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Title: Progress in Understanding the Nuclear Equation of State at the Quark Level

Abstract

At the present time there is a lively debate within the nuclear community concerning the relevance of quark degrees of freedom in understanding nuclear structure. We outline the key issues and review the impressive progress made recently within the framework of the quark-meson coupling model. In particular, we explain in quite general terms how the modification of the internal structure of hadrons in-medium leads naturally to three- and four-body forces, or equivalently, to density dependent effective interactions.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE - Office of Energy Research (ER)
OSTI Identifier:
898362
Report Number(s):
JLAB-THY-07-607; DOE/OR/23177-0008
TRN: US0701618
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-06OR23177
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: XXX Symposium on Nuclear Physic, 3-6 Jan 2007, Hacienda Cocoyoc, Morelos, Mexico
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; DEGREES OF FREEDOM; HADRONS; MODIFICATIONS; NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR STRUCTURE; QUARKS

Citation Formats

A.W. Thomas, and P.A.M. Guichon. Progress in Understanding the Nuclear Equation of State at the Quark Level. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
A.W. Thomas, & P.A.M. Guichon. Progress in Understanding the Nuclear Equation of State at the Quark Level. United States.
A.W. Thomas, and P.A.M. Guichon. Wed . "Progress in Understanding the Nuclear Equation of State at the Quark Level". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/898362.
@article{osti_898362,
title = {Progress in Understanding the Nuclear Equation of State at the Quark Level},
author = {A.W. Thomas and P.A.M. Guichon},
abstractNote = {At the present time there is a lively debate within the nuclear community concerning the relevance of quark degrees of freedom in understanding nuclear structure. We outline the key issues and review the impressive progress made recently within the framework of the quark-meson coupling model. In particular, we explain in quite general terms how the modification of the internal structure of hadrons in-medium leads naturally to three- and four-body forces, or equivalently, to density dependent effective interactions.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 03 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Wed Jan 03 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

Conference:
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  • There is a measure of debate within the nuclear community concerning the relevance of quark degrees of freedom in understanding nuclear structure. We briefly outline some of the key issues and review the impressive progress made recently within the framework of the quark-meson coupling model. In particular, we explain in quite general terms how the modification of the internal structure of hadrons in-medium leads naturally to three- and four-body forces, or equivalently to density dependent effective interactions.
  • Elucidation of geodynamic, geochemical, and shock induced processes is limited by challenges to accurately determine molecular fluid equations of state (EOS). High pressure liquid state reactions of carbon species underlie physiochemical mechanisms such as differentiation of planetary interiors, deep carbon sequestration, propellant deflagration, and shock chemistry. In this proceedings paper we introduce a versatile photoacoustic technique developed to measure accurate and precise speeds of sound (SoS) of high pressure molecular fluids and fluid mixtures. SoS of an intermediate boron oxide, HBO{sub 2} are measured up to 0.5 GPa along the 277 C isotherm. A polarized exponential-6 interatomic potential form, parameterizedmore » using our SoS data, enables EOS determinations and corresponding semi-empirical evaluations of >2000 C thermodynamic states including energy release from bororganic formulations. Our thermochemical model propitiously predicts boronated hydrocarbon shock Hugoniot results.« less
  • Using Fabry-Perot interferometry techniques, we have determined the early time rate of energy release from detonating PETN and TNT explosives filled with 5 to 20 wt % of either 5 {mu}m or 18 {mu}m spherical aluminum with the detonation products, and calculate the extent of reaction at 1--3 {mu}s after the detonation. All of the metal in PETN formulations filled with 5 wt % and 10 wt % of either 5 {mu}m or 18 {mu}m aluminum reacted within 1.5 {mu}s, resulting in an increase of 18--22% in energy compared to pure PETN. For TNT formulations, between 5 to 10 wtmore » % aluminum reacts completely with the same timeframe. A reactive flow hydrodynamic code model based on the Zeldovich-von Neumann-Doring (ZND) description of the reaction zone and subsequent reaction product expansion (Taylor wave) is used to address the reaction rate of the aluminum particles with detonation product gases. The detonation product JWL equation of state is derived from that of pure PETN using a parametric normalization methodology.« less
  • An equation of state is computed for a plasma of one flavor quarks interacting through some phenomenological potential, in the Hartree approximation, at zero temperature. Assuming that the confining potential is scalar and color-independent, it is shown that the quarks undergo a first-order mass phase transition. In addition, due to the way screening is introduced, all the thermodynamic quantities computed are independent of the actual shape of the interquark potential. This equation of state is then generalized to a potential with scalar and vector components, Fock corrections are discussed and the case of a several quark flavor plasma is studied.more » 19 refs., 2 figs.« less