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Title: Evidence for Gropun-Water Stratification Near Yucca Mountain, Nevada

Abstract

Major- and trace-element concentrations and strontium isotope ratios (strontium-87/strontium-86) in samples of ground water potentially can be useful in delineating flow paths in the complex ground-water system in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Water samples were collected from boreholes to characterize the lateral and vertical variability in the composition of water in the saturated zone. Discrete sampling of water-producing intervals in the saturated zone includes isolating borehole sections with packers and extracting pore water from core obtained by sonic drilling. Chemical and isotopic stratification was identified in the saturated zone beneath southern Fortymile Wash.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Yucca Mountain Project, Las Vegas, Nevada
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
893595
Report Number(s):
NA
MOL.20060626.0148, DC# 47425; TRN: US0606054
DOE Contract Number:
NA
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; BOREHOLES; DRILLING; GROUND WATER; SAMPLING; STRATIFICATION; STRONTIUM ISOTOPES; WATER; YUCCA MOUNTAIN

Citation Formats

K. Futa, B.D. Marshall, and Z.E. Peterman. Evidence for Gropun-Water Stratification Near Yucca Mountain, Nevada. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.2172/893595.
K. Futa, B.D. Marshall, & Z.E. Peterman. Evidence for Gropun-Water Stratification Near Yucca Mountain, Nevada. United States. doi:10.2172/893595.
K. Futa, B.D. Marshall, and Z.E. Peterman. Fri . "Evidence for Gropun-Water Stratification Near Yucca Mountain, Nevada". United States. doi:10.2172/893595. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/893595.
@article{osti_893595,
title = {Evidence for Gropun-Water Stratification Near Yucca Mountain, Nevada},
author = {K. Futa and B.D. Marshall and Z.E. Peterman},
abstractNote = {Major- and trace-element concentrations and strontium isotope ratios (strontium-87/strontium-86) in samples of ground water potentially can be useful in delineating flow paths in the complex ground-water system in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Water samples were collected from boreholes to characterize the lateral and vertical variability in the composition of water in the saturated zone. Discrete sampling of water-producing intervals in the saturated zone includes isolating borehole sections with packers and extracting pore water from core obtained by sonic drilling. Chemical and isotopic stratification was identified in the saturated zone beneath southern Fortymile Wash.},
doi = {10.2172/893595},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Mar 24 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Fri Mar 24 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}

Technical Report:

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  • The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project is studying Yucca Mountain in southwestern Nevada as a potential site for a high-level nuclear waste repository. Site characterization includes surface-based and underground testing. Analyses have been performed to design site characterization activities with minimal impact on the ability of the site to isolate waste, and on tests performed as part of the characterization process. One activity of site characterization is the construction of an Exploratory Studies Facility, which may include underground shafts, drifts, and ramps, and the accompanying ponds used for the storage of sewage water and muck water removed from construction operations.more » The information in this report pertains to the two-dimensional numerical calculations modelling the movement of sewage and settling pond water, and the potential effects of that water on repository performance and underground experiments. This document contains information that has been used in preparing Appendix I of the Exploratory Studies Facility Design Requirements document (ESF DR) for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project.« less
  • Quantification of the ground-water recharge from streamflow in the Fortymile Wash watershed will contribute to regional ground-water studies. Regional ground-water studies are an important component in the studies evaluating the ground-water flow system as a barrier to the potential migration of radionuclides from the potential underground high-level nuclear waste repository. Knowledge gained in understanding the ground-water recharge mechanisms and pathways in the Pah Canyon area, which is 10 km to the northeast of Yucca Mountain, may transfer to Yucca site specific studies. The current data collection network in Fortymile Canyon does not permit quantification of ground-water recharge, however a qualitativemore » understanding of ground-water recharge was developed from these data.« less
  • Simulations were done to examine the effects of ground-water withdrawals from wells J-13 and J-12 near Yucca Mountain, Nevada. These simulations were done using a two-dimensional finite-element model of the subregional groundwater flow system of Yucca Mountain and vicinity. Eight different withdrawal rates ranging from 36 gallons per minute (the minimum average for well J-13) to 1,390 gallons per minute (the maximum for both J-13 and J-12 combined) were used in conjunction with specific-yield values of 0.001, 0.005, and 0.01. Drawdown was analyzed for each withdrawal rate by plotting contours of drawdown after 10 years of simulated withdrawals, and bymore » plotting drawdown as a function of time for model locations corresponding to well J-13, well J-12, one-half mile south of well J-12, 2 miles north of the town of Amargosa Valley, and about 5 miles northwest of the Ash Meadows area. Because the range in simulated withdrawal rate was large, the range in resultant drawdown was correspondingly large. The simulated drawdowns after 10 years for the withdrawal rate of 90 gallons per minute from well J-13, based on a specific yield of 0.01 (which was considered to be a minimum value for the aquifer system) were 0.95 foot at well J-13, 0.53 foot at Amargosa Valley, and 0.16 foot northwest of Ash Meadows.« less
  • The two purposes of this report are to qualitatively document ground-water recharge from stream-flow in Fortymile Wash during the period 1969--95 from previously unpublished ground-water levels in boreholes in Fortymile Canyon during 1982--91 and 1995, and to quantitatively estimate the long-term ground-water recharge rate from streamflow in Fortymile Wash for four reaches of Fortymile Wash (Fortymile Canyon, upper Jackass Flats, lower Jackass Flats, and Amargosa Desert). The long-term groundwater recharge rate was estimated from estimates of the volume of water available for infiltration, the volume of infiltration losses from streamflow, the ground-water recharge volume from infiltration losses, and an analysismore » of the different periods of data availability. The volume of water available for infiltration and ground-water recharge in the four reaches was estimated from known streamflow in ephemeral Fortymile Wash, which was measured at several gaging station locations. The volume of infiltration losses from streamflow for the four reaches was estimated from a streamflow volume loss factor applied to the estimated streamflows. the ground-water recharge volume was estimated from a linear relation between infiltration loss volume and ground-water recharge volume for each of the four reaches. Ground-water recharge rates were estimated for three different periods of data availability (1969--95, 1983--95, and 1992--95) and a long-term ground-water recharge rate estimated for each of the four reaches.« less