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Title: A Numerical Investigation into the Anomalous Slight NOx Increase when Burning Biodiesel: A New (Old) Theory

Abstract

Biodiesel is a notable alternative to petroleum derived diesel fuel because it comes from natural domestic sources and thus reduces dependence on diminishing petroleum fuel from foreign sources, it likely lowers lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, and it lowers an engine's emission of most pollutants as compared to petroleum derived diesel. However, the use of biodiesel often slightly increases a diesel engine's emission of smog forming nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) relative to petroleum diesel. In this paper, previously proposed theories for this slight NOx increase are reviewed, including theories based on biodiesel's cetane number, which leads to differing amounts of charge preheating, and theories based on the fuel's bulk modulus, which affects injection timing. This paper proposes an additional theory for the slight NO{sub x} increase of biodiesel. Biodiesel typically contains more double bonded molecules than petroleum derived diesel. These double bonded molecules have a slightly higher adiabatic flame temperature, which leads to the increase in NOx production for biodiesel. Our theory was verified using numerical simulations to show a NOx increase, due to the double bonded molecules, that is consistent with observation. Further, the details of these numerical simulations show that NOx is predominantly due to the Zeldovich mechanism.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
909645
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JRNL-227647
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-3820; FPTEDY; TRN: US200723%%104
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 88, N/A, June 1, 2007, pp. 659-667; Journal Volume: 88
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; COMBUSTION PROPERTIES; DIESEL FUELS; GREENHOUSES; NITROGEN OXIDES; PETROLEUM; POLLUTANTS; PRODUCTION; SMOG

Citation Formats

Ban-Weiss, G A, Chen, J Y, Buchholz, B A, and Dibble, R W. A Numerical Investigation into the Anomalous Slight NOx Increase when Burning Biodiesel: A New (Old) Theory. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2007.01.007.
Ban-Weiss, G A, Chen, J Y, Buchholz, B A, & Dibble, R W. A Numerical Investigation into the Anomalous Slight NOx Increase when Burning Biodiesel: A New (Old) Theory. United States. doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2007.01.007.
Ban-Weiss, G A, Chen, J Y, Buchholz, B A, and Dibble, R W. Tue . "A Numerical Investigation into the Anomalous Slight NOx Increase when Burning Biodiesel: A New (Old) Theory". United States. doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2007.01.007. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/909645.
@article{osti_909645,
title = {A Numerical Investigation into the Anomalous Slight NOx Increase when Burning Biodiesel: A New (Old) Theory},
author = {Ban-Weiss, G A and Chen, J Y and Buchholz, B A and Dibble, R W},
abstractNote = {Biodiesel is a notable alternative to petroleum derived diesel fuel because it comes from natural domestic sources and thus reduces dependence on diminishing petroleum fuel from foreign sources, it likely lowers lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, and it lowers an engine's emission of most pollutants as compared to petroleum derived diesel. However, the use of biodiesel often slightly increases a diesel engine's emission of smog forming nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) relative to petroleum diesel. In this paper, previously proposed theories for this slight NOx increase are reviewed, including theories based on biodiesel's cetane number, which leads to differing amounts of charge preheating, and theories based on the fuel's bulk modulus, which affects injection timing. This paper proposes an additional theory for the slight NO{sub x} increase of biodiesel. Biodiesel typically contains more double bonded molecules than petroleum derived diesel. These double bonded molecules have a slightly higher adiabatic flame temperature, which leads to the increase in NOx production for biodiesel. Our theory was verified using numerical simulations to show a NOx increase, due to the double bonded molecules, that is consistent with observation. Further, the details of these numerical simulations show that NOx is predominantly due to the Zeldovich mechanism.},
doi = {10.1016/j.fuproc.2007.01.007},
journal = {Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 88, N/A, June 1, 2007, pp. 659-667},
number = ,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 30 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Tue Jan 30 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}