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Title: Titanium Dioxide Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties,Modifications, and Applications

Abstract

No abstract prepared.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley NationalLaboratory, Berkeley, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
929096
Report Number(s):
LBNL-59769
Journal ID: ISSN 0009-2665; CHREAY; R&D Project: 000000; TRN: US200812%%606
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Chemical Reviews; Journal Volume: 107; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 2007
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25; MODIFICATIONS; SYNTHESIS; TITANIUM

Citation Formats

Chen, Xiaobo, and Mao, Samuel S. Titanium Dioxide Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties,Modifications, and Applications. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1021/cr0500535.
Chen, Xiaobo, & Mao, Samuel S. Titanium Dioxide Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties,Modifications, and Applications. United States. doi:10.1021/cr0500535.
Chen, Xiaobo, and Mao, Samuel S. Tue . "Titanium Dioxide Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties,Modifications, and Applications". United States. doi:10.1021/cr0500535.
@article{osti_929096,
title = {Titanium Dioxide Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties,Modifications, and Applications},
author = {Chen, Xiaobo and Mao, Samuel S.},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {10.1021/cr0500535},
journal = {Chemical Reviews},
number = ,
volume = 107,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}
  • Graphical abstract: Due to combining different functions and characteristics of individual materials, hybrid nanocomposite materials can strengthen their applications. Magnetic-conductive nanocomposites are the promising materials with electromagnetic loss, which have synergetic behavior between magnetic and conductive materials. It is the first time to report the synthesis of BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19}/titanium dioxide (BF/TD) composites by the gel-precursor self-propagating combustion process. The influence of mass ratio of BF and TD on the electromagnetic properties of BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19}/titanium dioxide composites was studied. The tgδ{sub μ} and tgδ{sub ε} of BF–TD composites. - Highlights: • It is the first time tomore » report BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19}/titanium dioxide composites. • The composites are prepared by the gel-precursor self-propagating combustion. • The electromagnetic properties could be adjusted by the mass ratio of BF and TD. • The introduction of TD enhances the dielectric loss and widens the frequency bands. • BF/TD composites will be microwave absorption materials with wide frequency band. - Abstract: Doped BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19}/titanium dioxide composites have been prepared by the gel-precursor self-propagating combustion process. The characterization of the composites are performed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential thermal analysis-thermo gravimetry (DTA–TG), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and network analyzer. Both XRD and FT-IR indicate that the doped BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19}/titanium dioxide composites are successfully synthesized and there are some interactions between BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19} and titanium dioxide. DTA–TG analysis of BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19}/titanium dioxide composites shows that the composite gel decomposition process mainly includes two stages: the first stage is the crystallized water and the residual moisture evaporation; the second stage is the nitrate and citric acid decomposition reaction. SEM demonstrates that the doped BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19}/titanium dioxide solid solution has formed. The magnetic parameters indicate that the electromagnetic properties of the composites could be well adjusted by the mass ratio of BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19} and titanium dioxide. When the mass ratio of BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19} and titanium dioxide is 4:5, the composites have the best magnetic loss. The composites with the mass ratio 6:5 of BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19} and titanium dioxide. BaFe{sub 11.92}(LaNd){sub 0.04}O{sub 19} and titanium dioxide possess good dielectric loss. The introduction of titanium dioxide enhances the dielectric loss and widens the frequency bands. The composites will be promising microwave absorption materials with wide frequency band.« less
  • Graphical abstract: Variation of dielectric constant with frequency for all the synthesized materials. - Highlights: • Hydrothermal method has been successfully employed to synthesize the zirconates. • XRD confirmed the formation of required phase. • Increased electrical resistivity makes these materials useful for microwave devices. • Dielectric parameters of zirconates decrease with increasing frequency. • Dielectric constant decreases with increasing substituents concentration. - Abstract: A hydrothermal method was successfully employed for the synthesis of a series of vanadium and germanium co-doped pyrochlore lanthanum zirconates with composition La{sub 2−x}V{sub x}Zr{sub 2−y}Ge{sub y}O{sub 7} (where x, y = 0.0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75more » and 1.0). The XRD and FTIR analyses confirmed the formation of single phase except vanadium and germanium substituted samples and the crystallite sizes are in the range of 7–31 nm for V{sup 3+}–Ge{sup 4+} substituted samples. The theoretical compositions are confirmed by the ED-XRF studies. The room temperature electrical resistivity increase with the substituents concentration which suggests that the synthesized materials can be used for microwave devices as such devices required highly resistive materials. Dielectric properties were measured in the frequency range of 6 kHz to 1 MHz. The dielectric parameters decrease with increase in frequency. The DC resistivity data is in good agreement with the dielectric data.« less