skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Interim report:feasibility of microscale glucose reforming for renewable hydrogen.

Abstract

Micro-scale aqueous steam reforming of glucose is suggested as a novel method of H{sub 2} production for micro fuel cells. Compact fuel cell systems are a viable alternative to batteries as a portable electrical power source. Compared with conventional lithium polymer batteries, hydrocarbon powered fuel cells are smaller, weigh less, and have a much higher energy density. The goal of this project is to develop a hydrocarbon powered microfuel processor capable of driving an existing microfuel cell, and this interim report provides a summary of the engineering information for microscale reforming of carbohydrates and the summarizes the work completed as of September 2006. Work on this program will continue. Gas analysis of the gas evolved from glucose breakdown using a quadrupole mass spectrometer is now possible due do significant modifications to the vacuum chamber and to the mass spectrometer electronics. Effective adhesion of Pt/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to 316SS microstructured catalyst plates is still under investigation. Electrophoretic and dip coat methods of catalyst deposition have produced coatings with poor adhesion and limited available Pt surface area.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. (New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
902223
Report Number(s):
SAND2007-1713
TRN: US200717%%494
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; ADHESION; BREAKDOWN; CARBOHYDRATES; CATALYSTS; COATINGS; DEPOSITION; ENERGY DENSITY; FUEL CELLS; GAS ANALYSIS; GLUCOSE; HYDROCARBONS; HYDROGEN; LITHIUM; MASS SPECTROMETERS; POLYMERS; QUADRUPOLES; STEAM; SURFACE AREA; Fuel cells-Research.; Hydrogen.; Power resources-Sources.; Glucose

Citation Formats

Norman, Kirsten. Interim report:feasibility of microscale glucose reforming for renewable hydrogen.. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2172/902223.
Norman, Kirsten. Interim report:feasibility of microscale glucose reforming for renewable hydrogen.. United States. doi:10.2172/902223.
Norman, Kirsten. Thu . "Interim report:feasibility of microscale glucose reforming for renewable hydrogen.". United States. doi:10.2172/902223. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/902223.
@article{osti_902223,
title = {Interim report:feasibility of microscale glucose reforming for renewable hydrogen.},
author = {Norman, Kirsten},
abstractNote = {Micro-scale aqueous steam reforming of glucose is suggested as a novel method of H{sub 2} production for micro fuel cells. Compact fuel cell systems are a viable alternative to batteries as a portable electrical power source. Compared with conventional lithium polymer batteries, hydrocarbon powered fuel cells are smaller, weigh less, and have a much higher energy density. The goal of this project is to develop a hydrocarbon powered microfuel processor capable of driving an existing microfuel cell, and this interim report provides a summary of the engineering information for microscale reforming of carbohydrates and the summarizes the work completed as of September 2006. Work on this program will continue. Gas analysis of the gas evolved from glucose breakdown using a quadrupole mass spectrometer is now possible due do significant modifications to the vacuum chamber and to the mass spectrometer electronics. Effective adhesion of Pt/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to 316SS microstructured catalyst plates is still under investigation. Electrophoretic and dip coat methods of catalyst deposition have produced coatings with poor adhesion and limited available Pt surface area.},
doi = {10.2172/902223},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2007},
month = {3}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share: