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Title: Continuous flow dielectrophoretic particle concentrator

Abstract

A continuous-flow filter/concentrator for separating and/or concentrating particles in a fluid is disclosed. The filter is a three-port device an inlet port, an filter port and a concentrate port. The filter separates particles into two streams by the ratio of their dielectrophoretic mobility to their electrokinetic, advective, or diffusive mobility if the dominant transport mechanism is electrokinesis, advection, or diffusion, respectively.Also disclosed is a device for separating and/or concentrating particles by dielectrophoretic trapping of the particles.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Livermore, CA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
908977
Patent Number(s):
7,204,923
Application Number:
10/176,322
Assignee:
Sandia National Laboratories (Livermore, CA) ALO
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Cummings, Eric B. Continuous flow dielectrophoretic particle concentrator. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Cummings, Eric B. Continuous flow dielectrophoretic particle concentrator. United States.
Cummings, Eric B. Tue . "Continuous flow dielectrophoretic particle concentrator". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/908977.
@article{osti_908977,
title = {Continuous flow dielectrophoretic particle concentrator},
author = {Cummings, Eric B},
abstractNote = {A continuous-flow filter/concentrator for separating and/or concentrating particles in a fluid is disclosed. The filter is a three-port device an inlet port, an filter port and a concentrate port. The filter separates particles into two streams by the ratio of their dielectrophoretic mobility to their electrokinetic, advective, or diffusive mobility if the dominant transport mechanism is electrokinesis, advection, or diffusion, respectively.Also disclosed is a device for separating and/or concentrating particles by dielectrophoretic trapping of the particles.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Apr 17 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue Apr 17 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}

Patent:

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  • Hydrodynamic enhanced dielectrophoretic particle trapping carried out by introducing a side stream into the main stream to squeeze the fluid containing particles close to the electrodes producing the dielelectrophoretic forces. The region of most effective or the strongest forces in the manipulating fields of the electrodes producing the dielectrophoretic forces is close to the electrodes, within 100 .mu.m from the electrodes. The particle trapping arrangement uses a series of electrodes with an AC field placed between pairs of electrodes, which causes trapping of particles along the edges of the electrodes. By forcing an incoming flow stream containing cells and DNA,more » for example, close to the electrodes using another flow stream improves the efficiency of the DNA trapping.« less
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  • The use of dielectrophoresis to collect particles under the conditions of electrokinetically-driven flow. Dielectrophortic concentration of particles under electrokinetic flow is accomplished by interdigitated electrodes patterned on an inner surface of a microfluid channel, a DC voltage is applied across the ends to the channel, and an AC voltage is applied across the electrodes, and particles swept down the channel electrokinetically are trapped within the field established by the electrodes. The particles can be released when the voltage to the electrodes is released.
  • Technology is presented for the high efficiency concentration of fine and ultrafine airborne particles into a small fraction of the sampled airflow by condensational enlargement, aerodynamic focusing and flow separation. A nozzle concentrator structure including an acceleration nozzle with a flow extraction structure may be coupled to a containment vessel. The containment vessel may include a water condensation growth tube to facilitate the concentration of ultrafine particles. The containment vessel may further include a separate carrier flow introduced at the center of the sampled flow, upstream of the acceleration nozzle of the nozzle concentrator to facilitate the separation of particlemore » and vapor constituents.« less