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Title: Structures and solution properties of two novel periplasmic sensor domains with c-type heme from chemotaxis proteins of Geobacter sulfurreducens : implications for signal transduction.

Abstract

Periplasmic sensor domains from two methyl-accepting chemotaxis proteins from Geobacter sulfurreducens (encoded by genes GSU0935 and GSU0582) were expressed in Escherichia coli. The sensor domains were isolated, purified, characterized in solution, and their crystal structures were determined. In the crystal, both sensor domains form swapped dimers and show a PAS-type fold. The swapped segment consists of two helices of about 45 residues at the N terminus with the hemes located between the two monomers. In the case of the GSU0582 sensor, the dimer contains a crystallographic 2-fold symmetry and the heme is coordinated by an axial His and a water molecule. In the case of the GSU0935 sensor, the crystals contain a non-crystallographic dimer, and surprisingly, the coordination of the heme in each monomer is different; monomer A heme has His-Met ligation and monomer B heme has His-water ligation as found in the GSU0582 sensor. The structures of these sensor domains are the first structures of PAS domains containing covalently bound heme. Optical absorption, electron paramagnetic resonance and NMR spectroscopy have revealed that the heme groups of both sensor domains are high-spin and low-spin in the oxidized and reduced forms, respectively, and that the spin-state interconversion involves a heme axialmore » ligand replacement. Both sensor domains bind NO in their ferric and ferrous forms but bind CO only in the reduced form. The binding of both NO and CO occurs via an axial ligand exchange process, and is fully reversible. The reduction potentials of the sensor domains differ by 95 mV (-156 mV and -251 mV for sensors GSU0582 and GSU0935, respectively). The swapped dimerization of these sensor domains and redox-linked ligand switch might be related to the mechanism of signal transduction by these chemotaxis proteins.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Technological
OSTI Identifier:
927996
Report Number(s):
ANL/BIO/JA-60901
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2836; JMOBAK; TRN: US200816%%974
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Mol. Biol.; Journal Volume: 377; Journal Issue: 5 ; Apr. 11, 2008
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; DIMERIZATION; DIMERS; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; ESCHERICHIA COLI; GENES; HEME; ION EXCHANGE; LIGANDS; MONOMERS; PROTEINS; RESIDUES; SPECTROSCOPY; SYMMETRY; WATER

Citation Formats

Pokkuluri, P. R., Pessanha, M., Londer, Y. Y., Wood, S. J., Duke, N. E. C., Wilton, R., Catarino, T., Salgueiro, C. A., Schiffer, M., Biosciences Division, Univ.Nova de Lisboa, and Insti. de Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica. Structures and solution properties of two novel periplasmic sensor domains with c-type heme from chemotaxis proteins of Geobacter sulfurreducens : implications for signal transduction.. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2008.01.087.
Pokkuluri, P. R., Pessanha, M., Londer, Y. Y., Wood, S. J., Duke, N. E. C., Wilton, R., Catarino, T., Salgueiro, C. A., Schiffer, M., Biosciences Division, Univ.Nova de Lisboa, & Insti. de Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica. Structures and solution properties of two novel periplasmic sensor domains with c-type heme from chemotaxis proteins of Geobacter sulfurreducens : implications for signal transduction.. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2008.01.087.
Pokkuluri, P. R., Pessanha, M., Londer, Y. Y., Wood, S. J., Duke, N. E. C., Wilton, R., Catarino, T., Salgueiro, C. A., Schiffer, M., Biosciences Division, Univ.Nova de Lisboa, and Insti. de Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica. 2008. "Structures and solution properties of two novel periplasmic sensor domains with c-type heme from chemotaxis proteins of Geobacter sulfurreducens : implications for signal transduction.". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2008.01.087.
@article{osti_927996,
title = {Structures and solution properties of two novel periplasmic sensor domains with c-type heme from chemotaxis proteins of Geobacter sulfurreducens : implications for signal transduction.},
author = {Pokkuluri, P. R. and Pessanha, M. and Londer, Y. Y. and Wood, S. J. and Duke, N. E. C. and Wilton, R. and Catarino, T. and Salgueiro, C. A. and Schiffer, M. and Biosciences Division and Univ.Nova de Lisboa and Insti. de Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica},
abstractNote = {Periplasmic sensor domains from two methyl-accepting chemotaxis proteins from Geobacter sulfurreducens (encoded by genes GSU0935 and GSU0582) were expressed in Escherichia coli. The sensor domains were isolated, purified, characterized in solution, and their crystal structures were determined. In the crystal, both sensor domains form swapped dimers and show a PAS-type fold. The swapped segment consists of two helices of about 45 residues at the N terminus with the hemes located between the two monomers. In the case of the GSU0582 sensor, the dimer contains a crystallographic 2-fold symmetry and the heme is coordinated by an axial His and a water molecule. In the case of the GSU0935 sensor, the crystals contain a non-crystallographic dimer, and surprisingly, the coordination of the heme in each monomer is different; monomer A heme has His-Met ligation and monomer B heme has His-water ligation as found in the GSU0582 sensor. The structures of these sensor domains are the first structures of PAS domains containing covalently bound heme. Optical absorption, electron paramagnetic resonance and NMR spectroscopy have revealed that the heme groups of both sensor domains are high-spin and low-spin in the oxidized and reduced forms, respectively, and that the spin-state interconversion involves a heme axial ligand replacement. Both sensor domains bind NO in their ferric and ferrous forms but bind CO only in the reduced form. The binding of both NO and CO occurs via an axial ligand exchange process, and is fully reversible. The reduction potentials of the sensor domains differ by 95 mV (-156 mV and -251 mV for sensors GSU0582 and GSU0935, respectively). The swapped dimerization of these sensor domains and redox-linked ligand switch might be related to the mechanism of signal transduction by these chemotaxis proteins.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jmb.2008.01.087},
journal = {J. Mol. Biol.},
number = 5 ; Apr. 11, 2008,
volume = 377,
place = {United States},
year = 2008,
month = 4
}
  • We report the structural and biochemical characterization of a novel periplasmic ligand-binding protein, Dret_0059, from Desulfohalobium retbaense DSM 5692, an organism isolated from the Salt Lake Retba in Senegal. The structure of the protein consists of a unique combination of a periplasmic solute binding protein (SBP) domain at the N-terminal and a tandem PAS-like sensor domain at the C-terminal region. SBP domains are found ubiquitously and their best known function is in solute transport across membranes. PAS-like sensor domains are commonly found in signal transduction proteins. These domains are widely observed as parts of many protein architectures and complexes butmore » have not been observed previously within the same polypeptide chain. In the structure of Dret_0059, a ketoleucine moiety is bound to the SBP, whereas a cytosine molecule is bound in the distal PAS-like domain of the tandem PAS-like domain. Differential scanning flourimetry support the binding of ligands observed in the crystal structure. There is significant interaction between the SBP and tandem PAS-like domains, and it is possible that the binding of one ligand could have an effect on the binding of the other. We uncovered three other proteins with this structural architecture in the non-redundant sequence data base, and predict that they too bind the same substrates. The genomic context of this protein did not offer any clues for its function. We did not find any biological process in which the two observed ligands are coupled. The protein Dret_0059 could be involved in either signal transduction or solute transport.« less
  • A family of triheme cytochromes from Geobacter sulfurreducens plays an important role in extracellular electron transfer. In addition to their role in electron transfer pathways, two members of this family (PpcA and PpcD) were also found to be able to couple e(-)/H+ transfer through the redox Bohr effect observed in the physiological pH range, a feature not observed for cytochromes PpcB and PpcE. In attempting to understand the molecular control of the redox Bohr effect in this family of cytochromes, which is highly homologous both in amino acid sequence and structures, it was observed that residue 6 is a conservedmore » leucine in PpcA and PpcD, whereas in the other two characterized members (PpcB and PpcE) the equivalent residue is a phenylalanine. To determine the role of this residue located close to the redox Bohr center, we replaced Leu(6) in PpcA with Phe and determined the redox properties of the mutant, as well as its solution structure in the fully reduced state. In contrast with the native form, the mutant PpcAL6F is not able to couple the e(-)/H+ pathway. We carried out the reverse mutation in PpcB and PpcE (i.e., replacing Phe(6) in these two proteins by leucine) and the mutated proteins showed an increased redox Bohr effect. The results clearly establish the role of residue 6 in the control of the redox Bohr effect in this family of cytochromes, a feature that could enable the rational design of G. sulfurreducens strains that carry mutant cytochromes with an optimal redox Bohr effect that would be suitable for various biotechnological applications.« less
  • PpcA, a tri-heme cytochrome c7 from Geobacter sulfurreducens was investigated as a model for photosensitizer-initiated electron transfer within a multi-heme "molecular wire" protein architecture. E. coli expression of PpcA was found to be tolerant of cysteine site-directed mutagenesis, demonstrated by the successful expression of natively folded proteins bearing cysteine mutations at a series of sites selected to vary characteristically with respect to the three -CXXCH- heme binding domains. A preliminary survey of 5 selected mutants found that the introduced cysteines can be readily covalently linked to a Ru(II)-(2,2'-bpy)2(4-bromomethyl-4’-methyl-2,2'-bpy) photosensitizer (where bpy = bipyridine), and that the linked constructs support bothmore » photo-oxidative and photo-reductive quenching of the photosensitizer excited-state, depending upon the initial heme redox state. For photo-oxidative electron transfer, apparent heme reduction risetimes were found to vary from 7 x 10-12 s to 5 x 10-8 s, depending upon the site of photosensitizer linking. The excited-state electron transfers are about 103-fold faster than any previously reported photosensitizer-redox protein covalently linked construct. Preliminary conformational analysis using molecular dynamics simulations shows that rates for electron transfer track both the distance and pathways for electron transfer. Two mutants with the fastest charge transfer rates, A23C and K29C, showed a significant role of specific paths for electron transfer. While K29C labeled mutant was expected to have approximately 0.8Å greater donor-acceptor distance, it showed 20-fold faster charge separation rate. Clear evidence for inter-heme electron transfer within the multi-heme protein is not detected within the lifetimes of the charge separated states. These results demonstrate an opportunity to develop multi-heme c-cytochromes for investigation of electron transfer in protein "molecular wires" and to serve as frameworks for metalloprotein designs that support multiple electron transfer redox chemistry.« less
  • The structure of a cytochrome c(7) (PpcA) from Geobacter sulfurreducens was determined by X-ray diffraction at 1.45 A resolution; the R factor is 18.2%. The protein contains a three-heme core that is surrounded by 71 amino acid residues. An unusual feature of this cytochrome is that it has 17 lysine residues, but only nine hydrophobic residues that are larger than alanine. The details of the structure are described and compared with those of cytochrome c(7) from Desulfuromonas acetoxidans and with cytochromes c(3). The two cytochrome c(7) molecules have sequences that are 46% identical, but the arrangements of the hemes inmore » the two structures differ; the rms deviation of all alpha-carbons is 2.5 A. These cytochromes can reduce various metal ions. The reduction site of the chromate ion in D. acetoxidans is occupied by a sulfate ion in the crystal structure of PpcA. We identified four additional homologues of cytochrome c(7) in the G. sulfurreducens genome and three polymers of c(7)-type domains. Of the polymers, two have four repeats and one has nine repeats. On the basis of sequence alignments, one of the hemes in each of the cytochrome c(7)-type domains does not have the bis-histidine coordination. The packing of the molecules in the crystal structure of PpcA suggests that the polymers have an elongated conformation and might form a 'nanowire'.« less