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Title: Crystalline Ice Growth on Pt(111) and Pd(111): Nonwetting Growth on a Hydrophobic Water Monolayer

Abstract

The growth of crystalline water films on Pt(111) and Pd(111) is investigated using temperature programmed desorption of the water films and of rare gases adsorbed on the water films. The water monolayer wets both Pt(111) and Pd(111) at all temperatures investigated (e.g. 20-155 K, for Pt(111)). However, crystalline ice films grown at higher temperatures (e.g. T>135 K) do not wet the monolayer. Similar results are obtained for crystalline ice films of D2O and H2O. Amorphous water films, which initially wet the surface, crystallize and dewet exposing the water monlayer when they are annealed at higher temperatures. Thinner films crystallize and dewet at lower temperatures than thicker films. For samples sputtered with energetic Xe atoms to prepare ice crystallites surrounded by bare Pt(111), subsequent annealing of the films causes water molecules to diffuse off the ice crystallites to reform the water monolayer. A simple model suggests that, for crystalline films grown at high temperatures, the ice crystallites are initially widely separated with typical distances between crystallites of ~14 nm or more. The experimental results are consistent with recent theory and experiments suggesting that the molecules in the water monolayer form a surface with no dangling OH bonds or lone pair electrons,more » giving rise to a hydrophobic water monolayer on both Pt(111) and Pd(111).« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
908944
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-51889
Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606; JCPSA6; 18397; 21797; 21891; KC0301020; TRN: US200722%%826
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics, 126(11):Art. No. 114702; Journal Volume: 126; Journal Issue: 11
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; PLATINUM; PALLADIUM; SUBSTRATES; ICE; CRYSTAL GROWTH; FILMS; WETTABILITY; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

Citation Formats

Kimmel, Greg A., Petrik, Nikolay G., Dohnalek, Zdenek, and Kay, Bruce D. Crystalline Ice Growth on Pt(111) and Pd(111): Nonwetting Growth on a Hydrophobic Water Monolayer. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2672869.
Kimmel, Greg A., Petrik, Nikolay G., Dohnalek, Zdenek, & Kay, Bruce D. Crystalline Ice Growth on Pt(111) and Pd(111): Nonwetting Growth on a Hydrophobic Water Monolayer. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2672869.
Kimmel, Greg A., Petrik, Nikolay G., Dohnalek, Zdenek, and Kay, Bruce D. Wed . "Crystalline Ice Growth on Pt(111) and Pd(111): Nonwetting Growth on a Hydrophobic Water Monolayer". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2672869.
@article{osti_908944,
title = {Crystalline Ice Growth on Pt(111) and Pd(111): Nonwetting Growth on a Hydrophobic Water Monolayer},
author = {Kimmel, Greg A. and Petrik, Nikolay G. and Dohnalek, Zdenek and Kay, Bruce D.},
abstractNote = {The growth of crystalline water films on Pt(111) and Pd(111) is investigated using temperature programmed desorption of the water films and of rare gases adsorbed on the water films. The water monolayer wets both Pt(111) and Pd(111) at all temperatures investigated (e.g. 20-155 K, for Pt(111)). However, crystalline ice films grown at higher temperatures (e.g. T>135 K) do not wet the monolayer. Similar results are obtained for crystalline ice films of D2O and H2O. Amorphous water films, which initially wet the surface, crystallize and dewet exposing the water monlayer when they are annealed at higher temperatures. Thinner films crystallize and dewet at lower temperatures than thicker films. For samples sputtered with energetic Xe atoms to prepare ice crystallites surrounded by bare Pt(111), subsequent annealing of the films causes water molecules to diffuse off the ice crystallites to reform the water monolayer. A simple model suggests that, for crystalline films grown at high temperatures, the ice crystallites are initially widely separated with typical distances between crystallites of ~14 nm or more. The experimental results are consistent with recent theory and experiments suggesting that the molecules in the water monolayer form a surface with no dangling OH bonds or lone pair electrons, giving rise to a hydrophobic water monolayer on both Pt(111) and Pd(111).},
doi = {10.1063/1.2672869},
journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics, 126(11):Art. No. 114702},
number = 11,
volume = 126,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 21 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Wed Mar 21 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}