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Title: Effect of Electrode Composition and Microstructure on Impedancemetric Nitric Oxide Sensors based on YSZ Electrolyte

Abstract

The role of metal (Au, Pt, and Ag) electrodes in YSZ electrolyte-based impedancemetric nitric oxide (NO) sensors is investigated using impedance spectroscopy and equivalent circuit analysis. The test cell consists of a rectangular block of porous YSZ with two metal wire loop electrodes, both exposed to the same atmosphere. Of the electrode materials, only Au was sensitive to changes in NO concentration. The impedance behavior of porous Au electrodes in a slightly different configuration was compared with dense Au electrodes and was also insensitive to NO. Ag showed no sensitivity to either O{sub 2} or NO, and the measured impedances occurred at frequencies > 10 kHz, which are typically associated with ionic conduction in YSZ. Pt and porous Au showed sensitivity to O{sub 2}, which was quantified using power-law exponents that suggest electrochemical rate-determining mechanisms occurring at the triple phase boundary. The behavior of the dense Au suggests different rate-determining processes (e.g., diffusion or adsorption) for the O{sub 2} reaction. Although the exact mechanism is not determined, the composition and microstructure of the metal electrode seem to alter the rate-limiting step of the interfering O{sub 2} reaction. Impedance behavior of the O{sub 2} reaction that is limited by processes occurringmore » away from the triple phase boundary may be crucial for impedancemetric NO sensing.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
926046
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JRNL-229831
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651; JESOAN; TRN: US200807%%482
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 155, no. 1, January 1, 2008, J32-J40; Journal Volume: 155; Journal Issue: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ADSORPTION; CONFIGURATION; DIFFUSION; ELECTRODES; ELECTROLYTES; EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS; IMPEDANCE; MICROSTRUCTURE; NITRIC OXIDE; SENSITIVITY; SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Woo, L Y, Martin, L P, Glass, R S, Wang, W, Jung, S, Gorte, R J, Murray, E P, Novak, R F, and Visser, J H. Effect of Electrode Composition and Microstructure on Impedancemetric Nitric Oxide Sensors based on YSZ Electrolyte. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Woo, L Y, Martin, L P, Glass, R S, Wang, W, Jung, S, Gorte, R J, Murray, E P, Novak, R F, & Visser, J H. Effect of Electrode Composition and Microstructure on Impedancemetric Nitric Oxide Sensors based on YSZ Electrolyte. United States.
Woo, L Y, Martin, L P, Glass, R S, Wang, W, Jung, S, Gorte, R J, Murray, E P, Novak, R F, and Visser, J H. Mon . "Effect of Electrode Composition and Microstructure on Impedancemetric Nitric Oxide Sensors based on YSZ Electrolyte". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/926046.
@article{osti_926046,
title = {Effect of Electrode Composition and Microstructure on Impedancemetric Nitric Oxide Sensors based on YSZ Electrolyte},
author = {Woo, L Y and Martin, L P and Glass, R S and Wang, W and Jung, S and Gorte, R J and Murray, E P and Novak, R F and Visser, J H},
abstractNote = {The role of metal (Au, Pt, and Ag) electrodes in YSZ electrolyte-based impedancemetric nitric oxide (NO) sensors is investigated using impedance spectroscopy and equivalent circuit analysis. The test cell consists of a rectangular block of porous YSZ with two metal wire loop electrodes, both exposed to the same atmosphere. Of the electrode materials, only Au was sensitive to changes in NO concentration. The impedance behavior of porous Au electrodes in a slightly different configuration was compared with dense Au electrodes and was also insensitive to NO. Ag showed no sensitivity to either O{sub 2} or NO, and the measured impedances occurred at frequencies > 10 kHz, which are typically associated with ionic conduction in YSZ. Pt and porous Au showed sensitivity to O{sub 2}, which was quantified using power-law exponents that suggest electrochemical rate-determining mechanisms occurring at the triple phase boundary. The behavior of the dense Au suggests different rate-determining processes (e.g., diffusion or adsorption) for the O{sub 2} reaction. Although the exact mechanism is not determined, the composition and microstructure of the metal electrode seem to alter the rate-limiting step of the interfering O{sub 2} reaction. Impedance behavior of the O{sub 2} reaction that is limited by processes occurring away from the triple phase boundary may be crucial for impedancemetric NO sensing.},
doi = {},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 155, no. 1, January 1, 2008, J32-J40},
number = 1,
volume = 155,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Apr 02 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Mon Apr 02 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}