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Title: Dynamics of Granular Materials and Particle-Laden Flows

Abstract

Rapid granular flows and particle-laden flows were studied in laboratory experiments, molecular dynamics simulations, and simulations of continuum equations. The research demonstrated that the inclusion of friction is crucial in realistic modeling of granular flows; hence extensive previous analyses and simulations by many researchers for frictionless particles must be reconsidered in the light of our work. We also made the first detailed comparison between experiment and the predictions of continuum theory for granular media (hydrodynamic equations). We found that shock waves easily form in granular flows since the speed of sound waves (pressure fluctuations) in a granular gas is small, typically 10 cm, while flow velocities are easily an order of magnitude larger. Our measurements on vertically oscillating granular layers led to the development of a novel technique for continuously separating particles of different sizes. Our study of craters formed by the impact of a projectile in a granular medium showed, surprisingly, that the time taken for a projectile to come to a rest in the granular layer is independent of the projectile’s impact energy. Another study supported by this grant examined a vertically oscillating layer of a mixture of cornstarch and water. The discovery of stable holes in themore » mixture was reported widely in the popular press, e.g., Science News [15 May 2004], “Imaging poking a liquid to create holes that persist like the holes in Swiss cheese. Incredible as that might sound, a group of scientists has done it.” Further experiments on glass spheres in an aqueous solution yielded the same holey fluid phenomenon, supporting our conjecture that such holes may occur in dense concentrations of particles in solution in industrial applications.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
The University of Texas at Austin
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
909616
Report Number(s):
DOE-ER14312
TRN: US200722%%1340
DOE Contract Number:  
FG03-93ER14312
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; FLUCTUATIONS; FRICTION; GLASS; GRANULAR MATERIALS; MIXTURES; PROJECTILES; SHOCK WAVES; SIMULATION; SOUND WAVES; VELOCITY; WATER; Granular media; Nonlinear dynamics; Shock waves; Patterns

Citation Formats

Swinney, Harry L. Dynamics of Granular Materials and Particle-Laden Flows. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2172/909616.
Swinney, Harry L. Dynamics of Granular Materials and Particle-Laden Flows. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/909616
Swinney, Harry L. Wed . "Dynamics of Granular Materials and Particle-Laden Flows". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/909616. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/909616.
@article{osti_909616,
title = {Dynamics of Granular Materials and Particle-Laden Flows},
author = {Swinney, Harry L},
abstractNote = {Rapid granular flows and particle-laden flows were studied in laboratory experiments, molecular dynamics simulations, and simulations of continuum equations. The research demonstrated that the inclusion of friction is crucial in realistic modeling of granular flows; hence extensive previous analyses and simulations by many researchers for frictionless particles must be reconsidered in the light of our work. We also made the first detailed comparison between experiment and the predictions of continuum theory for granular media (hydrodynamic equations). We found that shock waves easily form in granular flows since the speed of sound waves (pressure fluctuations) in a granular gas is small, typically 10 cm, while flow velocities are easily an order of magnitude larger. Our measurements on vertically oscillating granular layers led to the development of a novel technique for continuously separating particles of different sizes. Our study of craters formed by the impact of a projectile in a granular medium showed, surprisingly, that the time taken for a projectile to come to a rest in the granular layer is independent of the projectile’s impact energy. Another study supported by this grant examined a vertically oscillating layer of a mixture of cornstarch and water. The discovery of stable holes in the mixture was reported widely in the popular press, e.g., Science News [15 May 2004], “Imaging poking a liquid to create holes that persist like the holes in Swiss cheese. Incredible as that might sound, a group of scientists has done it.” Further experiments on glass spheres in an aqueous solution yielded the same holey fluid phenomenon, supporting our conjecture that such holes may occur in dense concentrations of particles in solution in industrial applications.},
doi = {10.2172/909616},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/909616}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2007},
month = {7}
}