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Title: Final Technical Report: Development of the DUSTRAN GIS-Based Complex Terrain Model for Atmospheric Dust Dispersion

Abstract

Activities at U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) training and testing ranges can be sources of dust in local and regional airsheds governed by air-quality regulations. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory just completed a multi-year project to develop a fully tested and documented atmospheric dispersion modeling system (DUST TRANsport or DUSTRAN) to assist the DoD in addressing particulate air-quality issues at military training and testing ranges.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
912513
Report Number(s):
PNNL-16588
400403209; TRN: US200801%%1063
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR QUALITY; COMPLEX TERRAIN; DUSTS; PARTICULATES; REGULATIONS; SIMULATION; TESTING; TRAINING; TRANSPORT; US DOD

Citation Formats

Allwine, K Jerry, Rutz, Frederick C., Shaw, William J., Rishel, Jeremy P., Fritz, Brad G., Chapman, Elaine G., Hoopes, Bonnie L., and Seiple, Timothy E.. Final Technical Report: Development of the DUSTRAN GIS-Based Complex Terrain Model for Atmospheric Dust Dispersion. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2172/912513.
Allwine, K Jerry, Rutz, Frederick C., Shaw, William J., Rishel, Jeremy P., Fritz, Brad G., Chapman, Elaine G., Hoopes, Bonnie L., & Seiple, Timothy E.. Final Technical Report: Development of the DUSTRAN GIS-Based Complex Terrain Model for Atmospheric Dust Dispersion. United States. doi:10.2172/912513.
Allwine, K Jerry, Rutz, Frederick C., Shaw, William J., Rishel, Jeremy P., Fritz, Brad G., Chapman, Elaine G., Hoopes, Bonnie L., and Seiple, Timothy E.. Tue . "Final Technical Report: Development of the DUSTRAN GIS-Based Complex Terrain Model for Atmospheric Dust Dispersion". United States. doi:10.2172/912513. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/912513.
@article{osti_912513,
title = {Final Technical Report: Development of the DUSTRAN GIS-Based Complex Terrain Model for Atmospheric Dust Dispersion},
author = {Allwine, K Jerry and Rutz, Frederick C. and Shaw, William J. and Rishel, Jeremy P. and Fritz, Brad G. and Chapman, Elaine G. and Hoopes, Bonnie L. and Seiple, Timothy E.},
abstractNote = {Activities at U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) training and testing ranges can be sources of dust in local and regional airsheds governed by air-quality regulations. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory just completed a multi-year project to develop a fully tested and documented atmospheric dispersion modeling system (DUST TRANsport or DUSTRAN) to assist the DoD in addressing particulate air-quality issues at military training and testing ranges.},
doi = {10.2172/912513},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}

Technical Report:

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  • The U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory just completed a multi-year project to develop a fully tested and documented atmospheric dispersion modeling system (DUST TRANsport or DUSTRAN) to assist the U.S. Department of Defense in addressing particulate air quality issues at military training and testing ranges. This manual documents the DUSTRAN modeling system and includes installation instructions, a user’s guide, and detailed example tutorials.
  • DUSTRAN User's Guide that is a PNNL formal report for this project.
  • This report describes the theory and operation of a terrain preprocessor computer program which approximates actual terrain features with mathematical functions. The best-fit parameters for these functions are used by the Complex Terrain Dispersion Model (CTDM) in the calculation of lateral and vertical streamline displacement, an important step in the calculation of concentrations at hill receptor locations.
  • WADOCT (Wind and Diffusion Over Complex Terrain) is a complex terrain dispersion model capable of running on a microcomputer. It consists of two models-(1) AFWIND, a surface-layer windflow model, and (2) AFTOX, a Gaussian puff dispersion model. The terrain induced wind field and the dispersion pattern are computed separately and independently of each other. Through a transformation scheme the location and shape of the plume footprint is then adjusted to the computed wind field. An evaluation of the model is presented using data from the AMADEUS and the Mountain Iron dispersion experiments. The evaluation shows that the model tends tomore » underpredict the adjustment to the wind direction and overpredict the length and width of the plume footprint.« less
  • The Complex Terrain Dispersion Model (CTDM) is a refined air-quality model for use in complex-terrain applications. Its use of meteorological input data and terrain information is different than current EPA models; considerable detail for both types of input data are required and are supplied by preprocessors specifically designed for CTDM. CTDM requires the parameterization of individual hill shapes using the terrain preprocessor and the association of each model receptor with a particular hill. A central feature of CTDM is its use of a critical dividing-streamline height (Hc) to separate the flow in the vicinity of a hill into two separatemore » layers; one of which flows over the hill, the other around it. The model will calculate on an hourly basis how the plume trajectory and shape are deformed by each hill. The computed concentration at each receptor is then derived from the receptor position on the hill and the resultant plume position and shape. The User's Guide describes the computer program, and gives instructions on its use.« less