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Title: Role of Substrate Cues in Habitat Selection by Recently Metamorphosed Bufo terrestris and Scaphiopus holbrookii

Abstract

No abstract prepared.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Savannah River Ecology Laboratory (SREL), Aiken, SC
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
898795
Report Number(s):
SREL-3002
Journal ID: JHERAH; TRN: US200706%%257
DOE Contract Number:
DE-FC09-07SR22506
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Herpetology; Journal Volume: 41
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; TOADS; HABITAT; SUBSTRATES; DECISION MAKING

Citation Formats

Baughman, B. and B. D. Todd. Role of Substrate Cues in Habitat Selection by Recently Metamorphosed Bufo terrestris and Scaphiopus holbrookii. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1670/0022-1511(2007)41[154:ROSCIH]2.0.CO;2.
Baughman, B. and B. D. Todd. Role of Substrate Cues in Habitat Selection by Recently Metamorphosed Bufo terrestris and Scaphiopus holbrookii. United States. doi:10.1670/0022-1511(2007)41[154:ROSCIH]2.0.CO;2.
Baughman, B. and B. D. Todd. Mon . "Role of Substrate Cues in Habitat Selection by Recently Metamorphosed Bufo terrestris and Scaphiopus holbrookii". United States. doi:10.1670/0022-1511(2007)41[154:ROSCIH]2.0.CO;2.
@article{osti_898795,
title = {Role of Substrate Cues in Habitat Selection by Recently Metamorphosed Bufo terrestris and Scaphiopus holbrookii},
author = {Baughman, B. and B. D. Todd},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {10.1670/0022-1511(2007)41[154:ROSCIH]2.0.CO;2},
journal = {Journal of Herpetology},
number = ,
volume = 41,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}
  • ABSTRACT In the southeastern United States, coarse woody debris (CWD) typically harbors high densities of invertebrates. However, its importance as a foraging substrate for southeastern amphibians is relatively unknown. We examined effects of CWD manipulations on diet composition of southern toads (Bufo terrestris) in upland loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) stands in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina. Twelve 9.3-ha plots were assigned one of the following treatments: removal- all CWD _10 cm in diameter and _60 cm long removed; downed- five-fold increase in volume of down CWD; and unmanipulated control stands. We collected southern toads _4 cm snout-vent length (SVL)more » during 14 d sampling periods in June and October 2002, June 2003 and during a 28 d sampling period in April 2003. We collected 80, 36 and 35 southern toads in control, downed and removal treatments, respectively. We found no difference in relative abundance or frequency of invertebrate groups consumed among treatments (P.0.05). Average body weight (g), SVL (cm) and stomach content weight (g wet) of individuals also were similar among treatments (P . 0.05). The role of CWD as a foraging substrate for southern toads in loblolly pine stands of the southeastern Coastal Plain may be negligible, at least in the early stages of decay.« less
  • Southern toads (Bufo terrestris) are found in coal fly ash collection basins associated with coal-burning electrical power plants. These basins contain large amounts of trace metals and organisms found in these basins are known to accumulate large quantities of metals. Studies on a variety of organisms exposed to trace metals found that they experience a significant increase in standard metabolic rate. We experimentally exposed southern toads to metal-contaminated sediment and food and measured changes in standard and exercise metabolic rates as well as changes in body, liver and muscle mass, blood glucose, and corticosterone. We found that toads exposed tomore » trace metal contamination gained significantly less mass (18.3%) than control toads (31.3%) when food was limited and experienced significantly decreased RQ after exercise. However, contaminated toads did not experience changes in standard or exercise metabolic rates, plasma glucose levels, and hepatic or muscle percentage indices whether food was limited or not.« less
  • More than 50% of the electricity in the United States is produced by coal-burning power plants. The byproduct of coal-burning plants is coal fly ash, which contains increased concentrations of trace metals and is disposed of in collection basins. Southern toads (Bufo terrestris) frequently use these basins for reproduction. Male toads were collected in spring 2001 and 2002 from an ash basin and a reference site and divided into four groups: toads collected at the control site and maintained on (1) control substrate and food or (2) ash and contaminated food and toads collected at the ash site and maintainedmore » in (3) control or (4) ash conditions. Blood was collected periodically during 5 months to determine testosterone and corticosterone concentrations. Reference to ash toads exhibited a significant, transient increase in corticosterone at 4 weeks, but neither corticosterone nor testosterone continued to increase beyond this time. In contrast, toads caught and maintained on ash did not exhibit increased corticosterone. Testosterone in these toads appeared to be unrelated to ash exposure. This unexpected lack of a corticosterone response and no effect on testosterone suggests that toads chronically exposed to trace metals can acclimate to a polluted environment, but they may still experience subtle long-term consequences.« less
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