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Title: Carbon-based Fuel Cell

Abstract

The direct use of coal in the solid oxide fuel cell to generate electricity is an innovative concept for power generation. The C-fuel cell (carbon-based fuel cell) could offer significant advantages: (1) minimization of NOx emissions due to its operating temperature range of 700-1000 C, (2) high overall efficiency because of the direct conversion of coal to CO{sub 2}, and (3) the production of a nearly pure CO{sub 2} exhaust stream for the direct CO{sub 2} sequestration. The objective of this project is to determine the technical feasibility of using a highly active anode catalyst in a solid oxide fuel for the direct electrochemical oxidation of coal to produce electricity. Results of this study showed that the electric power generation from Ohio No 5 coal (Lower Kittanning) Seam, Mahoning County, is higher than those of coal gas and pure methane on a solid oxide fuel cell assembly with a promoted metal anode catalyst at 950 C. Further study is needed to test the long term activity, selectivity, and stability of anode catalysts.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
The University Of Akron
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
891068
DOE Contract Number:  
FG26-03NT41803
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 03 NATURAL GAS; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; ANODES; CATALYSTS; COAL; COAL GAS; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRIC POWER; ELECTRICITY; FUEL CELLS; METHANE; MINIMIZATION; OXIDATION; OXIDES; POWER GENERATION; SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS; STABILITY

Citation Formats

Steven S. C. Chuang. Carbon-based Fuel Cell. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.2172/891068.
Steven S. C. Chuang. Carbon-based Fuel Cell. United States. doi:10.2172/891068.
Steven S. C. Chuang. Wed . "Carbon-based Fuel Cell". United States. doi:10.2172/891068. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/891068.
@article{osti_891068,
title = {Carbon-based Fuel Cell},
author = {Steven S. C. Chuang},
abstractNote = {The direct use of coal in the solid oxide fuel cell to generate electricity is an innovative concept for power generation. The C-fuel cell (carbon-based fuel cell) could offer significant advantages: (1) minimization of NOx emissions due to its operating temperature range of 700-1000 C, (2) high overall efficiency because of the direct conversion of coal to CO{sub 2}, and (3) the production of a nearly pure CO{sub 2} exhaust stream for the direct CO{sub 2} sequestration. The objective of this project is to determine the technical feasibility of using a highly active anode catalyst in a solid oxide fuel for the direct electrochemical oxidation of coal to produce electricity. Results of this study showed that the electric power generation from Ohio No 5 coal (Lower Kittanning) Seam, Mahoning County, is higher than those of coal gas and pure methane on a solid oxide fuel cell assembly with a promoted metal anode catalyst at 950 C. Further study is needed to test the long term activity, selectivity, and stability of anode catalysts.},
doi = {10.2172/891068},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Aug 31 00:00:00 EDT 2005},
month = {Wed Aug 31 00:00:00 EDT 2005}
}

Technical Report:

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