skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Durability of Silicate Glasses: An Historical Approach

Abstract

We present a short review of current theories of glass weathering, including glass dissolution, and hydrolysis of nuclear waste glasses, and leaching of historical glasses from an XAFS perspective. The results of various laboratory leaching experiments at different timescales (30 days to 12 years) are compared with results for historical glasses that were weathered by atmospheric gases and soil waters over 500 to 3000 years. Good agreement is found between laboratory experiments and slowly leached historical glasses, with a strong enrichment of metals at the water/gel interface. Depending on the nature of the transition elements originally dissolved in the melt, increasing elemental distributions are expected to increase with time for a given glass durability context.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
896945
Report Number(s):
SLAC-PUB-12221
TRN: US200705%%85
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Contributed to 13th International Conference on X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS13), Stanford, California, 9-14 Jul 2006
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; ABSORPTION; DISSOLUTION; FINE STRUCTURE; GASES; GLASS; HYDROLYSIS; LEACHING; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; SILICATES; SOILS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; WEATHERING; Other,BIO

Citation Formats

Farges, Francois, /Museum Natl. Hist. Natur. /Stanford U., Geo. Environ. Sci., Etcheverry, Marie-Pierre, /Marne la Vallee U., Haddi, Amine, /Marne la Valle U., Trocellier, Patrick, /Saclay, Curti, Enzo, /PSI, Villigen, Brown, Gordon E., Jr., and /SLAC, SSRL. Durability of Silicate Glasses: An Historical Approach. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Farges, Francois, /Museum Natl. Hist. Natur. /Stanford U., Geo. Environ. Sci., Etcheverry, Marie-Pierre, /Marne la Vallee U., Haddi, Amine, /Marne la Valle U., Trocellier, Patrick, /Saclay, Curti, Enzo, /PSI, Villigen, Brown, Gordon E., Jr., & /SLAC, SSRL. Durability of Silicate Glasses: An Historical Approach. United States.
Farges, Francois, /Museum Natl. Hist. Natur. /Stanford U., Geo. Environ. Sci., Etcheverry, Marie-Pierre, /Marne la Vallee U., Haddi, Amine, /Marne la Valle U., Trocellier, Patrick, /Saclay, Curti, Enzo, /PSI, Villigen, Brown, Gordon E., Jr., and /SLAC, SSRL. Tue . "Durability of Silicate Glasses: An Historical Approach". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/896945.
@article{osti_896945,
title = {Durability of Silicate Glasses: An Historical Approach},
author = {Farges, Francois and /Museum Natl. Hist. Natur. /Stanford U., Geo. Environ. Sci. and Etcheverry, Marie-Pierre and /Marne la Vallee U. and Haddi, Amine and /Marne la Valle U. and Trocellier, Patrick and /Saclay and Curti, Enzo and /PSI, Villigen and Brown, Gordon E., Jr. and /SLAC, SSRL},
abstractNote = {We present a short review of current theories of glass weathering, including glass dissolution, and hydrolysis of nuclear waste glasses, and leaching of historical glasses from an XAFS perspective. The results of various laboratory leaching experiments at different timescales (30 days to 12 years) are compared with results for historical glasses that were weathered by atmospheric gases and soil waters over 500 to 3000 years. Good agreement is found between laboratory experiments and slowly leached historical glasses, with a strong enrichment of metals at the water/gel interface. Depending on the nature of the transition elements originally dissolved in the melt, increasing elemental distributions are expected to increase with time for a given glass durability context.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 02 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Tue Jan 02 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share: