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Title: Combined Technique Analysis of Punic Make-up Materials

Abstract

Ten archaeological Punic make-up samples from Tunisia dating from the 4th to the 1st centuries BC were analyzed by several techniques including Raman microscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction in order to determine their compositions. Eight samples were red and found to contain either quartz and cinnabar or quartz and haematite. The remaining two samples were pink, the main diffracting phase in them being quartz. Examination of these two samples by optical microscopy and by illumination under a UV lamp suggest that the pink dye is madder. These findings reveal the identities of the materials used by Carthaginians for cosmetic and/or ritual make-up purposes.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
914001
Report Number(s):
BNL-78569-2007-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0947-8396; APAMFC; TRN: US0801465
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Appl. Phys. A; Journal Volume: 83
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; AGE ESTIMATION; DYES; ILLUMINANCE; MICROSCOPY; OPTICAL MICROSCOPY; QUARTZ; SYNCHROTRONS; TUNISIA; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ARCHAEOLOGY; NSLS; national synchrotron light source

Citation Formats

Huq,A., Stephens, P., Ayed, N., Binous, H., Burgio, L., Clark, R., and Pantos, E.. Combined Technique Analysis of Punic Make-up Materials. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1007/s00339-006-3518-z.
Huq,A., Stephens, P., Ayed, N., Binous, H., Burgio, L., Clark, R., & Pantos, E.. Combined Technique Analysis of Punic Make-up Materials. United States. doi:10.1007/s00339-006-3518-z.
Huq,A., Stephens, P., Ayed, N., Binous, H., Burgio, L., Clark, R., and Pantos, E.. Sun . "Combined Technique Analysis of Punic Make-up Materials". United States. doi:10.1007/s00339-006-3518-z.
@article{osti_914001,
title = {Combined Technique Analysis of Punic Make-up Materials},
author = {Huq,A. and Stephens, P. and Ayed, N. and Binous, H. and Burgio, L. and Clark, R. and Pantos, E.},
abstractNote = {Ten archaeological Punic make-up samples from Tunisia dating from the 4th to the 1st centuries BC were analyzed by several techniques including Raman microscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction in order to determine their compositions. Eight samples were red and found to contain either quartz and cinnabar or quartz and haematite. The remaining two samples were pink, the main diffracting phase in them being quartz. Examination of these two samples by optical microscopy and by illumination under a UV lamp suggest that the pink dye is madder. These findings reveal the identities of the materials used by Carthaginians for cosmetic and/or ritual make-up purposes.},
doi = {10.1007/s00339-006-3518-z},
journal = {Appl. Phys. A},
number = ,
volume = 83,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}