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Title: Large batch dimensional metrology demonstrated in the example of a LIGA fabricated spring.

Abstract

Deep x-ray lithography in combination with electroforming is capable of producing high precision metal parts in small lot series. This study deals with a high aspect ratio structure with overall dimensions on the order of 10 mm x 7 mm x 1.5 mm, with the smallest line width being 150 {micro}m. The lateral deviation from the design is to be kept to a minimum, preferably below 5 {micro}m. To ensure adequate quality control, a semi-automated metrology technique has been established to measure all parts. While the paper will give a brief overview of all involved techniques, it focuses on the method to measure the top and bottom of the parts and the top of geometries following the process. The instrument used is a View Engineering Voyager V6x12 microscope, which is fully programmable. The microscope allows direct measurement of geometries but also is capable of saving all captured data as point clouds. These point clouds play a central role when evaluating part geometry. After measuring the part, the point cloud is compared to the computer aided design (CAD) contour of the part, using a commercially available software package. The challenge of proper edge lighting on a nickel alloy part is evaluatedmore » by varying lighting conditions systematically. Results of two conditions are presented along with a set of optimized parameters. With the introduced set of tools, process flow can be monitored by measuring geometries, e.g. linewidths in every step of the process line. An example for such analysis is given. After delivery of a large batch of parts, extensive numbers of datasets were available allowing the evaluation of the variation of part geometries. Discussed in detail is the deviation from part top to part bottom geometries indicating swelling of the PMMA mold in the electroplating bath.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
921142
Report Number(s):
SAND2004-8208
TRN: US200803%%160
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACCURACY; ASPECT RATIO; CLOUDS; COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN; DESIGN; DIMENSIONS; ELECTRODEPOSITION; ELECTROPLATING; EVALUATION; GEOMETRY; LINE WIDTHS; MICROSCOPES; NICKEL ALLOYS; QUALITY CONTROL; SWELLING; Electroplating.; Lithography.; Microscopes.; Metrology

Citation Formats

Aigeldinger, Georg, Skala, Dawn M, and Ceremuga, Joseph T. Large batch dimensional metrology demonstrated in the example of a LIGA fabricated spring.. United States: N. p., 2004. Web. doi:10.2172/921142.
Aigeldinger, Georg, Skala, Dawn M, & Ceremuga, Joseph T. Large batch dimensional metrology demonstrated in the example of a LIGA fabricated spring.. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/921142
Aigeldinger, Georg, Skala, Dawn M, and Ceremuga, Joseph T. Thu . "Large batch dimensional metrology demonstrated in the example of a LIGA fabricated spring.". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/921142. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/921142.
@article{osti_921142,
title = {Large batch dimensional metrology demonstrated in the example of a LIGA fabricated spring.},
author = {Aigeldinger, Georg and Skala, Dawn M and Ceremuga, Joseph T},
abstractNote = {Deep x-ray lithography in combination with electroforming is capable of producing high precision metal parts in small lot series. This study deals with a high aspect ratio structure with overall dimensions on the order of 10 mm x 7 mm x 1.5 mm, with the smallest line width being 150 {micro}m. The lateral deviation from the design is to be kept to a minimum, preferably below 5 {micro}m. To ensure adequate quality control, a semi-automated metrology technique has been established to measure all parts. While the paper will give a brief overview of all involved techniques, it focuses on the method to measure the top and bottom of the parts and the top of geometries following the process. The instrument used is a View Engineering Voyager V6x12 microscope, which is fully programmable. The microscope allows direct measurement of geometries but also is capable of saving all captured data as point clouds. These point clouds play a central role when evaluating part geometry. After measuring the part, the point cloud is compared to the computer aided design (CAD) contour of the part, using a commercially available software package. The challenge of proper edge lighting on a nickel alloy part is evaluated by varying lighting conditions systematically. Results of two conditions are presented along with a set of optimized parameters. With the introduced set of tools, process flow can be monitored by measuring geometries, e.g. linewidths in every step of the process line. An example for such analysis is given. After delivery of a large batch of parts, extensive numbers of datasets were available allowing the evaluation of the variation of part geometries. Discussed in detail is the deviation from part top to part bottom geometries indicating swelling of the PMMA mold in the electroplating bath.},
doi = {10.2172/921142},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/921142}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2004},
month = {4}
}