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Title: First Operation of a Free-Electron Laser Generating GW Power Radiation at 32-Nm Wavelength

Abstract

Many scientific disciplines ranging from physics, chemistry and biology to material sciences, geophysics and medical diagnostics need a powerful X-ray source with pulse lengths in the femtosecond range. This would allow, for example, time-resolved observation of chemical reactions with atomic resolution. Such radiation of extreme intensity, and tunable over a wide range of wavelengths, can be accomplished using high-gain free-electron lasers (FEL). Here we present results of the first successful operation of an FEL at a wavelength of 32 nm, with ultra-short pulses (25 fs FWHM), a peak power at the Gigawatt level, and a high degree of transverse and longitudinal coherence. The experimental data are in full agreement with theory. This is the shortest wavelength achieved with an FEL to date and an important milestone towards a user facility designed for wavelengths down to 6 nm. With a peak brilliance exceeding the state-of-the-art of synchrotron radiation sources by seven orders of magnitude, this device opens a new field of experiments, and it paves the way towards sources with even shorter wavelengths, such as the Linac Coherent Light Source at Stanford, USA, and the European X-ray Free Electron Laser Facility in Hamburg, Germany.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
891469
Report Number(s):
SLAC-PUB-12114
TRN: US200622%%428
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Eur.Phys.J.D37:297-303,2006
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Eur.Phys.J.D37:297-303,2006
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; BIOLOGY; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CHEMISTRY; FREE ELECTRON LASERS; GEOPHYSICS; LASERS; LIGHT SOURCES; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; PEAK LOAD; PHYSICS; RADIATIONS; RESOLUTION; SYNCHROTRON RADIATION SOURCES; WAVELENGTHS; X-RAY SOURCES; Accelerators,ACCPHY

Citation Formats

Ayvazian, V, Baboi, N, Bahr, J, Balandin, V, Beutner, B, Brandt, A, Bohnet, I, Bolzmann, A, Brinkmann, R, Brovko, O I, Carneiro, J P, Casalbuoni, S, Castellano, M, Castro, P, Catani, L, Chiadroni, E, Choroba, S, Cianchi, A, Delsim-Hashemi, H, Di Pirro, G, Dohlus, M, and /Saclay /Wurzburg U. /BESSY, Berlin /CANDLE, Yerevan/Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /DESY /DESY, Zeuthen /Fermilab /Hamburg U. /INFM, Padua /Frascati /INFN, Milan /INFN, Rome2 /Sofiya, Inst. Nucl. Res. /Dubna, JINR /Orsay, LAL /Max BornInst., Berlin /SLAC. First Operation of a Free-Electron Laser Generating GW Power Radiation at 32-Nm Wavelength. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1140/epjd/e2005-00308-1.
Ayvazian, V, Baboi, N, Bahr, J, Balandin, V, Beutner, B, Brandt, A, Bohnet, I, Bolzmann, A, Brinkmann, R, Brovko, O I, Carneiro, J P, Casalbuoni, S, Castellano, M, Castro, P, Catani, L, Chiadroni, E, Choroba, S, Cianchi, A, Delsim-Hashemi, H, Di Pirro, G, Dohlus, M, & /Saclay /Wurzburg U. /BESSY, Berlin /CANDLE, Yerevan/Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /DESY /DESY, Zeuthen /Fermilab /Hamburg U. /INFM, Padua /Frascati /INFN, Milan /INFN, Rome2 /Sofiya, Inst. Nucl. Res. /Dubna, JINR /Orsay, LAL /Max BornInst., Berlin /SLAC. First Operation of a Free-Electron Laser Generating GW Power Radiation at 32-Nm Wavelength. United States. https://doi.org/10.1140/epjd/e2005-00308-1
Ayvazian, V, Baboi, N, Bahr, J, Balandin, V, Beutner, B, Brandt, A, Bohnet, I, Bolzmann, A, Brinkmann, R, Brovko, O I, Carneiro, J P, Casalbuoni, S, Castellano, M, Castro, P, Catani, L, Chiadroni, E, Choroba, S, Cianchi, A, Delsim-Hashemi, H, Di Pirro, G, Dohlus, M, and /Saclay /Wurzburg U. /BESSY, Berlin /CANDLE, Yerevan/Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /DESY /DESY, Zeuthen /Fermilab /Hamburg U. /INFM, Padua /Frascati /INFN, Milan /INFN, Rome2 /Sofiya, Inst. Nucl. Res. /Dubna, JINR /Orsay, LAL /Max BornInst., Berlin /SLAC. Fri . "First Operation of a Free-Electron Laser Generating GW Power Radiation at 32-Nm Wavelength". United States. https://doi.org/10.1140/epjd/e2005-00308-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/891469.
@article{osti_891469,
title = {First Operation of a Free-Electron Laser Generating GW Power Radiation at 32-Nm Wavelength},
author = {Ayvazian, V and Baboi, N and Bahr, J and Balandin, V and Beutner, B and Brandt, A and Bohnet, I and Bolzmann, A and Brinkmann, R and Brovko, O I and Carneiro, J P and Casalbuoni, S and Castellano, M and Castro, P and Catani, L and Chiadroni, E and Choroba, S and Cianchi, A and Delsim-Hashemi, H and Di Pirro, G and Dohlus, M and /Saclay /Wurzburg U. /BESSY, Berlin /CANDLE, Yerevan/Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /DESY /DESY, Zeuthen /Fermilab /Hamburg U. /INFM, Padua /Frascati /INFN, Milan /INFN, Rome2 /Sofiya, Inst. Nucl. Res. /Dubna, JINR /Orsay, LAL /Max BornInst., Berlin /SLAC},
abstractNote = {Many scientific disciplines ranging from physics, chemistry and biology to material sciences, geophysics and medical diagnostics need a powerful X-ray source with pulse lengths in the femtosecond range. This would allow, for example, time-resolved observation of chemical reactions with atomic resolution. Such radiation of extreme intensity, and tunable over a wide range of wavelengths, can be accomplished using high-gain free-electron lasers (FEL). Here we present results of the first successful operation of an FEL at a wavelength of 32 nm, with ultra-short pulses (25 fs FWHM), a peak power at the Gigawatt level, and a high degree of transverse and longitudinal coherence. The experimental data are in full agreement with theory. This is the shortest wavelength achieved with an FEL to date and an important milestone towards a user facility designed for wavelengths down to 6 nm. With a peak brilliance exceeding the state-of-the-art of synchrotron radiation sources by seven orders of magnitude, this device opens a new field of experiments, and it paves the way towards sources with even shorter wavelengths, such as the Linac Coherent Light Source at Stanford, USA, and the European X-ray Free Electron Laser Facility in Hamburg, Germany.},
doi = {10.1140/epjd/e2005-00308-1},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/891469}, journal = {Eur.Phys.J.D37:297-303,2006},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {9}
}