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Title: Empirical Study of the Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Milestone Report

Abstract

The objective of this work was to develop a database that supports specific proposals for a stability test and specification for biodiesel and biodiesel blends. B100 samples from 19 biodiesel producers were obtained in December of 2005 and January of 2006 and tested for stability. Eight of these samples were then selected for additional study, including long-term storage tests and blending at 5% and 20% with a number of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuels.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
908196
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-540-41619
TRN: US200722%%542
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-99-GO10337
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; DIESEL FUELS; SPECIFICATIONS; STABILITY; STORAGE; SULFUR; BIOFUELS; BIODIESEL; DATABASE; B100; BIODIESEL BLEND; STORAGE TEST; Transportation

Citation Formats

McCormick, R. L., and Westbrook, S. R. Empirical Study of the Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Milestone Report. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2172/908196.
McCormick, R. L., & Westbrook, S. R. Empirical Study of the Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Milestone Report. United States. doi:10.2172/908196.
McCormick, R. L., and Westbrook, S. R. Tue . "Empirical Study of the Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Milestone Report". United States. doi:10.2172/908196. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/908196.
@article{osti_908196,
title = {Empirical Study of the Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Milestone Report},
author = {McCormick, R. L. and Westbrook, S. R.},
abstractNote = {The objective of this work was to develop a database that supports specific proposals for a stability test and specification for biodiesel and biodiesel blends. B100 samples from 19 biodiesel producers were obtained in December of 2005 and January of 2006 and tested for stability. Eight of these samples were then selected for additional study, including long-term storage tests and blending at 5% and 20% with a number of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuels.},
doi = {10.2172/908196},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}

Technical Report:

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  • The objective was to determine if testing entire vehicles, vs. just the engines, on a heavy-duty chassis dynamometer provides a better, measurement of the impact of B20 on emissions.
  • Reports results gathered in 2004 from quality and stability surveys in the United States of biodiesel (B100) and 20% biodiesel (B20) in petroleum diesel.
  • This is an interim report for a study of biodiesel oxidative stability. It describes characterization and accelerated stability test results for 19 B100 samples and six diesel fuels.
  • Research results on the performance of biodiesel and biodiesel blends with ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) and a diesel particle filter (DPF).
  • Biodiesel is a diesel-like fuel that is derived from processing vegetable oils from various sources, such as soy oil, rapeseed or canola oil, and also waste vegetable oils resulting from cooking use. Brookhaven National laboratory initiated an evaluation of the performance of blends of biodiesel and home heating oil in space heating applications under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This report is a result of this work performed in the laboratory. A number of blends of varying amounts of a biodiesel in home heating fuel were tested in both amore » residential heating system and a commercial size boiler. The results demonstrate that blends of biodiesel and heating oil can be used with few or no modifications to the equipment or operating practices in space heating. The results also showed that there were environmental benefits from the biodiesel addition in terms of reductions in smoke and in Nitrogen Oxides (NOx). The latter result was particularly surprising and of course welcome, in view of the previous results in diesel engines where no changes had been seen. Residential size combustion equipment is presently not subject to NOx regulation. If reductions in NOx similar to those observed here hold up in larger size (commercial and industrial) boilers, a significant increase in the use of biodiesel-like fuel blends could become possible.« less