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Title: The Development of Synthetic Soil Materials for the Successful Reclamation of Abandoned Mined Land Sites

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Western Research Institute
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Song Jin. The Development of Synthetic Soil Materials for the Successful Reclamation of Abandoned Mined Land Sites. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.2172/910139.
Song Jin. The Development of Synthetic Soil Materials for the Successful Reclamation of Abandoned Mined Land Sites. United States. doi:10.2172/910139.
Song Jin. Mon . "The Development of Synthetic Soil Materials for the Successful Reclamation of Abandoned Mined Land Sites". United States. doi:10.2172/910139.
title = {The Development of Synthetic Soil Materials for the Successful Reclamation of Abandoned Mined Land Sites},
author = {Song Jin},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.2172/910139},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2006},
month = {Mon May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2006}

Technical Report:

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  • Abandoned mine sites associated with coal and metal mining across the western United States have been left as unproductive wastelands. The availability of soil materials or other materials to support the restoration of the vegetative cover and enhance the recovery of such areas is limited. The restoration of these areas often requires the use of available amendments such as organic waste products or to help stabilize the soil. Many of the organic waste products, including sewage sludge, clarifier sludge, fly ash sludge, and other by-products from the agricultural industries such as compost can be employed for beneficial uses. This studymore » looked at the feasibility of applying organic waste products to a mine soil in Montana to increase soil fertility and enhance plant productivity. Waste rock samples were tested for acid forming potential via acid base accounting. Samples cores were constructed and leached with simulated rainwater to determine amendment affect on metal leaching. A greenhouse study was completed to determine the most suitable amendment(s) for the field mine land site. Results from the acid base accounting indicate that acid formed from the waste rock would be neutralized with the alkalinity in the system. Results also show that metals in solution are easily held by organics from the amendments and not allowed to leach in to the surrounding water system. Data from the greenhouse study indicated that the amendment of sewage sludge was most promising. Application of 2% sewage sludge along with 1% sewage sludge plus 1% clarifier sludge, 2% compost, and no treatment were used for mine land application. Initial results were encouraging and it appears that sewage sludge may be a good reclamation option for mine lands.« less
  • This bibliography has been compiled for use by planners who, within their areas of responsibility, deal with the problems presented by surface mining and reclamation. Every effort has been made to identify and to annotate those entries considered most useful in the development of plans for reclamation and after-mining land use. The coverage of varied surface mining and reclamation studies is intended to access the reader to documents and works related to legal, economic, and technological aspects: materials that treat with procedural, planning, and regulatory factors pertaining to land use and reclamation. The technical level of each annotated entry hasmore » been assessed to rank skills required for the comprehension and utilization of the work in question. This bibliography has been formulated to be used as a tool by municipal, county, and regional planners in a field of study in which guidelines are as yet few and diverse in approach.« less
  • Soil and vegetation development were studied on abandoned mine sites near Velva in Ward County, North Dakota. The sites studied were 1, 7, 17, 30 and 45 years old since abandonment; unmined sites were also studied to provide measures of comparison. Species diversity was the highest at unmined sites (114) and lowest at the 1 year old site (26). Stand-environmental complex ordinations encompassing 53 variables showed topographic variables to be the most important followed by site ages. Rates of nutrient accumulations were given in the report.
  • The reports in this series are designed primarily to familiarize professional land use and resource planners with the range of possibilities and effective procedures for achieving integrated mining, reclamation, and land use planning. These reports are based on a research program which included an extensive literature review, the compilation and analysis of case study data, and close coordination and interaction with related government programs. In Volume 3, A Guide to Mined Area Reclamation Technology for Reclamation and Land Use Planners, the method used to reclaim land in each of several mineral industries are discussed in relation to the physical andmore » cultural constraints that must be considered in planning a reclamation program. Much of the information for this document was obtained from case studies conducted in several mining districts. Volume 3B presents data from a case study of surface mining and reclamation planning, International Minerals and Chemical Corporation, Phosphate Operations, Polk County, Florida.« less
  • The concept of the integration of reclamation planning with land-use planning is traced historically through this report. Examples are given of successful efforts to integrate these two types of planning in various extractive industries. The processes of land-use planning and plan implementation are described as they relate to resource protection extraction regulation, and site reclamation. In addition, a model for integrating land-use planning and reclamation planning is developed to illustrate procedures for achieving, and factors which might prevent, effective integration of the various planning processes.