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Title: A Short History of Hanford

Abstract

Nine nuclear reactors and four reprocessing plants at Hanford produced nearly two-thirds of the plutonium used in the United States for government purposes . These site operations also created large volumes of radioactive and chemical waste. Some contaminants were released into the environment, exposing people who lived downwind and downstream. Other contaminants were stored. The last reactor was shut down in 1987, and the last reprocessing plant closed in 1990. Most of the human-made radioactivity and about half of the chemicals remaining onsite are kept in underground tanks and surface facilities. The rest exists in the soil, groundwater, and burial grounds. Hanford contains about 40% of all the radioactivity that exists across the nuclear weapons complex. Today, environmental restoration activities are under way.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
897390
Report Number(s):
PNNL-13605 Rev. 3
KP1301010; TRN: US0703540
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; CHEMICAL WASTES; NUCLEAR WEAPONS; PLUTONIUM; RADIOACTIVITY; REACTORS; REPROCESSING; TANKS; HANFORD PRODUCTION REACTORS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; Hanford, waste, radiation, plutonium

Citation Formats

Gephart, Roy E. A Short History of Hanford. United States: N. p., 2002. Web. doi:10.2172/897390.
Gephart, Roy E. A Short History of Hanford. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/897390
Gephart, Roy E. Fri . "A Short History of Hanford". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/897390. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/897390.
@article{osti_897390,
title = {A Short History of Hanford},
author = {Gephart, Roy E},
abstractNote = {Nine nuclear reactors and four reprocessing plants at Hanford produced nearly two-thirds of the plutonium used in the United States for government purposes . These site operations also created large volumes of radioactive and chemical waste. Some contaminants were released into the environment, exposing people who lived downwind and downstream. Other contaminants were stored. The last reactor was shut down in 1987, and the last reprocessing plant closed in 1990. Most of the human-made radioactivity and about half of the chemicals remaining onsite are kept in underground tanks and surface facilities. The rest exists in the soil, groundwater, and burial grounds. Hanford contains about 40% of all the radioactivity that exists across the nuclear weapons complex. Today, environmental restoration activities are under way.},
doi = {10.2172/897390},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/897390}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {11}
}