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Title: Doping Golden Buckyballs: Cu@Au16- and Cu@Au17- Cluster Anions

Abstract

The discovery of the unique catalytic effects of gold nanoparticles on oxide substrates has stimulated a flurry of research into the structures and properties of free gold nanoclusters, which may hold the key to elucidating the catalytic mechanisms of supported gold clusters. One of the most remarkable results has been the discovery of planar gold cluster anions (Aun_) of up to twelve gold atoms and the 2D to 3D transition for clusters with n larger than 12. Among larger gold clusters, Au20 has been found to be a perfect tetrahedron. A more recent study of the structures of Aun_ cluster anions in the medium size range (n=15–19) has shown that clusters with n=16–18 possess unprecedented empty cage structures. In particular, the Au16_ cluster anion has an interesting tetrahedral structure with an inner diameter of about 5.5 0 and can be compared to the fullerenes (buckyballs). Although Au32 was first suggested to be a “24- carat golden fullerene”, subsequent studies showed that the Au32_ ion is in fact a low-symmetry compact 3D structure. Other larger gold cage clusters have also been proposed computationally, but none has been observed or is expected to be the global minimum. The cage structures of themore » cluster anions Au16_ and Au17_ have recently been confirmed by electron diffraction and thus they are the first experimentally confirmed and the smallest possible gold cages. The large empty space inside these cage clusters immediately suggested that they can be doped with a foreign atom to produce a new class of endohedral gold cages analogous to endohedral fullerenes.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
908731
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-54881
Journal ID: ISSN 0570-0833; ACIEAY; 3423a; 25099; KP1704020; TRN: US200722%%764
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 46(16):2915-2918; Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 16
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COPPER; GOLD; MOLECULAR CLUSTERS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

Citation Formats

Wang, Leiming, Bulusu, Satya, Zhai, Hua-jin, Zeng, Xiao Cheng, and Wang, Lai S. Doping Golden Buckyballs: Cu@Au16- and Cu@Au17- Cluster Anions. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1002/anie.200700060.
Wang, Leiming, Bulusu, Satya, Zhai, Hua-jin, Zeng, Xiao Cheng, & Wang, Lai S. Doping Golden Buckyballs: Cu@Au16- and Cu@Au17- Cluster Anions. United States. doi:10.1002/anie.200700060.
Wang, Leiming, Bulusu, Satya, Zhai, Hua-jin, Zeng, Xiao Cheng, and Wang, Lai S. Fri . "Doping Golden Buckyballs: Cu@Au16- and Cu@Au17- Cluster Anions". United States. doi:10.1002/anie.200700060.
@article{osti_908731,
title = {Doping Golden Buckyballs: Cu@Au16- and Cu@Au17- Cluster Anions},
author = {Wang, Leiming and Bulusu, Satya and Zhai, Hua-jin and Zeng, Xiao Cheng and Wang, Lai S.},
abstractNote = {The discovery of the unique catalytic effects of gold nanoparticles on oxide substrates has stimulated a flurry of research into the structures and properties of free gold nanoclusters, which may hold the key to elucidating the catalytic mechanisms of supported gold clusters. One of the most remarkable results has been the discovery of planar gold cluster anions (Aun_) of up to twelve gold atoms and the 2D to 3D transition for clusters with n larger than 12. Among larger gold clusters, Au20 has been found to be a perfect tetrahedron. A more recent study of the structures of Aun_ cluster anions in the medium size range (n=15–19) has shown that clusters with n=16–18 possess unprecedented empty cage structures. In particular, the Au16_ cluster anion has an interesting tetrahedral structure with an inner diameter of about 5.5 0 and can be compared to the fullerenes (buckyballs). Although Au32 was first suggested to be a “24- carat golden fullerene”, subsequent studies showed that the Au32_ ion is in fact a low-symmetry compact 3D structure. Other larger gold cage clusters have also been proposed computationally, but none has been observed or is expected to be the global minimum. The cage structures of the cluster anions Au16_ and Au17_ have recently been confirmed by electron diffraction and thus they are the first experimentally confirmed and the smallest possible gold cages. The large empty space inside these cage clusters immediately suggested that they can be doped with a foreign atom to produce a new class of endohedral gold cages analogous to endohedral fullerenes.},
doi = {10.1002/anie.200700060},
journal = {Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 46(16):2915-2918},
number = 16,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Apr 13 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Fri Apr 13 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}