram to lower styrene content. This was supported with SAXS and transition temperatures measurements made from the different host morphologies.« less