skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Bifunctional Nature of a SiO2-Supported Ni2P Catalyst for Hydrotreating: EXAFS and FTIR Studies

Abstract

A Ni{sub 2}P catalyst supported on a high-surface area SiO{sub 2} (350 m{sup 2} g{sub -1}) was prepared by temperature-programmed reduction, and its structural and surface properties were studied. X-ray diffraction and extended X-ray absorption fine structure measurements were used to obtain structural parameters for the supported Ni{sub 2}P phase, and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis with the probe molecules CO and pyridine was carried out to characterize the surface properties. The catalytic activity was measured at 573 K and 3.1 MPa in a three-phase fixed-bed reactor for hydrodesulfurization (HDS) and hydrodenitrogenation (HDN) using a model liquid feed. At standard conditions using 500 ppm S as 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene (4,6-DMDBT), 3000 ppm S as dimethyldisulfide, 200 ppm N as quinoline, and 1% tetralin in a tridecane solvent, the Ni{sub 2}P/SiO{sub 2} gave an HDS conversion of 85%, an HDN conversion of 100%, and a tetralin conversion of 37%, which were much higher than those of a commercial Ni-Mo-S/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst, which gave an HDS conversion of 41%, an HDN conversion of 98%, and a tetralin conversion of 20% based on equal numbers of sites (240 {micro}mol) loaded in the reactor. The sites were counted by CO chemisorption for the phosphide andmore » by low-temperature O{sub 2} chemisorption for the sulfide. The Ni{sub 2}P/SiO{sub 2} catalyst favored the hydrogenation (HYD) pathway for 4,6-DMDBT HDS to generate methylcyclohexyltoluene and dimethylbicyclohexane with a relative HYD selectivity of 95%. It also favored hydrogenation for tetralin to give decalin with a relative HYD selectivity of 89%. The Ni{sub 2}P/SiO{sub 2} catalyst also showed better resistance to N-compounds than the Ni-Mo-S/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst. The FTIR spectra of adsorbed CO showed that the Ni site in the Ni{sub 2}P phase gave rise to considerable {pi}-back bonding, which was related to the high activity of the Ni{sub 2}P/SiO{sub 2} catalyst in the hydrogenation of aromatics. The FTIR spectra of adsorbed pyridine showed that the Ni{sub 2}P phase had a P{single_bond}OH group associated with Br{o}nsted acidity that was active for the protonation of N compounds. These results thus suggest that the supported Ni{sub 2}P catalyst has bifunctional properties that are beneficial for catalytic activity in hydroprocessing.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
914196
Report Number(s):
BNL-78764-2007-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9517; JCTLA5; TRN: US200804%%327
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Catal.; Journal Volume: 239; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; NICKEL PHOSPHIDES; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; CATALYST SUPPORTS; SILICON OXIDES; CHEMICAL PREPARATION; MORPHOLOGY; SURFACE PROPERTIES; CARBON MONOXIDE; PYRIDINE; CHEMISORPTION; HYDROGENATION; DESULFURIZATION; DENITRIFICATION; POLYCYCLIC SULFUR HETEROCYCLES; DISULFIDES; QUINOLINES; CATALYSIS; national synchrotron light source

Citation Formats

Lee,K., and Oyama, S.. Bifunctional Nature of a SiO2-Supported Ni2P Catalyst for Hydrotreating: EXAFS and FTIR Studies. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2005.12.029.
Lee,K., & Oyama, S.. Bifunctional Nature of a SiO2-Supported Ni2P Catalyst for Hydrotreating: EXAFS and FTIR Studies. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2005.12.029.
Lee,K., and Oyama, S.. Sun . "Bifunctional Nature of a SiO2-Supported Ni2P Catalyst for Hydrotreating: EXAFS and FTIR Studies". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2005.12.029.
@article{osti_914196,
title = {Bifunctional Nature of a SiO2-Supported Ni2P Catalyst for Hydrotreating: EXAFS and FTIR Studies},
author = {Lee,K. and Oyama, S.},
abstractNote = {A Ni{sub 2}P catalyst supported on a high-surface area SiO{sub 2} (350 m{sup 2} g{sub -1}) was prepared by temperature-programmed reduction, and its structural and surface properties were studied. X-ray diffraction and extended X-ray absorption fine structure measurements were used to obtain structural parameters for the supported Ni{sub 2}P phase, and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis with the probe molecules CO and pyridine was carried out to characterize the surface properties. The catalytic activity was measured at 573 K and 3.1 MPa in a three-phase fixed-bed reactor for hydrodesulfurization (HDS) and hydrodenitrogenation (HDN) using a model liquid feed. At standard conditions using 500 ppm S as 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene (4,6-DMDBT), 3000 ppm S as dimethyldisulfide, 200 ppm N as quinoline, and 1% tetralin in a tridecane solvent, the Ni{sub 2}P/SiO{sub 2} gave an HDS conversion of 85%, an HDN conversion of 100%, and a tetralin conversion of 37%, which were much higher than those of a commercial Ni-Mo-S/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst, which gave an HDS conversion of 41%, an HDN conversion of 98%, and a tetralin conversion of 20% based on equal numbers of sites (240 {micro}mol) loaded in the reactor. The sites were counted by CO chemisorption for the phosphide and by low-temperature O{sub 2} chemisorption for the sulfide. The Ni{sub 2}P/SiO{sub 2} catalyst favored the hydrogenation (HYD) pathway for 4,6-DMDBT HDS to generate methylcyclohexyltoluene and dimethylbicyclohexane with a relative HYD selectivity of 95%. It also favored hydrogenation for tetralin to give decalin with a relative HYD selectivity of 89%. The Ni{sub 2}P/SiO{sub 2} catalyst also showed better resistance to N-compounds than the Ni-Mo-S/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst. The FTIR spectra of adsorbed CO showed that the Ni site in the Ni{sub 2}P phase gave rise to considerable {pi}-back bonding, which was related to the high activity of the Ni{sub 2}P/SiO{sub 2} catalyst in the hydrogenation of aromatics. The FTIR spectra of adsorbed pyridine showed that the Ni{sub 2}P phase had a P{single_bond}OH group associated with Br{o}nsted acidity that was active for the protonation of N compounds. These results thus suggest that the supported Ni{sub 2}P catalyst has bifunctional properties that are beneficial for catalytic activity in hydroprocessing.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jcat.2005.12.029},
journal = {J. Catal.},
number = 2,
volume = 239,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}