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Title: Feasibility of a Stack Integrated SOFC Optical Chemical Sensor

Abstract

The DOE-NETL Innovative Concepts (IC) phase II program investigated the feasibility of harsh environment compatible chemical sensors based on monitoring the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bands of metal nanoparticle doped YSZ nano-cermets, as a function of fuel concentrations, impurities e.g. CO and temperature(500-900 C). In particular, Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) exhibit a strong surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band whose shape and spectral position is not only highly dependent on the refractive index of the host medium but also on chemical reactions at the interface between the metal and the surrounding environment. Studies have been completed on the oxygen and temperature dependence of the SPR band of the AuNPs, CO sensing studies, oxygen/hydrogen titration experiments, ethanol sensing studies and finally NO{sub 2} sensing studies. Reversible changes in the SPR band are observed for all chemical exposure studies with the sensing mechanism being determined by the oxidative or reductive properties of the exposure gases. Reactions which remove charge from the AuNPs was observed to cause a redshift in the SPR band, while charge donation to the AuNPs causes a blue shift in the SPR band. CO, hydrogen and ethanol in air mixtures were all reductive in nature as they reacted with the YSZmore » bound oxygen anions forming CO{sub 2} or H{sub 2}O thus ultimately inducing charge donation to the AuNPs and a blue shift in the SPR band. While NO{sub 2} and oxygen were oxidative and induced the production of YSZ bound oxygen anions, charge removal from the AuNPs and a redshift in the SPR band.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
The Research Foundation Of SUNY
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
924880
DOE Contract Number:  
FG26-04NT42184
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; ANIONS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; ETHANOL; GASES; HYDROGEN; IMPURITIES; MIXTURES; MONITORING; OXYGEN; PLASMONS; REFRACTIVE INDEX; REMOVAL; RESONANCE; SHAPE; SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TITRATION

Citation Formats

Carpenter, Michael A. Feasibility of a Stack Integrated SOFC Optical Chemical Sensor. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2172/924880.
Carpenter, Michael A. Feasibility of a Stack Integrated SOFC Optical Chemical Sensor. United States. doi:10.2172/924880.
Carpenter, Michael A. Sun . "Feasibility of a Stack Integrated SOFC Optical Chemical Sensor". United States. doi:10.2172/924880. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/924880.
@article{osti_924880,
title = {Feasibility of a Stack Integrated SOFC Optical Chemical Sensor},
author = {Carpenter, Michael A},
abstractNote = {The DOE-NETL Innovative Concepts (IC) phase II program investigated the feasibility of harsh environment compatible chemical sensors based on monitoring the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bands of metal nanoparticle doped YSZ nano-cermets, as a function of fuel concentrations, impurities e.g. CO and temperature(500-900 C). In particular, Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) exhibit a strong surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band whose shape and spectral position is not only highly dependent on the refractive index of the host medium but also on chemical reactions at the interface between the metal and the surrounding environment. Studies have been completed on the oxygen and temperature dependence of the SPR band of the AuNPs, CO sensing studies, oxygen/hydrogen titration experiments, ethanol sensing studies and finally NO{sub 2} sensing studies. Reversible changes in the SPR band are observed for all chemical exposure studies with the sensing mechanism being determined by the oxidative or reductive properties of the exposure gases. Reactions which remove charge from the AuNPs was observed to cause a redshift in the SPR band, while charge donation to the AuNPs causes a blue shift in the SPR band. CO, hydrogen and ethanol in air mixtures were all reductive in nature as they reacted with the YSZ bound oxygen anions forming CO{sub 2} or H{sub 2}O thus ultimately inducing charge donation to the AuNPs and a blue shift in the SPR band. While NO{sub 2} and oxygen were oxidative and induced the production of YSZ bound oxygen anions, charge removal from the AuNPs and a redshift in the SPR band.},
doi = {10.2172/924880},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2007},
month = {9}
}