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Title: A new approach for instruction in powder crystallography.

Abstract

A series of Internet-distributed audio/visual recordings for learning crystallographic analysis of powder diffraction data is discussed. These recordings provide a compact mechanism for distributing educational information. Such presentations provide hands-on discussion beyond what is usually presented in instructional texts. In some cases similar material can be presented with HTML text, but recordings can be created with significantly less effort and are superior for software demonstration.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
914921
Report Number(s):
ANL/XSD/JA-58395
Journal ID: ISSN 0885-7156; PODIE2; TRN: US200817%%15
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Powder Diffraction; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 1 ; Mar. 2007
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; POWDER METALLURGY; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; DIFFRACTION; COMPUTER-AIDED INSTRUCTION; EDUCATIONAL TOOLS; POWDERS

Citation Formats

Toby, B., and X-Ray Science Division. A new approach for instruction in powder crystallography.. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1154/1.2472366.
Toby, B., & X-Ray Science Division. A new approach for instruction in powder crystallography.. United States. doi:10.1154/1.2472366.
Toby, B., and X-Ray Science Division. Thu . "A new approach for instruction in powder crystallography.". United States. doi:10.1154/1.2472366.
@article{osti_914921,
title = {A new approach for instruction in powder crystallography.},
author = {Toby, B. and X-Ray Science Division},
abstractNote = {A series of Internet-distributed audio/visual recordings for learning crystallographic analysis of powder diffraction data is discussed. These recordings provide a compact mechanism for distributing educational information. Such presentations provide hands-on discussion beyond what is usually presented in instructional texts. In some cases similar material can be presented with HTML text, but recordings can be created with significantly less effort and are superior for software demonstration.},
doi = {10.1154/1.2472366},
journal = {Powder Diffraction},
number = 1 ; Mar. 2007,
volume = 22,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Thu Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}
  • A powder diffractometer of Guinier geometry was developed and tested on a beamline, BL40B2, at SPring-8. The long specimen-to-detector distance, 1,000 mm, is advantageous in recording diffraction from Bragg spacing of 20 nm or larger. The angular resolution, 0.012 degrees, was realized together with the focusing optics, the long specimen-to-detector distance and the small pixel size of Blue-type Imaging Plate detector. Such a high resolution makes the peak separation possible in the powder diffraction from microcrystals with large unit cell and low symmetry of biological macromolecules.
  • We present the final design of the x-ray optics and experimental stations of two macromolecular crystallography (MX) beamlines at the National Synchrotron Light Source-II. The microfocusing FMX beamline will deliver a flux of ∼5×10{sup 12} ph/s at 1 Å into a 1 – 20 µm spot, its flux density surpassing current MX beamlines by up to two orders of magnitude. It covers an energy range from 5 – 30 keV. The highly automated AMX beamline is optimized for high throughput, with beam sizes from 4 – 100 µm, an energy range of 5 – 18 keV and a flux atmore » 1 Å of ∼10{sup 13} ph/s. A focus in designing the beamlines lay on achieving high beam stability, for example by implementing a horizontal bounce double crystal monochromator at FMX. A combination of compound refractive lenses and bimorph mirror optics at FMX supports rapid beam size changes. Central components of the in-house developed experimental stations are horizontal axis goniometers with a target sphere of confusion of 100 nm, piezo-slits for dynamic beam size changes during diffraction experiments, dedicated secondary goniometers for data collection from specimen in crystallization plates, and next generation pixel array detectors. FMX and AMX will support a broad range of biomedical structure determination methods from serial crystallography on micron-sized crystals, to structure determination of complexes in large unit cells, to rapid sample screening and room temperature data collection of crystals in trays.« less
  • Following the seminal work of Von Dreele, powder X-ray diffraction studies on proteins are being established as a valuable complementary technique to single-crystal measurements. A wide range of small proteins have been found to give synchrotron powder diffraction profiles where the peak widths are essentially limited only by the instrumental resolution. The rich information contained in these profiles, combined with developments in data analysis, has stimulated research and development to apply the powder technique to microcrystalline protein samples. In the present work, progress in using powder diffraction for macromolecular crystallography is reported.
  • This article presents a series of approaches used to educate potential users of crystallographic software for powder diffraction. The approach that has been most successful in the author's opinion is the web lecture, where an audio presentation is coupled to a video-like record of the contents of the presenter's computer screen.