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Title: Production Scale-Up or Activated Carbons for Ultracapacitors

Abstract

Transportation use accounts for 67% of the petroleum consumption in the US. Electric and hybrid vehicles are promising technologies for decreasing our dependence on petroleum, and this is the objective of the FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program. Inexpensive and efficient energy storage devices are needed for electric and hybrid vehicle to be economically viable, and ultracapacitors are a leading energy storage technology being investigated by the FreedomCAR program. The most important parameter in determining the power and energy density of a carbon-based ultracapacitor is the amount of surface area accessible to the electrolyte, which is primarily determined by the pore size distribution. The major problems with current carbons are that their pore size distribution is not optimized for liquid electrolytes and the best carbons are very expensive. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) has developed methods to prepare porous carbons with tunable pore size distributions from inexpensive carbohydrate based precursors. The use of low-cost feedstocks and processing steps greatly lowers the production costs. During this project with the assistance of Maxwell Technologies, we found that an impurity was limiting the performance of our carbon and the major impurity found was sulfur. A new carbon with low sulfur content was made and foundmore » that the performance of the carbon was greatly improved. We also scaled-up the process to pre-production levels and we are currently able to produce 0.25 tons/year of activated carbon. We could easily double this amount by purchasing a second rotary kiln. More importantly, we are working with MeadWestvaco on a Joint Development Agreement to scale-up the process to produce hundreds of tons of high quality, inexpensive carbon per year based on our processes.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
TDA Research, Inc.
Sponsoring Org.:
Golden
OSTI Identifier:
897102
Report Number(s):
TDA2568F
2568; TRN: US200721%%200
DOE Contract Number:  
FG36-04GO14326
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; ACTIVATED CARBON; CARBON; ENERGY DENSITY; ENERGY STORAGE; PRODUCTION; SULFUR CONTENT; SURFACE AREA; CAPACITORS; Ultracapacitors, Carbon, Activated

Citation Formats

Dr. Steven D. Dietz. Production Scale-Up or Activated Carbons for Ultracapacitors. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2172/897102.
Dr. Steven D. Dietz. Production Scale-Up or Activated Carbons for Ultracapacitors. United States. doi:10.2172/897102.
Dr. Steven D. Dietz. Wed . "Production Scale-Up or Activated Carbons for Ultracapacitors". United States. doi:10.2172/897102. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/897102.
@article{osti_897102,
title = {Production Scale-Up or Activated Carbons for Ultracapacitors},
author = {Dr. Steven D. Dietz},
abstractNote = {Transportation use accounts for 67% of the petroleum consumption in the US. Electric and hybrid vehicles are promising technologies for decreasing our dependence on petroleum, and this is the objective of the FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program. Inexpensive and efficient energy storage devices are needed for electric and hybrid vehicle to be economically viable, and ultracapacitors are a leading energy storage technology being investigated by the FreedomCAR program. The most important parameter in determining the power and energy density of a carbon-based ultracapacitor is the amount of surface area accessible to the electrolyte, which is primarily determined by the pore size distribution. The major problems with current carbons are that their pore size distribution is not optimized for liquid electrolytes and the best carbons are very expensive. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) has developed methods to prepare porous carbons with tunable pore size distributions from inexpensive carbohydrate based precursors. The use of low-cost feedstocks and processing steps greatly lowers the production costs. During this project with the assistance of Maxwell Technologies, we found that an impurity was limiting the performance of our carbon and the major impurity found was sulfur. A new carbon with low sulfur content was made and found that the performance of the carbon was greatly improved. We also scaled-up the process to pre-production levels and we are currently able to produce 0.25 tons/year of activated carbon. We could easily double this amount by purchasing a second rotary kiln. More importantly, we are working with MeadWestvaco on a Joint Development Agreement to scale-up the process to produce hundreds of tons of high quality, inexpensive carbon per year based on our processes.},
doi = {10.2172/897102},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 10 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Wed Jan 10 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

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