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Title: Measurements of the top quark pair production cross section and an estimate of the D0 silicon detector lifetime

Abstract

This thesis presents two measurements of the top quark pair production cross section at √s = 1.96 TeV using data from the D0 experiment. Both measurements are performed in the dilepton final state and make use of secondary vertex b-tagging.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Stockholm Univ. (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
917834
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-THESIS-2007-24
TRN: US0805142
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS, 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CROSS SECTIONS; LIFETIME; PAIR PRODUCTION; SILICON; T QUARKS; Experiment-HEP; Instrumentation

Citation Formats

Strandberg, Sara. Measurements of the top quark pair production cross section and an estimate of the D0 silicon detector lifetime. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2172/917834.
Strandberg, Sara. Measurements of the top quark pair production cross section and an estimate of the D0 silicon detector lifetime. United States. doi:10.2172/917834.
Strandberg, Sara. Thu . "Measurements of the top quark pair production cross section and an estimate of the D0 silicon detector lifetime". United States. doi:10.2172/917834. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/917834.
@article{osti_917834,
title = {Measurements of the top quark pair production cross section and an estimate of the D0 silicon detector lifetime},
author = {Strandberg, Sara},
abstractNote = {This thesis presents two measurements of the top quark pair production cross section at √s = 1.96 TeV using data from the D0 experiment. Both measurements are performed in the dilepton final state and make use of secondary vertex b-tagging.},
doi = {10.2172/917834},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Thu Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this thesis or dissertation.

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  • Two alternative measurements of the t¯t production cross section at √s = 1.96 TeV in proton-antiproton collisions in the lepton+jets channel are presented. The t¯t production cross section is extracted by combining the kinematic event information in a multivariate discriminant. The measurement yields σ p¯p → t¯t + x = 5.13 -1.57 +1.76(stat) -1.10 +0.96(syst) ± 0.33 (lumi) pb in the muon+jets channel, using 229.1 pb -1, and in the combination with the electron+jets channel (226.3 pb -1) σ p¯p → t¯t + x = 6.60 -1.28 +1.37(stat) -1.11 +1.25(syst) ± 0.43 (lumi) pb. The second measurement presented reconstructs explicitlymore » secondary vertices to d lifetime b-tagging. The measurement combines the muon+jets and the electron+jets channel, using 158.4 pb -1 and 168.8 pb -1, respectively: σ p¯p → t¯t + x = 8.24 -1.25 +1.34(stat) -1.63 +1.89(syst) ± 0.54 (lumi) pb.« less
  • Of the six quarks in the standard model the top quark is by far the heaviest: 35 times more massive than its partner the bottom quark and more than 130 times heavier than the average of the other five quarks. Its correspondingly small decay width means it tends to decay before forming a bound state. Of all quarks, therefore, the top is the least affected by quark confinement, behaving almost as a free quark. Its large mass also makes the top quark a key player in the realm of the postulated Higgs boson, whose coupling strengths to particles are proportional to their masses. Precision measurements of particle masses for e.g. the top quark and the W boson can hereby provide indirect constraints on the Higgs boson mass. Since in the standard model top quarks couple almost exclusively to bottom quarks (t → Wb), top quark decays provide a window on the standard model through the direct measurement of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix element V tb. In the same way any lack of top quark decays into W bosons could imply the existence of decay channels beyond the standard model, for example charged Higgs bosons as expected in two-doublet Higgs models: t → H +b. Within the standard model top quark decays can be classified by the (lepton or quark) W boson decay products. Depending on the decay of each of the W bosons, tmore » $$\bar{t}$$ pair decays can involve either no leptons at all, or one or two isolated leptons from direct W → e$$\bar{v}$${sub e} and W → μ$$\bar{v}$$ μ decays. Cascade decays like b → Wc → e$$\bar{v}$$ ec can lead to additional non-isolated leptons. The fully hadronic decay channel, in which both Ws decay into a quark-antiquark pair, has the largest branching fraction of all t$$\bar{t}$$ decay channels and is the only kinematically complete (i.e. neutrino-less) channel. It lacks, however, the clear isolated lepton signature and is therefore hard to distinguish from the multi-jet QCD background. It is important to measure the cross section (or branching fraction) in each channel independently to fully verify the standard model. Top quark pair production proceeds through the strong interaction, placing the scene for top quark physics at hadron colliders. This adds an additional challenge: the huge background from multi-jet QCD processes. At the Tevatron, for example, t$$\bar{t}$$ production is completely hidden in light q$$\bar{q}$$ pair production. The light (i.e. not bottom or top) quark pair production cross section is six orders of magnitude larger than that for t$$\bar{t}$$ production. Even including the full signature of hadronic t$$\bar{t}$$ decays, two b-jets and four additional jets, the QCD cross section for processes with similar signature is more than five times larger than for t$$\bar{t}$$ production. The presence of isolated leptons in the (semi)leptonic t$$\bar{t}$$ decay channels provides a clear characteristic to distinguish the t$$\bar{t}$$ signal from QCD background but introduces a multitude of W- and Z-related backgrounds.« less
  • The top quark has been discovered by CDF and D0 experiments in 1995 at the proton-antiproton collider Tevatron. The amount of data recorded by both experiments makes it possible to accurately study the properties of this quark: its mass is now known to better than 1% accuracy. This thesis describes the measurement of the top pair cross section in the electron muon channel with 4, 3 fb -1 recorded data between 2006 and 2009 by the D0 experiment. Since the final state included a muon, improvements of some aspects of its identification have been performed : a study ofmore » the contamination of the cosmic muons and a study of the quality of the muon tracks. The cross section measurement is in good agreement with the theoretical calculations and the other experimental measurements. This measurement has been used to extract a value for the top quark mass. This method allows for the extraction of a better defined top mass than direct measurements as it depends less on Monte Carlo simulations. The uncertainty on this extracted mass, dominated by the experimental one, is however larger than for direct measurements. In order to decrease this uncertainty, the ratio of the Z boson and the top pair production cross sections has been studied to look for some possible theoretical correlations. At the Tevatron, the two cross sections are not theoretically correlated: no decrease of the uncertainty on the extracted top mass is therefore possible.« less
  • The top quark pair production cross section measurement in the lepton+jets channel with b-tagging algorithm is described. About 900 pb -1 data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron are used for this analysis. In this thesis, event selection, background estimation, and cross section calculation are discussed in detail. In addition, calibration of the Luminosity Monitor readout electronics and a new b-tagging algorithm, the SLTNN tagger, are also discussed in this thesis.