skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Review and assessment of nanofluid technology for transportation and other applications.

Abstract

This report provides a literature review on the research and development work contributing to the current status of nanofluid technology for heat transfer applications in industrial processes. Nanofluid technology is a relatively new field, and as such, the supporting studies are not extensive. Specifically, the experimental results and theoretical predictions regarding the enhancement of the thermal conductivity and convective heat transfer of nanofluids relative to conventional heat transfer fluids were reviewed and assessments were made of the current status to derive future research and development directions for industrial applications. Pertinent parameters were considered individually as to the current state of knowledge. Experimental results from multiple research groups were cast into a consistent parameter, 'the enhancement ratio,' to facilitate comparisons of data among research groups and identification of thermal property and heat transfer trends. The current state of knowledge is presented as well as areas where the data are currently inconclusive or conflicting. Heat transfer enhancement for available nanoparticles is known to be in the 15-40% range, with a few situations resulting in orders of magnitude enhancement. The direction of future research should be to substantiate the lower range results and to continue investigations into the higher enhancements. The focus ofmore » this study is primarily transportation applications. However, some attention is given to other industrial applications of nanofluid heat transfer. Also discussed are barriers to be addressed prior to commercialization of nanofluids.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
EE
OSTI Identifier:
919327
Report Number(s):
ANL/ESD/07-9
TRN: US200825%%237
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; HEAT TRANSFER FLUIDS; THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY; NANOSTRUCTURES; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; CONVECTION; TRANSPORTATION SECTOR

Citation Formats

Yu, W, France, D M, Choi, S U. S., Routbort, J L, and Energy Systems. Review and assessment of nanofluid technology for transportation and other applications.. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2172/919327.
Yu, W, France, D M, Choi, S U. S., Routbort, J L, & Energy Systems. Review and assessment of nanofluid technology for transportation and other applications.. United States. doi:10.2172/919327.
Yu, W, France, D M, Choi, S U. S., Routbort, J L, and Energy Systems. Thu . "Review and assessment of nanofluid technology for transportation and other applications.". United States. doi:10.2172/919327. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/919327.
@article{osti_919327,
title = {Review and assessment of nanofluid technology for transportation and other applications.},
author = {Yu, W and France, D M and Choi, S U. S. and Routbort, J L and Energy Systems},
abstractNote = {This report provides a literature review on the research and development work contributing to the current status of nanofluid technology for heat transfer applications in industrial processes. Nanofluid technology is a relatively new field, and as such, the supporting studies are not extensive. Specifically, the experimental results and theoretical predictions regarding the enhancement of the thermal conductivity and convective heat transfer of nanofluids relative to conventional heat transfer fluids were reviewed and assessments were made of the current status to derive future research and development directions for industrial applications. Pertinent parameters were considered individually as to the current state of knowledge. Experimental results from multiple research groups were cast into a consistent parameter, 'the enhancement ratio,' to facilitate comparisons of data among research groups and identification of thermal property and heat transfer trends. The current state of knowledge is presented as well as areas where the data are currently inconclusive or conflicting. Heat transfer enhancement for available nanoparticles is known to be in the 15-40% range, with a few situations resulting in orders of magnitude enhancement. The direction of future research should be to substantiate the lower range results and to continue investigations into the higher enhancements. The focus of this study is primarily transportation applications. However, some attention is given to other industrial applications of nanofluid heat transfer. Also discussed are barriers to be addressed prior to commercialization of nanofluids.},
doi = {10.2172/919327},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 31 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu May 31 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share: