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Title: Texture and Anisotropy of Polycrystalline Piezoelectics

Abstract

Piezoelectricity is manifested in ferroelectric ceramics by inducing a preferred volume fraction of one ferroelectric domain variant orientation at the expense of degenerate orientations. The piezoelectric effect is therefore largely controlled by the effectiveness of the electrical poling in producing a bias in ferroelectric (180{sup o}) and ferroelastic (non-180{sup o}) domain orientations. Further enhancement of the piezoelectric effect in bulk ceramics can be accomplished by inducing preferred orientation through grain-orientation processes such as hot forging or tape casting that precede the electrical-poling process. Coupled crystal orientation and domain orientation processing yields ceramics with an even greater piezoelectric response. In this paper, preferred orientations of domains and grains in polycrystalline piezoelectric ceramics generated through both domain- and grain-orientation processing are characterized through pole figures and orientation distribution functions obtained using data from a variety of diffraction techniques. The processing methods used to produce these materials and the methods used to evaluate preferred orientation and texture are described and discussed in the context of prior research. Different sample and crystal symmetries are explored across a range of commercial and laboratory-prepared materials. Some of the variables presented in this work include the effects of in situ thermal depoling and the detailed processing parametersmore » used in tape casting of materials with preferred crystallite orientations. Preferred orientation is also correlated with anisotropic properties, demonstrating a clear influence of both grain and domain orientations on piezoelectricity.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
930004
Report Number(s):
BNL-80617-2008-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7820; JACTAW; TRN: US200822%%1157
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of the American Ceramic Society; Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 8
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANISOTROPY; CASTING; CERAMICS; CRYSTALS; DIFFRACTION; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; FORGING; GRAIN ORIENTATION; MATERIALS; ORIENTATION; PIEZOELECTRICITY; PROCESSING; TEXTURE; VOLUME; national synchrotron light source

Citation Formats

Jones,J., Iverson, B., and Bowman, K. Texture and Anisotropy of Polycrystalline Piezoelectics. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2007.01820.x.
Jones,J., Iverson, B., & Bowman, K. Texture and Anisotropy of Polycrystalline Piezoelectics. United States. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2007.01820.x.
Jones,J., Iverson, B., and Bowman, K. Mon . "Texture and Anisotropy of Polycrystalline Piezoelectics". United States. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2007.01820.x.
@article{osti_930004,
title = {Texture and Anisotropy of Polycrystalline Piezoelectics},
author = {Jones,J. and Iverson, B. and Bowman, K.},
abstractNote = {Piezoelectricity is manifested in ferroelectric ceramics by inducing a preferred volume fraction of one ferroelectric domain variant orientation at the expense of degenerate orientations. The piezoelectric effect is therefore largely controlled by the effectiveness of the electrical poling in producing a bias in ferroelectric (180{sup o}) and ferroelastic (non-180{sup o}) domain orientations. Further enhancement of the piezoelectric effect in bulk ceramics can be accomplished by inducing preferred orientation through grain-orientation processes such as hot forging or tape casting that precede the electrical-poling process. Coupled crystal orientation and domain orientation processing yields ceramics with an even greater piezoelectric response. In this paper, preferred orientations of domains and grains in polycrystalline piezoelectric ceramics generated through both domain- and grain-orientation processing are characterized through pole figures and orientation distribution functions obtained using data from a variety of diffraction techniques. The processing methods used to produce these materials and the methods used to evaluate preferred orientation and texture are described and discussed in the context of prior research. Different sample and crystal symmetries are explored across a range of commercial and laboratory-prepared materials. Some of the variables presented in this work include the effects of in situ thermal depoling and the detailed processing parameters used in tape casting of materials with preferred crystallite orientations. Preferred orientation is also correlated with anisotropic properties, demonstrating a clear influence of both grain and domain orientations on piezoelectricity.},
doi = {10.1111/j.1551-2916.2007.01820.x},
journal = {Journal of the American Ceramic Society},
number = 8,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}