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Title: On the formation and decomposition of C{sub 7}H{sub 8}.

Abstract

The kinetics of reactions on the C{sub 7}H{sub 8} surface were studied with state-of-the-art ab initio transition state theory (TST) and master equation methodologies. A priori predictions of the capture rate for C{sub 6}H{sub 5} + CH{sub 3} and for C{sub 7}H{sub 7} + H are obtained from direct variable reaction coordinate TST simulations. These simulations employ small basis set CASPT2 interaction energies coupled with one-dimensional reaction path corrections based on higher level simulations for related reactions. For the C{sub 7}H{sub 7} + H reaction, predictions are obtained for both the total rate and for the branching between toluene, o-isotoluene and p-isotoluene. A mapping of the low energy pathways for isomerization from these three C{sub 7}H{sub 8} isomers identifies a number of processes with barriers at or below the dissociation threshold. Nevertheless, at combustion temperatures the dissociation rates are predicted to exceed the isomerization rates, and it is reasonable to treat the kinetics of each isomer as a simple single well association/dissociation equilibrium. Master equation simulations yield predictions for the temperature and pressure dependence of each of the recombination and dissociation processes, as well as for the C{sub 7}H{sub 7} + H {yields} C{sub 6}H{sub 5} + CH{sub 3} bimolecularmore » reaction. These simulations implement collisional energy transfer probabilities based on the work of Luther and co-workers. The theoretical predictions are found to be in satisfactory agreement with the available experimental data for the photodissociation of toluene, the temperature and pressure dependent dissociation of toluene, and the reaction of benzyl radical with H. For the C{sub 6}H{sub 5} + CH{sub 3} recombination, the theoretical predictions exceed the experimental measurements of Lin and coworkers by a factor of 2 or more for all temperatures.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
914767
Report Number(s):
ANL/CHM/CP-117648
TRN: US200812%%55
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Proc. Combust. Inst.; Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 2007; Conference: 31st International Symposium on Combustion; Aug 6-11, 2006; Heidelberg, Germany
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; TOLUENE; CHEMICAL REACTION KINETICS; BENZYL RADICALS; DISSOCIATION; ENERGY TRANSFER; ISOMERIZATION; RECOMBINATION

Citation Formats

Klippenstein, S. J., Harding, L. B., Georgievskii, Y., Chemistry, and SNL. On the formation and decomposition of C{sub 7}H{sub 8}.. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1016/j.proci.2006.08.045.
Klippenstein, S. J., Harding, L. B., Georgievskii, Y., Chemistry, & SNL. On the formation and decomposition of C{sub 7}H{sub 8}.. United States. doi:10.1016/j.proci.2006.08.045.
Klippenstein, S. J., Harding, L. B., Georgievskii, Y., Chemistry, and SNL. Mon . "On the formation and decomposition of C{sub 7}H{sub 8}.". United States. doi:10.1016/j.proci.2006.08.045.
@article{osti_914767,
title = {On the formation and decomposition of C{sub 7}H{sub 8}.},
author = {Klippenstein, S. J. and Harding, L. B. and Georgievskii, Y. and Chemistry and SNL},
abstractNote = {The kinetics of reactions on the C{sub 7}H{sub 8} surface were studied with state-of-the-art ab initio transition state theory (TST) and master equation methodologies. A priori predictions of the capture rate for C{sub 6}H{sub 5} + CH{sub 3} and for C{sub 7}H{sub 7} + H are obtained from direct variable reaction coordinate TST simulations. These simulations employ small basis set CASPT2 interaction energies coupled with one-dimensional reaction path corrections based on higher level simulations for related reactions. For the C{sub 7}H{sub 7} + H reaction, predictions are obtained for both the total rate and for the branching between toluene, o-isotoluene and p-isotoluene. A mapping of the low energy pathways for isomerization from these three C{sub 7}H{sub 8} isomers identifies a number of processes with barriers at or below the dissociation threshold. Nevertheless, at combustion temperatures the dissociation rates are predicted to exceed the isomerization rates, and it is reasonable to treat the kinetics of each isomer as a simple single well association/dissociation equilibrium. Master equation simulations yield predictions for the temperature and pressure dependence of each of the recombination and dissociation processes, as well as for the C{sub 7}H{sub 7} + H {yields} C{sub 6}H{sub 5} + CH{sub 3} bimolecular reaction. These simulations implement collisional energy transfer probabilities based on the work of Luther and co-workers. The theoretical predictions are found to be in satisfactory agreement with the available experimental data for the photodissociation of toluene, the temperature and pressure dependent dissociation of toluene, and the reaction of benzyl radical with H. For the C{sub 6}H{sub 5} + CH{sub 3} recombination, the theoretical predictions exceed the experimental measurements of Lin and coworkers by a factor of 2 or more for all temperatures.},
doi = {10.1016/j.proci.2006.08.045},
journal = {Proc. Combust. Inst.},
number = 2007,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

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