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Title: Diamond Anvil Cell Radial X-ray Diffraction Program at the National Synchrotron Light Source

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
914172
Report Number(s):
BNL-78740-2007-JA
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Phys.: Condens. Matter; Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 25
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
national synchrotron light source

Citation Formats

Hu,J., Mao, H., Shu, J., Guo, Q., and Liu, H. Diamond Anvil Cell Radial X-ray Diffraction Program at the National Synchrotron Light Source. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/18/25/S16.
Hu,J., Mao, H., Shu, J., Guo, Q., & Liu, H. Diamond Anvil Cell Radial X-ray Diffraction Program at the National Synchrotron Light Source. United States. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/18/25/S16.
Hu,J., Mao, H., Shu, J., Guo, Q., and Liu, H. Sun . "Diamond Anvil Cell Radial X-ray Diffraction Program at the National Synchrotron Light Source". United States. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/18/25/S16.
@article{osti_914172,
title = {Diamond Anvil Cell Radial X-ray Diffraction Program at the National Synchrotron Light Source},
author = {Hu,J. and Mao, H. and Shu, J. and Guo, Q. and Liu, H.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1088/0953-8984/18/25/S16},
journal = {J. Phys.: Condens. Matter},
number = 25,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}
  • We report a first combination of diamond anvil cell radial x-ray diffraction with in situ laser heating. The laser-heating setup of ALS beamline 12.2.2 was modified to allow one-sided heating of a sample in a diamond anvil cell with an 80 W yttrium lithium fluoride laser while probing the sample with radial x-ray diffraction. The diamond anvil cell is placed with its compressional axis vertical, and perpendicular to the beam. The laser beam is focused onto the sample from the top while the sample is probed with hard x-rays through an x-ray transparent boron-epoxy gasket. The temperature response of preferredmore » orientation of (Fe,Mg)O is probed as a test experiment. Recrystallization was observed above 1500 K, accompanied by a decrease in stress.« less
  • We report a first combination of diamond anvil cell radialx-ray diffraction with in situ laser heating. The laser-heating setup ofALS beamline 12.2.2 was modified to allow one-sided heating of a samplein a diamond anvil cell with an 80 W yttrium lithium fluoride laser whileprobing the sample with radial x-ray diffraction. The diamond anvil cellis placed with its compressional axis vertical, and perpendicular to thebeam. The laser beam is focused onto the sample from the top while thesample is probed with hard x-rays through an x-ray transparentboron-epoxy gasket. The temperature response of preferred orientation of(Fe,Mg)O is probed as a test experiment.more » Recrystallization was observedabove 1500 K, accompanied by a decrease in stress.« less
  • To extend the range of high-temperature, high-pressure studies within the diamond anvil cell, a Liermann-type diamond anvil cell with radial diffraction geometry (rDAC) was redesigned and developed for synchrotron X-ray diffraction experiments at beamline 12.2.2 of the Advanced Light Source. The rDAC, equipped with graphite heating arrays, allows simultaneous resistive and laser heating while the material is subjected to high pressure. The goals are both to extend the temperature range of external (resistive) heating and to produce environments with lower temperature gradients in a simultaneously resistive- and laser-heated rDAC. Three different geomaterials were used as pilot samples to calibrate andmore » optimize conditions for combined resistive and laser heating. For example, in Run1, FeO was loaded in a boron-mica gasket and compressed to 11 GPa then gradually resistively heated to 1007 K (1073 K at the diamond side). The laser heating was further applied to FeO to raise temperature to 2273 K. In Run2, Fe-Ni alloy was compressed to 18 GPa and resistively heated to 1785 K (1973 K at the diamond side). The combined resistive and laser heating was successfully performed again on (Mg{sub 0.9}Fe{sub 0.1})O in Run3. In this instance, the sample was loaded in a boron-kapton gasket, compressed to 29 GPa, resistive-heated up to 1007 K (1073 K at the diamond side), and further simultaneously laser-heated to achieve a temperature in excess of 2273 K at the sample position. Diffraction patterns obtained from the experiments were deconvoluted using the Rietveld method and quantified for lattice preferred orientation of each material under extreme conditions and during phase transformation.« less
  • We present time-resolved synchrotron x-ray diffraction to probe the {epsilon}-{delta} phase transition of iron during pulse-laser heating in a diamond anvil cell. The system utilizes a monochromatic synchrotron x-ray beam, a two-dimensional pixel array x-ray detector and a dual beam, double side laser-heating system. Multiple frames of the diffraction images are obtained in real-time every 22 ms over 500 ms of the entire pulse heating period. The results show the structural evolution of iron phases at 17 GPa, resulting in thermal expansion coefficient 1/V({Delta}V/{Delta}T){sub p} = 7.1 x 10{sup -6}/K for {epsilon}-Fe and 2.4 x 10{sup -5}/K for {gamma}-Fe, asmore » well as the evidence for metastability of {gamma}-Fe at low temperatures below the {epsilon}-{gamma} phase boundary.« less