skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Structural Analysis of H2-Db Class I Molecules Containing Two Different Allelic Forms of the type 1 Diabetes Susceptibility Factor beta-2 Microglobulin: Implications for the Mechanism Underlying Viriations in Antigen Presentation

Abstract

Beta-2 microglobulin ({beta}2m) is a member of the immunoglobulin-like domain superfamily that is an essential structural subunit of the MHC class I (MHC-I) molecule. {beta}2m was previously identified as a susceptibility factor for the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in NOD mice, whereby transgenic expression of the {beta}2m{sup a} variant, but not the {beta}2mb variant, restored diabetes susceptibility to normally resistant NOD.{beta}2m{sup null} mice. Here we report the crystal structures and thermodynamic stabilities of the NOD MHC-I molecule H2-D{sup b} containing these two variants. Our results reveal subtle differences in the structures of the {beta}2m variants, namely in minor loop shifts and in variations in the hydrogen bonding networks at the interfaces between the components of the ternary complex. We also demonstrate that the thermodynamic stabilities of the {beta}2m variants in isolation differ. However, the conformation of the peptide in the MHC cleft is unchanged in {beta}2m allelic Db complexes, as are the TCR recognition surfaces. Thus, despite modest structural differences between allelic complexes, the evidence indicates that D{sup b} peptide presentation of the representative peptide is unchanged in the context of either {beta}2m allelic variant. These data suggest that other mechanisms, such as differential association of MHC-I inmore » multiprotein complexes, are likely responsible for the effect of {beta}2m on T1D development.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
914089
Report Number(s):
BNL-78657-2007-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0161-5890; MOIMD5; TRN: US0801534
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Mol. Immunol.; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 9
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; ANTIGENS; BONDING; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; HYDROGEN; MICE; PEPTIDES; THERMODYNAMICS; NSLS; national synchrotron light source

Citation Formats

Roden,M., Brims, D., Fedorov, A., DiLorenzo, T., Almo, S., Nathenson, s., Anovitz, L., and Wesolowski, D.. Structural Analysis of H2-Db Class I Molecules Containing Two Different Allelic Forms of the type 1 Diabetes Susceptibility Factor beta-2 Microglobulin: Implications for the Mechanism Underlying Viriations in Antigen Presentation. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1016/j.molimm.2005.08.005.
Roden,M., Brims, D., Fedorov, A., DiLorenzo, T., Almo, S., Nathenson, s., Anovitz, L., & Wesolowski, D.. Structural Analysis of H2-Db Class I Molecules Containing Two Different Allelic Forms of the type 1 Diabetes Susceptibility Factor beta-2 Microglobulin: Implications for the Mechanism Underlying Viriations in Antigen Presentation. United States. doi:10.1016/j.molimm.2005.08.005.
Roden,M., Brims, D., Fedorov, A., DiLorenzo, T., Almo, S., Nathenson, s., Anovitz, L., and Wesolowski, D.. Sun . "Structural Analysis of H2-Db Class I Molecules Containing Two Different Allelic Forms of the type 1 Diabetes Susceptibility Factor beta-2 Microglobulin: Implications for the Mechanism Underlying Viriations in Antigen Presentation". United States. doi:10.1016/j.molimm.2005.08.005.
@article{osti_914089,
title = {Structural Analysis of H2-Db Class I Molecules Containing Two Different Allelic Forms of the type 1 Diabetes Susceptibility Factor beta-2 Microglobulin: Implications for the Mechanism Underlying Viriations in Antigen Presentation},
author = {Roden,M. and Brims, D. and Fedorov, A. and DiLorenzo, T. and Almo, S. and Nathenson, s. and Anovitz, L. and Wesolowski, D.},
abstractNote = {Beta-2 microglobulin ({beta}2m) is a member of the immunoglobulin-like domain superfamily that is an essential structural subunit of the MHC class I (MHC-I) molecule. {beta}2m was previously identified as a susceptibility factor for the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in NOD mice, whereby transgenic expression of the {beta}2m{sup a} variant, but not the {beta}2mb variant, restored diabetes susceptibility to normally resistant NOD.{beta}2m{sup null} mice. Here we report the crystal structures and thermodynamic stabilities of the NOD MHC-I molecule H2-D{sup b} containing these two variants. Our results reveal subtle differences in the structures of the {beta}2m variants, namely in minor loop shifts and in variations in the hydrogen bonding networks at the interfaces between the components of the ternary complex. We also demonstrate that the thermodynamic stabilities of the {beta}2m variants in isolation differ. However, the conformation of the peptide in the MHC cleft is unchanged in {beta}2m allelic Db complexes, as are the TCR recognition surfaces. Thus, despite modest structural differences between allelic complexes, the evidence indicates that D{sup b} peptide presentation of the representative peptide is unchanged in the context of either {beta}2m allelic variant. These data suggest that other mechanisms, such as differential association of MHC-I in multiprotein complexes, are likely responsible for the effect of {beta}2m on T1D development.},
doi = {10.1016/j.molimm.2005.08.005},
journal = {Mol. Immunol.},
number = 9,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}