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Title: Self-affine surfaces of polymer brushes.

Abstract

The diffuse X-ray scattering from the surface morphology of polystyrene (PS) and poly(n-butyl acrylate) (PnBA) brushes synthesized by conventional free radical polymerization is found to be well described by a model of a surface with self-affine roughness. To date, such models have only been used with solid surfaces. The signature behavior of capillary waves is not observed. Data collected from transverse scans at multiple values of the out-of-plane momentum transfer q{sub z} can be fit simultaneously using a single set of the roughness parameters: the root-mean-square roughness {sigma} the lateral correlation length {xi} and the roughness exponent, h. The surfaces of the PnBA brushes are the same at temperatures 75 and 130 C above the glass transition temperature, T{sub g}, of PnBA in the bulk. In contrast, the correlation lengths of the surface structures of PS brushes annealed at 140 C are lower than those of the 'as-deposited' brushes, and the roughnesses increase with annealing. The lateral correlation length, {xi} of the annealed PS brushes varies with brush thickness, d, as {xi} {approx} d0.75, which matches the power law dependence expected for the variation of the predominant wavelength of surface fluctuations with brush thickness for a melt brush in themore » limit of high surface tension. The roughness of the annealed PS brushes increases as a power law of d, with an exponent similar to those characterizing 'kinetic roughening' in plasma deposited polymer films.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
915735
Report Number(s):
ANL/XSD/JA-59805
TRN: US200816%%45
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Macromolecules
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 40; Journal Issue: 17 ; Aug. 21, 2007
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; POLYACRYLATES; MOMENTUM TRANSFER; MORPHOLOGY; POLYMERIZATION; POLYSTYRENE; RADICALS; ROUGHNESS; SURFACE TENSION; SURFACE PROPERTIES

Citation Formats

Akgun, B., Lee, D. R., Kim, H., Zhang, H., Prucker, O., Wang, J., Ruhe, J., Foster, M. D., X-Ray Science Division, Univ. of Akron, and Inst. for Microsystem Technology. Self-affine surfaces of polymer brushes.. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1021/ma0708794.
Akgun, B., Lee, D. R., Kim, H., Zhang, H., Prucker, O., Wang, J., Ruhe, J., Foster, M. D., X-Ray Science Division, Univ. of Akron, & Inst. for Microsystem Technology. Self-affine surfaces of polymer brushes.. United States. doi:10.1021/ma0708794.
Akgun, B., Lee, D. R., Kim, H., Zhang, H., Prucker, O., Wang, J., Ruhe, J., Foster, M. D., X-Ray Science Division, Univ. of Akron, and Inst. for Microsystem Technology. Tue . "Self-affine surfaces of polymer brushes.". United States. doi:10.1021/ma0708794.
@article{osti_915735,
title = {Self-affine surfaces of polymer brushes.},
author = {Akgun, B. and Lee, D. R. and Kim, H. and Zhang, H. and Prucker, O. and Wang, J. and Ruhe, J. and Foster, M. D. and X-Ray Science Division and Univ. of Akron and Inst. for Microsystem Technology},
abstractNote = {The diffuse X-ray scattering from the surface morphology of polystyrene (PS) and poly(n-butyl acrylate) (PnBA) brushes synthesized by conventional free radical polymerization is found to be well described by a model of a surface with self-affine roughness. To date, such models have only been used with solid surfaces. The signature behavior of capillary waves is not observed. Data collected from transverse scans at multiple values of the out-of-plane momentum transfer q{sub z} can be fit simultaneously using a single set of the roughness parameters: the root-mean-square roughness {sigma} the lateral correlation length {xi} and the roughness exponent, h. The surfaces of the PnBA brushes are the same at temperatures 75 and 130 C above the glass transition temperature, T{sub g}, of PnBA in the bulk. In contrast, the correlation lengths of the surface structures of PS brushes annealed at 140 C are lower than those of the 'as-deposited' brushes, and the roughnesses increase with annealing. The lateral correlation length, {xi} of the annealed PS brushes varies with brush thickness, d, as {xi} {approx} d0.75, which matches the power law dependence expected for the variation of the predominant wavelength of surface fluctuations with brush thickness for a melt brush in the limit of high surface tension. The roughness of the annealed PS brushes increases as a power law of d, with an exponent similar to those characterizing 'kinetic roughening' in plasma deposited polymer films.},
doi = {10.1021/ma0708794},
journal = {Macromolecules},
number = 17 ; Aug. 21, 2007,
volume = 40,
place = {United States},
year = {2007},
month = {8}
}