skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Depth Dependence of the Mechanical Properties of Human Enamel by Nanoindentation

Abstract

Nanoindentation has recently emerged to be the primary method to study the mechanical behavior and reliability of human enamel. Its hardness and elastic modulus were generally reported as average values with standard deviations that were calculated from the results of multiple nanoindentation tests. In such an approach, it is assumed that the mechanical properties of human enamel are constant, independent of testing parameters, like indent depth and loading rate. However, little is known if they affect the measurements. In this study, we investigated the dependence of the hardness and elastic modulus of human enamel on the indent depth. We found that in a depth range from 100 nm to 2000 nm the elastic moduli continuously decreased from {approx} 104 GPa to {approx} 70 GPa, and the hardnesses decreased from {approx} 5.7 GPa to {approx} 3.6 GPa. We then considered human enamel as a fiber-reinforced composite, and used the celebrated rule of mixture theory to quantify the upper and lower bounds of the elastic moduli, which were shown to cover the values measured in the current study and previous studies. Accordingly, we attributed the depth dependence of the hardness and modulus to the continuous microstructure evolution induced by nanoindenter.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
919219
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JRNL-219215
TRN: US0806321
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 81A, no. 1, April 1, 2007, pp. 66-74
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 81A; Journal Issue: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 42 ENGINEERING; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; ENAMELS; HARDNESS; LOADING RATE; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; MICROSTRUCTURE; MIXTURES; RELIABILITY; TESTING

Citation Formats

Zhou, J, and Hsiung, L L. Depth Dependence of the Mechanical Properties of Human Enamel by Nanoindentation. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
Zhou, J, & Hsiung, L L. Depth Dependence of the Mechanical Properties of Human Enamel by Nanoindentation. United States.
Zhou, J, and Hsiung, L L. Fri . "Depth Dependence of the Mechanical Properties of Human Enamel by Nanoindentation". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/919219.
@article{osti_919219,
title = {Depth Dependence of the Mechanical Properties of Human Enamel by Nanoindentation},
author = {Zhou, J and Hsiung, L L},
abstractNote = {Nanoindentation has recently emerged to be the primary method to study the mechanical behavior and reliability of human enamel. Its hardness and elastic modulus were generally reported as average values with standard deviations that were calculated from the results of multiple nanoindentation tests. In such an approach, it is assumed that the mechanical properties of human enamel are constant, independent of testing parameters, like indent depth and loading rate. However, little is known if they affect the measurements. In this study, we investigated the dependence of the hardness and elastic modulus of human enamel on the indent depth. We found that in a depth range from 100 nm to 2000 nm the elastic moduli continuously decreased from {approx} 104 GPa to {approx} 70 GPa, and the hardnesses decreased from {approx} 5.7 GPa to {approx} 3.6 GPa. We then considered human enamel as a fiber-reinforced composite, and used the celebrated rule of mixture theory to quantify the upper and lower bounds of the elastic moduli, which were shown to cover the values measured in the current study and previous studies. Accordingly, we attributed the depth dependence of the hardness and modulus to the continuous microstructure evolution induced by nanoindenter.},
doi = {},
journal = {Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 81A, no. 1, April 1, 2007, pp. 66-74},
number = 1,
volume = 81A,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {2}
}