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Title: Properties of Ellipticity Correlation with Atmospheric Structure From Gemini South

Abstract

Cosmic shear holds great promise for a precision independent measurement of {Omega}{sub m}, the mass density of the universe relative to the critical density. The signal is expected to be weak, so a thorough understanding of systematic effects is crucial. An important systematic effect is the atmosphere: shear power introduced by the atmosphere is larger than the expected signal. Algorithms exist to extract the cosmic shear from the atmospheric component, though a measure of their success applied to a range of seeing conditions is lacking. To gain insight into atmospheric shear, Gemini South imaging in conjunction with ground condition and satellite wind data were obtained. We find that under good seeing conditions Point-Spread-Function (PSF) correlations persist well beyond the separation typical of high-latitude stars. Under these conditions, ellipticity residuals based on a simple PSF interpolation can be reduced to within a factor of a few of the shot-noise induced ellipticity floor. We also find that the ellipticity residuals are highly correlated with wind direction. Finally, we correct stellar shapes using a more sophisticated procedure and generate shear statistics from stars. Under all seeing conditions in our data set the residual correlations lie everywhere below the target signal level. For goodmore » seeing we find that the systematic error attributable to atmospheric turbulence is comparable in magnitude to the statistical error (shape noise) over angular scales relevant to present lensing surveys.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
897735
Report Number(s):
SLAC-PUB-12297
astro-ph/0701157; TRN: US200705%%314
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Submitted to Astrophys.J.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ACCURACY; ALGORITHMS; INTERPOLATION; SATELLITES; SHAPE; SHEAR; STARS; STATISTICS; TARGETS; TURBULENCE; UNIVERSE; Astrophysics,ASTRO

Citation Formats

Asztalos, Stephen J., /LLNL, Livermore, de Vries, W.H., /UC, Davis /LLNL, Livermore, Rosenberg, L.J, Treadway, T., /LLNL, Livermore, Burke, D., /SLAC, Claver, C., Saha, A., /NOAO, Tucson, Puxley, P., and /Gemini Observ., La Serena. Properties of Ellipticity Correlation with Atmospheric Structure From Gemini South. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1086/512048.
Asztalos, Stephen J., /LLNL, Livermore, de Vries, W.H., /UC, Davis /LLNL, Livermore, Rosenberg, L.J, Treadway, T., /LLNL, Livermore, Burke, D., /SLAC, Claver, C., Saha, A., /NOAO, Tucson, Puxley, P., & /Gemini Observ., La Serena. Properties of Ellipticity Correlation with Atmospheric Structure From Gemini South. United States. doi:10.1086/512048.
Asztalos, Stephen J., /LLNL, Livermore, de Vries, W.H., /UC, Davis /LLNL, Livermore, Rosenberg, L.J, Treadway, T., /LLNL, Livermore, Burke, D., /SLAC, Claver, C., Saha, A., /NOAO, Tucson, Puxley, P., and /Gemini Observ., La Serena. Wed . "Properties of Ellipticity Correlation with Atmospheric Structure From Gemini South". United States. doi:10.1086/512048. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/897735.
@article{osti_897735,
title = {Properties of Ellipticity Correlation with Atmospheric Structure From Gemini South},
author = {Asztalos, Stephen J. and /LLNL, Livermore and de Vries, W.H. and /UC, Davis /LLNL, Livermore and Rosenberg, L.J and Treadway, T. and /LLNL, Livermore and Burke, D. and /SLAC and Claver, C. and Saha, A. and /NOAO, Tucson and Puxley, P. and /Gemini Observ., La Serena},
abstractNote = {Cosmic shear holds great promise for a precision independent measurement of {Omega}{sub m}, the mass density of the universe relative to the critical density. The signal is expected to be weak, so a thorough understanding of systematic effects is crucial. An important systematic effect is the atmosphere: shear power introduced by the atmosphere is larger than the expected signal. Algorithms exist to extract the cosmic shear from the atmospheric component, though a measure of their success applied to a range of seeing conditions is lacking. To gain insight into atmospheric shear, Gemini South imaging in conjunction with ground condition and satellite wind data were obtained. We find that under good seeing conditions Point-Spread-Function (PSF) correlations persist well beyond the separation typical of high-latitude stars. Under these conditions, ellipticity residuals based on a simple PSF interpolation can be reduced to within a factor of a few of the shot-noise induced ellipticity floor. We also find that the ellipticity residuals are highly correlated with wind direction. Finally, we correct stellar shapes using a more sophisticated procedure and generate shear statistics from stars. Under all seeing conditions in our data set the residual correlations lie everywhere below the target signal level. For good seeing we find that the systematic error attributable to atmospheric turbulence is comparable in magnitude to the statistical error (shape noise) over angular scales relevant to present lensing surveys.},
doi = {10.1086/512048},
journal = {Submitted to Astrophys.J.},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 17 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Wed Jan 17 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}