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Title: H2 Enrichment with Simultaneous CO2 Concentration in a Membrane Reactor

Abstract

NETL envisions that the gasification of carbonaceous feedstocks may be the near- to mid-term sources of hydrogen for the transition to a renewable, hydrogen-based economy. However, the environmental impacts associated with the generation and emission of greenhouses gases from the gasification process remains a substantial concern. Therefore, NETL has devoted substantial resources towards the identification of efficient hydrogen separation and carbon capture/sequestration technologies. Hydrogen membranes integrated into a water-gas shift membrane reactor have been identified as a promising means of maximizing the production of pure hydrogen while simultaneously yielding a high-pressure, concentrated CO2 containing stream ready for sequestration. Research groups, including NETL, are exploring the viability of dense metal hydrogen membrane technologies to enhance the production and separation of hydrogen as well as the capture of carbon dioxide from the coal gasification process. Areas of research to ensure the success of dense metal membrane technologies for implementation into the gasification scheme includes the fabrication of thin metallic films and support materials, an understanding of the interaction of membrane materials in the presence of both major and minor gas constituents, chemical and temperature induced morphological changes and the identification of new membrane materials through experimental and computational exploration.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE - Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
912848
Report Number(s):
DOE/NETL-IR-2007-064
TRN: US200802%%409
DOE Contract Number:
None cited
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Gordon Research Conference on Hydrocarbon Resources: What Can Science Do For The Better Use Of Hydrocarbon Resources?, Ventura, CA, Jan. 7-12, 2007
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CARBON; CARBON DIOXIDE; COAL GASIFICATION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; FABRICATION; GASES; GASIFICATION; GREENHOUSE GASES; HYDROCARBONS; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN-BASED ECONOMY; MEMBRANES; MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES; VIABILITY; WATER GAS; coal gasification; hydrogen; greenhouse gases; carbon sequestration; carbon capture; hydrogen membranes

Citation Formats

Taylor, C.E., Morreale, B., Howard, B.H., and Killmeyer, R.P. H2 Enrichment with Simultaneous CO2 Concentration in a Membrane Reactor. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Taylor, C.E., Morreale, B., Howard, B.H., & Killmeyer, R.P. H2 Enrichment with Simultaneous CO2 Concentration in a Membrane Reactor. United States.
Taylor, C.E., Morreale, B., Howard, B.H., and Killmeyer, R.P. Mon . "H2 Enrichment with Simultaneous CO2 Concentration in a Membrane Reactor". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_912848,
title = {H2 Enrichment with Simultaneous CO2 Concentration in a Membrane Reactor},
author = {Taylor, C.E. and Morreale, B. and Howard, B.H. and Killmeyer, R.P},
abstractNote = {NETL envisions that the gasification of carbonaceous feedstocks may be the near- to mid-term sources of hydrogen for the transition to a renewable, hydrogen-based economy. However, the environmental impacts associated with the generation and emission of greenhouses gases from the gasification process remains a substantial concern. Therefore, NETL has devoted substantial resources towards the identification of efficient hydrogen separation and carbon capture/sequestration technologies. Hydrogen membranes integrated into a water-gas shift membrane reactor have been identified as a promising means of maximizing the production of pure hydrogen while simultaneously yielding a high-pressure, concentrated CO2 containing stream ready for sequestration. Research groups, including NETL, are exploring the viability of dense metal hydrogen membrane technologies to enhance the production and separation of hydrogen as well as the capture of carbon dioxide from the coal gasification process. Areas of research to ensure the success of dense metal membrane technologies for implementation into the gasification scheme includes the fabrication of thin metallic films and support materials, an understanding of the interaction of membrane materials in the presence of both major and minor gas constituents, chemical and temperature induced morphological changes and the identification of new membrane materials through experimental and computational exploration.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

Conference:
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