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Title: Development and utility of manganese oxides as cathodes in lithiuim batteries.

Abstract

Manganese oxides have a long history of serving as a cathode in charge storage applications. Electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD) is widely used in alkaline batteries and MnO{sub 2} originally was part of the Leclanch{acute e} wet cell patented in 1866. Leclanch{acute e} wet cells used a naturally occurring MnO{sub 2} ore with Zn metal as anode and ammonium chloride electrolyte. While there are a vast number of topics to discuss on manganese oxides, in this short paper, two topics researched at Argonne over the last 12 years are highlighted. First, the addition of lithia (Li{sub 2}O) as a stabilizing component in 3 V alpha-MnO{sub 2} is examined. Second, an overview of the evolution of layered-layered composite-structured electrodes derived from the lithium-manganese oxide (Li{sub 2}MnO{sub 3}) layered rock-salt phase is presented.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
EE; USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
919323
Report Number(s):
ANL/CMT/JA-55668
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753; JPSODZ; TRN: US200822%%28
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Power Sources; Journal Volume: 165; Journal Issue: 2007
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CATHODES; LITHIUM; MANGANESE OXIDES; METAL-NONMETAL BATTERIES; LITHIUM OXIDES

Citation Formats

Johnson, C. S., and Chemical Engineering. Development and utility of manganese oxides as cathodes in lithiuim batteries.. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.10.040.
Johnson, C. S., & Chemical Engineering. Development and utility of manganese oxides as cathodes in lithiuim batteries.. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.10.040.
Johnson, C. S., and Chemical Engineering. Mon . "Development and utility of manganese oxides as cathodes in lithiuim batteries.". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.10.040.
@article{osti_919323,
title = {Development and utility of manganese oxides as cathodes in lithiuim batteries.},
author = {Johnson, C. S. and Chemical Engineering},
abstractNote = {Manganese oxides have a long history of serving as a cathode in charge storage applications. Electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD) is widely used in alkaline batteries and MnO{sub 2} originally was part of the Leclanch{acute e} wet cell patented in 1866. Leclanch{acute e} wet cells used a naturally occurring MnO{sub 2} ore with Zn metal as anode and ammonium chloride electrolyte. While there are a vast number of topics to discuss on manganese oxides, in this short paper, two topics researched at Argonne over the last 12 years are highlighted. First, the addition of lithia (Li{sub 2}O) as a stabilizing component in 3 V alpha-MnO{sub 2} is examined. Second, an overview of the evolution of layered-layered composite-structured electrodes derived from the lithium-manganese oxide (Li{sub 2}MnO{sub 3}) layered rock-salt phase is presented.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.10.040},
journal = {J. Power Sources},
number = 2007,
volume = 165,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}