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Title: Geant4 Physics


No abstract prepared.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC)
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-018X; TANSAO; TRN: US0703219
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Trans.Amer.Nucl.Soc.95:758-759,2006; Journal Volume: 95
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Wright, D.H., and /SLAC. Geant4 Physics. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Wright, D.H., & /SLAC. Geant4 Physics. United States.
Wright, D.H., and /SLAC. Mon . "Geant4 Physics". United States. doi:.
title = {Geant4 Physics},
author = {Wright, D.H. and /SLAC},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {},
journal = {Trans.Amer.Nucl.Soc.95:758-759,2006},
number = ,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon May 07 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Mon May 07 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
  • This work involves a validation of the photon and electron transport of the GEANT4 particle simulation toolkit for radiotherapy physics applications. We examine the cross sections and sampling algorithms of the three electromagnetic physics models in version 4.6.1 of the toolkit: Standard, Low-energy, and Penelope. The depth dose distributions in water for incident monoenergetic and clinical beams are compared to the EGSNRC results. In photon beam simulations, all three models agree with EGSNRC to within 2%, except for the buildup region. Larger deviations are found for incident electron beams, and the differences are affected by user-imposed electron step limitations. Particlemore » distributions through thin layers of clinical target materials, and perturbation effects near high-Z and low-Z interfaces are also investigated. The electron step size artifacts observed in our studies indicate potential problems with the condensed history algorithm. A careful selection of physics processes and transport parameters is needed for optimum efficiency and accuracy.« less
  • We present comparison studies between Geant4 shower packages and ATLAS Tile Calorimeter test-beam data collected at CERN in H8 beam line at the SPS. Emphasis is put on hadronic physics lists and data concerning differences between Tilecal response to pions and protons of same energy. The ratio between the pure hadronic fraction of pion and the pure hadronic fraction of proton F{sub h}{sup {pi}}/F{sub h}{sup p} was estimated with Tilecal test-beam data and compared with Geant4 simulations.
  • The Geant4 hadronic models cover the entire range of energies required by calorimeters in new and planned experiments. The extension and improvement of the elastic, cascade, parameterized and quark-gluon string models will be discussed. Such improvements include the extension to more particle types, a review and correction of cross sections, and a better treatment of energy and momentum conservation. Concurrent with this development has been a validation program which includes comparisons with double differential cross sections. An ongoing hadronic shower validation will also be discussed which includes the examination of longitudinal shower shapes and the performance of the above modelsmore » as well as their interaction with electromagnetic processes such as multiple scattering.« less
  • GEANT4 is a detector simulation toolkit aimed at studying, mainly experimental high energy physics. In this paper we will give an overview of this software with special reference to its applications in high energy physics experiments. A brief of process methods is given. Object-oriented nature of the simulation toolkit is highlighted.
  • The capabilities of the personal computers allow the application of Monte Carlo methods to simulate very complex problems that involve the transport of particles through matter. Among the several codes commonly employed in nuclear physics problems, the GEANT4 has received great attention in the last years, mainly due to its flexibility and possibility to be improved by the users. Differently from other Monte Carlo codes, GEANT4 is a toolkit written in object oriented language (C++) that includes the mathematical engine of several physical processes, which are suitable to be employed in the transport of practically all types of particles andmore » heavy ions. GEANT4 has also several tools to define materials, geometry, sources of radiation, beams of particles, electromagnetic fields, and graphical visualization of the experimental setup. After a brief description of the GEANT4 toolkit, this presentation reports investigations carried out by our group that involve simulations in the areas of dosimetry, nuclear instrumentation and medical physics. The physical processes available for photons, electrons, positrons and heavy ions were used in these simulations.« less