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Title: Investigation of the effects of intense pulsed particle beams on the durability of metal-to-plastic interfaces.

Abstract

We have investigated the potential for intense particle beam surface modification to improve the mechanical properties of materials commonly used in the human body for contact surfaces in, for example, hip and knee implants. The materials studied include Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE), Ti-6Al-4Al (titanium alloy), and Co-Cr-Mo alloy. Samples in flat form were exposed to both ion and electron beams (UHMWPE), and to ion beam treatment (metals). Post-analysis indicated a degradation in bulk properties of the UHMWPE, except in the case of the lightest ion fluence tested. A surface-alloyed Hf/Ti layer on the Ti-6Al-4V is found to improve surface wear durability, and have favorable biocompatibility. A promising nanolaminate ceramic coating is applied to the Co-Cr-Mo to improve surface hardness.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3];  [4]
  1. University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL
  2. University of California, San Diego, CA
  3. DePuy Orthopaedic, Inc., Warsaw, IN
  4. D. V. Efremov Scientific Research Institute of the Electrophysical Apparatus, St. Petersburg, Russia
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
922752
Report Number(s):
SAND2005-1080
TRN: US200806%%80
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; CERAMICS; COATINGS; ELECTRON BEAMS; HARDNESS; ION BEAMS; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; POLYETHYLENES; TITANIUM ALLOYS; ALUMINIUM ALLOYS; VANADIUM ALLOYS; COBALT ALLOYS; CHROMIUM ALLOYS; MOLYBDENUM ALLOYS; HAFNIUM; TITANIUM; INTERFACES; MATERIALS TESTING; IMPLANTS; Titanium alloys-Mechanical properties.; Plastics-Mechanical properties.; Composite materials-Mechanical properties.; Ceramic materials-Mechanical properties.; Mechanical properties.; Materials-Mechanical properties.

Citation Formats

Prasad, Somuri V, Renk, Timothy J, Provencio, Paula Polyak, Petersen, Donald W, Petersen, Thomas D, Buchheit, Thomas Edward, McNulty, Donald E, and Engelko, Vladimir. Investigation of the effects of intense pulsed particle beams on the durability of metal-to-plastic interfaces.. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.2172/922752.
Prasad, Somuri V, Renk, Timothy J, Provencio, Paula Polyak, Petersen, Donald W, Petersen, Thomas D, Buchheit, Thomas Edward, McNulty, Donald E, & Engelko, Vladimir. Investigation of the effects of intense pulsed particle beams on the durability of metal-to-plastic interfaces.. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/922752
Prasad, Somuri V, Renk, Timothy J, Provencio, Paula Polyak, Petersen, Donald W, Petersen, Thomas D, Buchheit, Thomas Edward, McNulty, Donald E, and Engelko, Vladimir. 2005. "Investigation of the effects of intense pulsed particle beams on the durability of metal-to-plastic interfaces.". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/922752. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/922752.
@article{osti_922752,
title = {Investigation of the effects of intense pulsed particle beams on the durability of metal-to-plastic interfaces.},
author = {Prasad, Somuri V and Renk, Timothy J and Provencio, Paula Polyak and Petersen, Donald W and Petersen, Thomas D and Buchheit, Thomas Edward and McNulty, Donald E and Engelko, Vladimir},
abstractNote = {We have investigated the potential for intense particle beam surface modification to improve the mechanical properties of materials commonly used in the human body for contact surfaces in, for example, hip and knee implants. The materials studied include Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE), Ti-6Al-4Al (titanium alloy), and Co-Cr-Mo alloy. Samples in flat form were exposed to both ion and electron beams (UHMWPE), and to ion beam treatment (metals). Post-analysis indicated a degradation in bulk properties of the UHMWPE, except in the case of the lightest ion fluence tested. A surface-alloyed Hf/Ti layer on the Ti-6Al-4V is found to improve surface wear durability, and have favorable biocompatibility. A promising nanolaminate ceramic coating is applied to the Co-Cr-Mo to improve surface hardness.},
doi = {10.2172/922752},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/922752}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2005},
month = {2}
}